Document Detail


Nicotine, cigarette smoking and cardiac arrhythmia: an overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21613318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tobacco smoke is the single most important modifiable risk factor for coronary diseases and the leading preventable causes of death in the US. While the effect of cigarette smoking on the progression of atherosclerotic diseases is established and well studied, the role of cigarette smoking on cardiac arrhythmia is less clearly defined. In fact the pathophysiological mechanism of cigarette smoking-induced cardiac arrhythmia is very likely a complex one where the pro-fibrotic effect of nicotine on myocardial tissue with consequent increased susceptibility to catecholamine might play a role. Moreover, other constituents of cigarette smoking, such as carbon monoxide and oxidative stress, are likely to contribute to the generation of arrhythmias. Finally, cigarette smoking may induce coronary artery disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which also might cause arrhythmia independently. The objective of this paper is to summarize the published studies relating to cardiac arrhythmia induced by cigarette smoking, and to identify a pathophysiological mechanism by which cigarette smoking might induce cardiac arrhythmia.
Authors:
Alessandra D'Alessandro; Irina Boeckelmann; Matthias Hammwhöner; Andreas Goette
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1741-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg, Section of Occupational Medicine, Magdeburg, Germany.
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