Document Detail

No consensus exists on search reporting methods for systematic reviews.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18586178     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The reporting of the search methods used in systematic reviews has implications for how systematic reviews are critically appraised, their reproducibility and how easily they may be updated. The objective of this paper was to identify validated or evaluated search reporting instruments used in reporting systematic review searches and to compare reported and recommended searching practices. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This cohort study was a systematic review. The search strategy to identify instruments addressing the reporting of search strategies was developed first in the Library & Information Science Abstracts (LISAs) database and then adapted for MEDLINE and five additional databases. Additional instruments were identified through experts. Current reporting practice data were analyzed from a cohort of 297 recent systematic reviews. RESULTS: Of the 11 instruments examined, 7 cited supporting evidence but only 4 were validated. Eighteen different reporting items were identified but only one item, "databases used," appeared in all instruments. There was a trend toward including more items in more recent instruments (r=0.41). Current search reporting practices ranged from a high of 98.7% for databases used to a low of 11.4% for qualifications of the searcher. CONCLUSIONS: There is no clear consensus regarding optimum reporting of systematic review search methods and commonly recommended items show suboptimal reporting.
Margaret Sampson; Jessie McGowan; Jennifer Tetzlaff; Elise Cogo; David Moher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical epidemiology     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0895-4356     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-30     Completed Date:  2008-10-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801383     Medline TA:  J Clin Epidemiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  748-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Information Studies, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Databases, Bibliographic
Information Storage and Retrieval / methods*
Meta-Analysis as Topic
Publishing / standards
Reproducibility of Results
Review Literature as Topic*
Grant Support
MZ402054//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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