Document Detail

Non-Bayesian Inference: Causal Structure Trumps Correlation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22734828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The study tests the hypothesis that conditional probability judgments can be influenced by causal links between the target event and the evidence even when the statistical relations among variables are held constant. Three experiments varied the causal structure relating three variables and found that (a) the target event was perceived as more probable when it was linked to evidence by a causal chain than when both variables shared a common cause; (b) predictive chains in which evidence is a cause of the hypothesis gave rise to higher judgments than diagnostic chains in which evidence is an effect of the hypothesis; and (c) direct chains gave rise to higher judgments than indirect chains. A Bayesian learning model was applied to our data but failed to explain them. An explanation-based hypothesis stating that statistical information will affect judgments only to the extent that it changes beliefs about causal structure is consistent with the results.
Bénédicte Bes; Steven Sloman; Christopher G Lucas; Eric Raufaste
Related Documents :
22005608 - Visiotracker, an innovative automated approach to oculomotor analysis.
22778428 - Recursive utility in a markov environment with stochastic growth.
22489608 - Sex differences in estimating multiple intelligences in self and others: a replication ...
22645568 - Model misinterpretation within biology: phenotypes, statistics, networks, and inference.
11784538 - Response time is more important than walking speed for the ability of older adults to a...
22028628 - A holistic approach to marine eco-systems biology.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognitive science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1551-6709     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708195     Medline TA:  Cogn Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Laboratoire CLLE-LTC, Université de Toulouse Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences, Brown University Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Observations Regarding the Immunogenicity of BDD-rFVIII Derived from a Mechanistic Personalized Medi...
Next Document:  Quantitative analysis of changes in blood concentrations and 'presumed effect-site concentration' of...