Document Detail

No substantial reduction of the thermic effect of a meal during pregnancy in well-nourished Dutch women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8172864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To investigate changes in the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) during pregnancy, metabolic rate was measured in the fasting state and during the first 180 min after consumption of a standardized test meal in twenty-seven women before, and in each trimester of pregnancy. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) showed a steady increase over pregnancy: values in weeks 24 and 35 of pregnancy were significantly higher than the prepregnancy baseline (Tukey's studentized range test). The pattern of changes of postprandial metabolic rate (PPMR) was similar to that of RMR. Consequently TEM, calculated as PPMR minus RMR, did not change over pregnancy; mean TEM values (kJ/180 min) before and in weeks 13, 24 and 35 of pregnancy were 117.3 (SD 19.4), 116.4 (SD 23.7), 111.6 (SD 24.4) and 111.5 (SD 26.7) respectively. We consider changes in TEM of less than 15% to be of little importance physiologically. If true changes in TEM over pregnancy are 15% or more we would have had a 90% chance of observing significant changes in TEM in the present study, given the number of subjects and the methods used. Therefore, we conclude that no substantial reduction in TEM occurs during pregnancy.
C J Spaaij; J M van Raaij; L J Van der Heijden; F J Schouten; J J Drijvers; L C De Groot; H A Boekholt; J G Hautvast
Related Documents :
18297574 - Treating the mother--protecting the unborn: the safety of hypoglycemic drugs in pregnancy.
2262874 - Early prediction of fetal macrosomia in diabetes mellitus.
10968114 - A comparison between the pregnancy outcome of women with gestation diabetes treated wit...
23061694 - Trends in the use of antiepileptic drugs among pregnant women in the us, 2001-2007: a m...
24466134 - Angiopoietin-2 primes infection-induced preterm delivery.
12277014 - Pennsylvania: first trimester abortions must be covered by medicaid.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-07     Completed Date:  1994-06-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Basal Metabolism / physiology
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Eating / physiology*
Energy Metabolism / physiology
Nutritional Status
Pregnancy / metabolism*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Body composition and fat distribution during the first 2 weeks of gestation in ad lib.-fed and energ...
Next Document:  Utilization of ileal digestible amino acids by growing pigs: tryptophan.