Document Detail


Newer methods of cardiac output monitoring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25276302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cardiac output (CO) is the volume of blood ejected by each ventricle per minute and is the product of stroke volume and heart rate. CO can thus be manipulated by alteration in heart rate or rhythm, preload, contractility and afterload. Moreover it gives important information about tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery. CO can be measured by various methods and thermodilution method using pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) is till date considered as gold standard method. Complications associated with PAC led to development of newer methods which are minimally or non-invasive. Newer methods fulfil other properties like continuous and reproducible reading, cost effective, reliable during various physiological states and have fast response time. These methods are validated against the gold standard with good level agreement. In this review we have discussed various newer methods of CO monitoring and their effectiveness in clinical use.
Authors:
Yatin Mehta; Dheeraj Arora
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of cardiology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1949-8462     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-03     Completed Date:  2014-10-03     Revised Date:  2014-10-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101537090     Medline TA:  World J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1022-9     Citation Subset:  -    
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