Document Detail


Nine-month-old infants generalize object labels, but not object preferences across individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22925512     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
As with all culturally relevant human behaviours, words are meaningful because they are shared by the members of a community. This research investigates whether 9-month-old infants understand this fundamental fact about language. Experiment 1 examined whether infants who are trained on, and subsequently habituated to, a new word-referent link expect the link to be consistent across a second speaker. Experiment 2 examined whether 9-month-old infants distinguish between behaviours that are shared across individuals (i.e. words) from those that are not (i.e. object preferences). The present findings indicate that infants as young as 9 months of age expect new word-referent links, but not object preferences, to be consistent across individuals. Thus, by 9 months, infants have identified at least one of the aspects of human behaviour that is shared across individuals within a community. The implications for children's acquisition of language and culture are discussed.
Authors:
Annette M E Henderson; Amanda L Woodward
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-06-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental science     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1467-7687     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Sci     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-28     Completed Date:  2013-02-08     Revised Date:  2013-09-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814574     Medline TA:  Dev Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, The University of Auckland, New Zealand. a.henderson@auckland.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Behavior
Concept Formation*
Culture
Female
Habituation, Psychophysiologic
Humans
Infant
Language
Language Development*
Male
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD035707-07/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD035707A/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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