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Nitrogen-Doped Graphene-Rich Catalysts Derived from Heteroatom Polymers for Oxygen-Reduction in Nonaqueous Lithium-O2 Battery Cathodes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23036092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this work, we present a synthesis approach for nitrogen-doped graphene-sheet-like nanostructures via the graphitization of a heteroatom polymer, in particular polyaniline, under the catalysis of a cobalt species using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) as a supporting template. The graphene-rich composite catalysts (Co-N-MWNTs) exhibit substantially improved activity for oxygen reduction in nonaqueous lithium ion electrolyte as compared to those of currently-used carbon blacks and Pt/carbon catalysts, evidenced by both rotating disk electrode and Li-O2 battery experiments. The synthesis-structure-activity correlations for the graphene nanostructures were explored by tuning their synthetic chemistry (support, nitrogen precursor, heating temperature, and transition metal type and content) to investigate how the resulting morphology and nitrogen doping functionalities (e.g., pyridinic, pyrrolic, and quaternary) influence the catalyst activity. In particular, an optimal temperature for heat treatment during synthesis is critical to creating a high-surface-area catalyst with favorable nitrogen doping. The sole Co phase, Co9S8, was present in the catalyst, but plays a negligible role in ORR. Nevertheless, the addition of Co species in the synthesis is indispensable for achieving high activity, due to its effects on the final catalyst morphology and structure, including surface area, nitrogen doping, and graphene formation. This new route for the preparation of nitrogen-doped graphene nanocomposite with carbon nanotube offers synthetic control of morphology and nitrogen functionality, and shows promise for applications in nonaqueous oxygen-reduction electrocatalysis for Li-O2 battery cathodes.
Authors:
Gang Wu; Nathan H Mack; Wei Gao; Shuguo Ma; Ruiqin Zhong; Jiantao Han; Jon K Baldwin; Piotr Zelenay
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  ACS nano     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-086X     ISO Abbreviation:  ACS Nano     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101313589     Medline TA:  ACS Nano     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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