Document Detail

Non-cancer EMF effects related to children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16142774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Potential adverse effects of electromagnetic field exposure on the developing child have been discussed during the last decades. Effects during fetal development could have major consequences and possibly lead to various adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study summarizes the evidence on adverse pregnancy outcomes in relation to extremely low frequency (ELF) and radiofrequency (RF) exposures and briefly discusses other potential health effects, excluding cancer, following childhood exposures to these fields. Most studies of ELF exposures have not demonstrated any consistent risk increases for adverse pregnancy outcomes, but limitations in the exposure assessment methods and very limited power to study high exposure levels prevents any conclusions. Findings of an increased risk of spontaneous abortion in relation to maximum magnetic field exposures in two studies need to be confirmed. Studies of RF exposure have mostly been limited to physiotherapists and although some positive findings have been reported, no specific type of malformation or other adverse outcome has been consistently reported. Different types of symptoms and effects on cognitive function in relation to both ELF and RF fields have been reported in adults, but scientific studies have not confirmed that these symptoms are caused by the electromagnetic fields. No information is available for children.
Maria Feychting
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioelectromagnetics     Volume:  Suppl 7     ISSN:  0197-8462     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioelectromagnetics     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-18     Completed Date:  2006-01-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008281     Medline TA:  Bioelectromagnetics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S69-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*
Child, Preschool
Clinical Trials as Topic / statistics & numerical data
Congenital Abnormalities / epidemiology*
Electromagnetic Fields*
Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
Evidence-Based Medicine / statistics & numerical data
Infant, Newborn
Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / epidemiology
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / epidemiology*
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Injuries / epidemiology*
Radiometry / methods
Risk Assessment / methods*
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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