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No firm association between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and percentage of pulmonary vascular obstruction in patients with acute pulmonary embolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21421260     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: High concentrations of N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are found in patients with right ventricular overload. Right ventricular overload may be the result of large perfusion defects in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). NT-proBNP levels are associated with poorer outcome in patients with acute PE. Likewise, the percentage of pulmonary vascular obstruction (PVO) has shown to be a prognostic parameter for outcome in PE-patients. We postulated that NT-proBNP is associated with the amount of perfusion defects, expressed as the PVO, on perfusion scintigraphy. METHODS: We included 85 consecutive patients in whom the diagnosis PE was confirmed by ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy. PVO was calculated in all patients. NT-proBNP concentrations were measured at presentation. We plotted the logarithm of NT-proBNP versus the PVO. The strength of the estimated association between NT-proBNP and the PVO was expressed by R2. RESULTS: Eighteen percent of the variation in PVO could be explained by NT-proBNP. A positive association becomes apparent for NT-proBNP values above 200pg/mL, with an increase in PVO of 6.3% (95% Confidence Interval 2.0 to 10.6), with every doubling of NT-proBNP. CONCLUSION: There is an association between NT-proBNP concentrations and PVO, although this relation is quite weak. Some patients with low NT-proBNP values can have a high PVO, which might be relevant for outcome. Therefore, we advise caution in risk stratification and not to focus on NT-proBNP, without involving the clinical condition.
Authors:
M J Agterof; R E G Schutgens; J F Verzijlbergen; M M C van Buul; E A M Tromp; M J C Eijkemans; R van der Griend; D H Biesma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Thrombosis research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-2472     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0326377     Medline TA:  Thromb Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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