Document Detail

Non-additive phenotypic and transcriptomic inheritance in a citrus allotetraploid somatic hybrid between C. reticulata and C. limon: the case of pulp carotenoid biosynthesis pathway.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19727737     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Allopolyploidy is known to induce novel patterns of gene expression and often gives rise to new phenotypes. Here we report on the first attempt to relate phenotypic inheritance in an allotetraploid somatic hybrid with gene expression. Carotenoid compounds in the fruit pulp of the two parental species and the hybrid were evaluated quantitatively by HPLC. Only very low levels of beta-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin were observed in Citrus limon, while beta-cryptoxanthin was a major component of C. reticulata, which also displayed high levels of phytoene, phytofluene, beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxantin and violaxanthin. Total carotenoid content in mandarin juice sacs was 60 times greater than that in lemon. The allotetraploid hybrid produced all the same compounds as mandarin but at very low levels. Transgressive concentration of abscisic acid (ABA) was observed in the somatic hybrid. Real-time RT-PCR of total RNA from juice sacs was used to study expression of seven genes (CitDxs, CitPsy, CitPds, CitZds, CitLcy-b, CitChx-b, and CitZep) of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway and two genes (CitNced1 and CitNced2) involved in abscisic acid synthesis from carotenoid. Gene expression was significantly higher for mandarin than lemon for seven of the nine genes analyzed. Lemon under expression was partially dominant in the somatic hybrid for three upstream steps of the biosynthetic pathway, particularly for CitDxs. Transgressive over expression was observed for the two CitNced genes. A limitation of the upstream steps of the pathway and a downstream higher consumption of carotenoids may explain the phenotype of the somatic hybrid.
Jean Baptiste Bassene; Yann Froelicher; Claudie Dhuique-Mayer; Waffa Mouhaya; Rosa Mar Ferrer; Gema Ancillo; Raphael Morillon; Luis Navarro; Patrick Ollitrault
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-08-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant cell reports     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1432-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Cell Rep.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-29     Completed Date:  2010-04-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9880970     Medline TA:  Plant Cell Rep     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1689-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
UPR Am?lioration g?n?tique des esp?ces ? multiplication v?g?tative, Centre de Coop?ration Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le D?veloppement, San Giuliano, France.
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MeSH Terms
Ascorbic Acid / biosynthesis
Carotenoids / biosynthesis*
Citrus / anatomy & histology,  genetics*,  metabolism
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
Plant Proteins / genetics*,  metabolism
Transcription, Genetic*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Plant Proteins; 36-88-4/Carotenoids; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid

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