Document Detail


Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: an expanding problem with low levels of awareness in Hong Kong.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19686415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND AIM: With the Westernization of the lifestyle and the rising prevalence of obesity and diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging health problem in the Asia-Pacific region. The purpose of this study was to determine the awareness of NAFLD among the general population in Hong Kong. METHODS: A random telephone survey was conducted from September 2007 to January 2008 using a structured multiple-choice questionnaire. Subjects were Hong Kong residents aged 18 or above who spoke Cantonese. RESULTS: In the first phase of the telephone survey, 521 subjects were interviewed and the results showed that as high as 83% of respondents had never come across the term 'NAFLD'. Upon completion of the second phase telephone survey, a total of 508 respondents who had heard of NAFLD were successfully interviewed. Of the 508 respondents, nearly half of them (42%) expressed no idea about the prevalence of NAFLD in Hong Kong. About half of respondents (47%) knew nothing about the clinical presentation of NAFLD. The majority of them (78%) had a misconception that blood tests could provide a definite diagnosis of NAFLD. Smoking, hepatitis B carriage and a past history of hepatitis A infection were cited as risk factors of NAFLD by 52%, 57% and 42% of respondents, respectively. Of the 508 respondents who had heard of NAFLD, most of them perceived that their knowledge of NAFLD was either inadequate (46%) or highly inadequate (35%). CONCLUSION: This survey revealed an inadequate knowledge of NAFLD among the general population in Hong Kong.
Authors:
Chi Man Leung; Lawrence Siu Wing Lai; Wing Hang Wong; Kam Hoi Chan; Yiu Wing Luk; Jak Yiu Lai; Yat Wah Yeung; Wai Mo Hui
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-08-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1440-1746     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-08     Completed Date:  2010-04-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607909     Medline TA:  J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1786-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Hong Kong Liver Foundation, SBI Centre, Central, Hong Kong. dr_cmleung@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Asian Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*
Awareness*
Comprehension
Fatty Liver / diagnosis,  ethnology*,  etiology,  prevention & control,  psychology
Female
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Hong Kong / epidemiology
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic
Population Surveillance
Predictive Value of Tests
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Nov;24(11):1705-7   [PMID:  20136955 ]

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