Document Detail


Non-Pharmacologic Management of Atrial Fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21545986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice today. Contemporary medical treatment options include atrioventricular nodal blocking agents to control heart rates during AF, antiarrhythmic drugs aimed at maintaining normal sinus rhythm, and anticoagulation therapies to reduce stroke risk. Invasive treatment of AF has emerged because of the toxicities and lack of long-term efficacy of available antiarrhythmic medications along with the lack of improvement in symptoms for rate-controlled patients. The investigators review the evolution of the current catheter-delivered AF procedures, starting with surgical maze up to and including left atrial appendage occlusion devices. Individual catheter ablation targets, anatomic and electrophysiologic, are discussed, with a particular focus on the use of an incremental ablation target strategy dependent on the type of AF being treated. In conclusion, the history of invasive AF therapy provides a basic understanding of contemporary ablation strategies and a backdrop for the cutting-edge rhythm and stroke prevention therapies of today.
Authors:
Andrew J Brenyo; Mehmet K Aktas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Rochester Medical Center, Strong Memorial Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Rochester, New York.
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