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Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) complicating oxaliplatin chemotherapy in patients undergoing resection of colorectal liver metastases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24370284     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (SOS) is well associated with the use oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, and represents a spectrum of hepatotoxicity, with nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) representing the most significant degree of injury. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of NRH in patients undergoing resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and to determine its impact on outcome.
METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2010, some 978 first primary liver resections were performed for CRLM. A prospectively maintained database was analysed to identify all patients with evidence of NRH in the non-tumour portion of their histopathology specimens. Clinical data of these patients was reviewed and outcomes assessed.
RESULTS: Five patients exhibited NRH (four males, one female) with a median age of 69 years (range: 35-74). Three patients presented with synchronous hepatic metastases, and two with metachronous lesions. All received at least 6 cycles of oxaliplatin as either adjuvant or neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Only one patient developed a post-operative complication namely transient hepatic failure that required a 4-day stay in the intensive care unit. The median hospital stay was 6 days (range: 6-14 days). There were no 90-day mortalities. One patient is alive and disease free at 55 months, the remaining 4 died of recurrent disease between 37 and 70 months following diagnosis of their primary tumours.
CONCLUSIONS: NRH is not an uncommon finding amongst patients with SOS with all patients having received oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Data on outcome would suggest no increased morbidity and mortality associated with the presence of NRH.
Authors:
G Morris-Stiff; A D White; D Gomez; I C Cameron; S Farid; G J Toogood; J P A Lodge; K R Prasad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2157     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Surg Oncol     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8504356     Medline TA:  Eur J Surg Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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