Document Detail

Nomenclature and classification of congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  465224     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
At present there is no universally accepted nomenclature for congenital cardiac malformations. Much of the controversy results from failure to distinguish the structural connections of the heart from the morphology and spatial relations of its components. The confusion is compounded by an abundance of individual definitions, many of them speculative. The present article proposes a totally descriptive nomenclature. It describes in turn the connections of the cardiac segments, their morphology, their relations, and additional anomalies in any segment. Each step in the segmental approach is discrete. The overall effect is to force a succinct and comprehensive description of any cardiac malformation, no matter how complex.
M J Tynan; A E Becker; F J Macartney; M Q Jiménez; E A Shinebourne; R H Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British heart journal     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0007-0769     ISO Abbreviation:  Br Heart J     Publication Date:  1979 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-10-17     Completed Date:  1979-10-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370634     Medline TA:  Br Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  544-53     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Vessels / pathology
Heart Atria / pathology
Heart Defects, Congenital / classification*,  pathology
Heart Ventricles / pathology
Terminology as Topic*

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