Document Detail


Non- Pharmacological Treatments in Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Overview on Early Interventions for Pre-schoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24050743     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper evaluates the current literature on non-pharmacological early interventions [behavior behavioral, developmental and educational approaches] for pre-schoolers [aged 24-71 months] with autism spectrum disorders. Although there lies a significant heterogeneity among the available studies, the present review emphasizes the importance of considering the wide range of interventions through behavioral [behavioral or developmental interventions] and educational continuum according to the suggestions of the recent literature in this field. Furthermore, the present review: 1] outlines the issues about the scientific validity of the treatment outcome studies; 2] describes the findings of different parent-mediated interventions; 3] highlights the importance to use the same outcome measures through the studies to compare findings of different literature contributes; and 4] focuses on the importance to consider pre-treatment variables to identify children who will have better outcomes. Furthermore, some evidence-based guidelines about clinical management and treatment have also been outlined and summarized in this review. Finally, the review concludes on providing a number of practical recommendations to clinicians working in the field suggesting both the presence of a specialized team and role of an active collaboration of the family to treatment as core milestones for the clinical management.
Authors:
Narzisi Antonio; Colombi Costanza; Fusar Poli Paolo; Balottin Umberto; Muratori Filippo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current clinical pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2212-3938     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Clin Pharmacol     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101273158     Medline TA:  Curr Clin Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry University of Pisa - Stella Maris Scientific Institute Via dei Giacinti, 2, I-56018 Calambrone [Pisa] Italy. f.muratori@inpe.unipi.it.
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