Document Detail

Nipple migration in a pig using the technique of serial excision.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16043144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Moving a misplaced nipple-areola complex (NAC) without causing additional scarring has proved to be difficult, especially if it is to be moved medially, laterally or inferiorly. This study investigated the possibility of migrating the NAC without leaving additional scarring by using the technique of serial excision. Two adult female pigs were used. Three pairs of pseudo-areolas of similar size were tattooed around a teat in each pig. Crescentic serial excisions of skin were undertaken at 2 weekly intervals on the upper and middle pairs of pseudo-areolas in each pig and the lower pairs were left as controls. The crescentic excision on the upper set of nipples consisted of skin only. The crescentic excision on the middle set of nipples consisted of 75% skin and 25% tattooed pseudo-areola. Results showed that nipple migration by serial excision is possible. However, each set of nipple pseudo-areola complex (NPAC) behaved differently. When skin only was excised, the NPAC's became distorted and enlarged but when skin and areola was excised, the NPAC maintained its dimensions. Taking our findings into account, an approach to moving a misplaced NAC using this technique in the clinical situation is described. Its use to move a misplaced NAC in two women is demonstrated.
E Christofides; A Potgieter; L Chait
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of plastic surgery     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0007-1226     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Plast Surg     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-23     Completed Date:  2005-12-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984714R     Medline TA:  Br J Plast Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  908-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Disease Models, Animal
Mammaplasty / adverse effects,  methods*
Mastectomy / adverse effects
Nipples / pathology,  surgery*
Skin / surgery
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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