Document Detail

Non Invasive Evaluation of Cardiac Hemodynamics in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24549516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Volume overload is typical of haemodialysis patients; correct volume status evaluation is crucial in achieving blood pressure homeostasis, hypertension management and good treatment planning. This study evaluates the effect of acute volume depletion on ultrasonographic parameters and suggests two of them as able to predict patients volume overload.
PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: 27 patients with end stage renal disease treated with haemodialysis underwent a complete echocardiographic exam before, after 90 min and at the end of the dialysis.
MAIN OUTCOME AND RESULTS: Blood pressure levels significantly drop during the first 90 min of dialysis (139 ± 20 vs 126 ± 18; p < 0.0001), reaching a steady state with significantly lower values compared to baseline (130 ± 28; p = 0.02). LV and left atrial volume significantly decreased (baseline vs end dialysis 98 ± 32 vs 82 ± 31 p = 0.003 and 28 ± 10 vs. 21 ± 9 cc/m(2) p < 0.001). A significant reduction of systolic function (EF 61.6 % ± 9 vs 58.7 % ± 9 p = 0.04), of diastolic flow velocities (E/A 1.13 ± 0.37 vs. 0.87 ± 0.38 p < 0.001) and mitral annulus TDI tissue velocity (i.e. E' lat 10.6 ± 3 vs. 9.4 ± 3 cm/s; p 0.0001) were observed. Stroke work (SW) and LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDd) indexed to height 2.7(LVEDdi) were able to predict volume overload: cut off values of respectively 13.5 mm/m(2.7) for LVEDdi and 173 cJ for SW were able to predict with a specificity of 100 % the presence of a volemic overload of at least 4 %.
CONCLUSIONS: Blood pressure, cardiac morphology and function are significantly modified by acute volume depletion and such variations are strictly interrelated. SW and LVEDd/height(2.7) may identify ESRD patients carrying an higher volume load.
Alberto Milan; Eleonora Avenatti; Erika Della Valle; Ambra Fabbri; Agnese Ravera; Marco Pozzato; Giovanni Ferrari; Francesco Quarello; Franco Aprà; Franco Veglio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  High blood pressure & cardiovascular prevention : the official journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1179-1985     ISO Abbreviation:  High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421087     Medline TA:  High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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