Document Detail


No change in weight-based teasing when school-based obesity policies are implemented.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18838646     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To examine rates of weight-based teasing before initiation of school-based childhood obesity prevention policies (Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003) and during the 2 years following policy implementation, as well as demographic factors related to weight-based teasing. DESIGN: Analysis of consecutive random cross-sectional statewide telephone surveys conducted annually across 3 years. SETTING: Sample representative of Arkansas public school students with stratification by geographic region, school level (elementary, middle, and high school), and school size (small, medium, and large). PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children enrolled in Arkansas public schools and index adolescents 14 years or older. Intervention Statewide school-based obesity policies, including body mass index screening. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survey items about weight-based teasing, other teasing, body weight and height, and sociodemographic factors, as well as school characteristics obtained from the Common Core of Data of the National Center for Education Statistics. RESULTS: At baseline, 14% of children experienced weight-based teasing by parental report. The prevalence of weight-based teasing did not change significantly from baseline in the 2 years following school-based policy changes. Children and adolescents most likely to be teased because of weight were those who were overweight, obese, white, female, and 14 years or older, as well as those teased for other reasons. Adolescent report of weight-based teasing yielded similar patterns. CONCLUSION: Although the effectiveness of school-based obesity prevention policies remains unclear, policy changes did not lead to increased weight-based teasing among children and adolescents.
Authors:
Rebecca A Krukowski; Delia Smith West; Nadia J Siddiqui; Zoran Bursac; Martha M Phillips; James M Raczynski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine     Volume:  162     ISSN:  1538-3628     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-07     Completed Date:  2008-11-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422751     Medline TA:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  936-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Fay W Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. RAKrukowski@uams.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior / psychology
Age Distribution
Agonistic Behavior*
Body Image
Body Mass Index
Child
Child Behavior
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Health Education / organization & administration
Humans
Incidence
Intervention Studies
Logistic Models
Male
Obesity / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*,  psychology
Odds Ratio
Peer Group*
Policy Making
Probability
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
School Health Services / organization & administration*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Sex Distribution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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