Document Detail


No third-party punishment in chimpanzees.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22927412     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Punishment can help maintain cooperation by deterring free-riding and cheating. Of particular importance in large-scale human societies is third-party punishment in which individuals punish a transgressor or norm violator even when they themselves are not affected. Nonhuman primates and other animals aggress against conspecifics with some regularity, but it is unclear whether this is ever aimed at punishing others for noncooperation, and whether third-party punishment occurs at all. Here we report an experimental study in which one of humans' closest living relatives, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), could punish an individual who stole food. Dominants retaliated when their own food was stolen, but they did not punish when the food of third-parties was stolen, even when the victim was related to them. Third-party punishment as a means of enforcing cooperation, as humans do, might therefore be a derived trait in the human lineage.
Authors:
Katrin Riedl; Keith Jensen; Josep Call; Michael Tomasello
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1091-6490     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-12     Completed Date:  2012-12-10     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14824-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Zoo*
Behavior, Animal / physiology*
Biological Evolution*
Linear Models
Pan troglodytes / physiology*
Punishment / psychology*
Social Behavior*
Video Recording
Comments/Corrections

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