Document Detail


Nitrogen in fecal bacterial, fiber, and soluble fractions of patients with cirrhosis: effects of lactulose and lactulose plus neomycin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3611949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To determine how lactulose and lactulose plus neomycin might alter nitrogen metabolism in the colon we investigated the effect of these agents on the distribution of nitrogen in the bacterial, soluble, and fiber fractions of stool. The alterations in fecal nitrogen excretion were additionally correlated with changes in total body urea synthesis and degradation rates. Six patients with stable cirrhosis received a control diet alone followed by the administration of lactulose (56 +/- 6 gm/day), and eight similar patients received lactulose alone (63 +/- 5 gm/day) followed by the addition of neomycin (4 gm/day). Their feces were partitioned into individual fractions by physical separation. Lactulose administration increased nitrogen excreted in the bacterial fraction by 165% (from 0.52 +/- 0.14 gm/day to 1.38 +/- 0.21 gm/day) and by 135% in the soluble fraction (from 0.58 +/- 0.08 gm/day to 1.36 +/- 0.23 gm/day). When lactulose was supplemented with neomycin, the nitrogen content of the bacterial fraction decreased by 28%. Lactulose caused a 23% reduction in the urea production rate that was mainly accounted for by increase in fecal nitrogen excretion. The addition of neomycin caused a further reduction in urea production that was explained by an inhibition of urea degradation. These results demonstrate that a major effect of lactulose was to augment the incorporation of nitrogen into fecal bacteria although nitrogen in the soluble fraction also increased. The additional nitrogen excreted in the fecal bacterial and soluble fractions caused a reduction in urea synthesis.
Authors:
F L Weber; J G Banwell; K M Fresard; J H Cummings
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0022-2143     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Lab. Clin. Med.     Publication Date:  1987 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-09-24     Completed Date:  1987-09-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375375     Medline TA:  J Lab Clin Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  259-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Ammonia / metabolism
Bacteria / growth & development,  metabolism*
Disaccharides / pharmacology*
Feces / metabolism*,  microbiology
Gastrointestinal Motility
Humans
Lactulose / pharmacology*
Male
Middle Aged
Neomycin / pharmacology*
Nitrogen / metabolism*
Urea / urine
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MO1 RR00080-22/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Disaccharides; 1404-04-2/Neomycin; 4618-18-2/Lactulose; 57-13-6/Urea; 7664-41-7/Ammonia; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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