Document Detail

Non-adjacent dependency learning in infants at familial risk of dyslexia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23217289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT This study tests the hypothesis that developmental dyslexia is (partly) caused by a deficit in implicit sequential learning, by investigating whether infants at familial risk of dyslexia can track non-adjacent dependencies in an artificial language. An implicit learning deficit would hinder detection of such dependencies, which mark grammatical relations (e.g. between 'is' and '-ing' in 'she is happily singing'). In a head-turn experiment with infants aged 1;6, family risk and typically developing infants were exposed to one of two novel languages containing dependencies of the type a-X-c, b-X-d or a-X-d, b-X-c, with fixed first and third elements and twenty-four different X elements. During test, typically developing children listened longer to ungrammatical strings (i.e. that did not correspond to their training language). However, family-risk children did not discriminate between grammatical and ungrammatical strings, indicating deficient implicit learning. The implications of these findings in relation to dyslexia and other language-based disorders are discussed.
Annemarie Kerkhoff; Elise DE Bree; Maartje DE Klerk; Frank Wijnen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child language     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1469-7602     ISO Abbreviation:  J Child Lang     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425743     Medline TA:  J Child Lang     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Utrecht University.
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