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New species and distributional records of Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from Ontario, Canada, with a checklist of recorded species.
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PMID:  22577320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
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The Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) of Ontario were reviewed in the context of recently studied material, primarily from insect surveys conducted by the University of Guelph Insect Collection (Ontario, Canada). Aleochara daviesi Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Agaricomorpha websteri Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Atheta (Microdota) alesi Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Dinaraea backusensis Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., and Strigota obscurata Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. are described as new to science. We also report 47 new Ontario records and 24 new Canadian records. Callicerus rigidicornis (Erichson) and Alevonota gracilenta (Erichson) are newly reported from North America as adventive species. A checklist, with Canadian distributions by province, of the 224 species of Aleocharinae known from Ontario is given. The following species are placed in subjective synonymy with Dexiogyia angustiventris (Casey): (Dexiogyia asperata (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia abscissa (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia tenuicauda (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia intenta (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia alticola (Casey) syn. n.). The following species are placed in subjective synonymy with Acrotona subpygmaea (Bernhauer): (Acrotona avia (Casey) syn. n., Acrotona puritana (Casey) syn. n.). Lectotypes are designated for Thiasophila angustiventris Casey, Thiasophila asperata Casey, Ischnoglossa intenta Casey, Oxypoda rubescans Casey, Chilopora americana Casey, Chilopora fuliginosa Casey, Coprothassa smithi Casey, Atheta subpygmaea Bernhauer, Colpodota puritana Casey, Strigota seducens Casey, Trichiusa compacta Casey, Trichiusa hirsuta Casey and Trichiusa robustula Casey.
Authors:
Adam J Brunke; Jan Klimaszewski; Julie-Anne Dorval; Caroline Bourdon; Steven M Paiero; Stephen A Marshall
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-04-26
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Title:  ZooKeys     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1313-2970     ISO Abbreviation:  Zookeys     Publication Date:  2012  
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Created Date:  2012-05-11     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
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Nlm Unique ID:  101497933     Medline TA:  Zookeys     Country:  Bulgaria    
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Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-206     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Zoological Museum (Natural History Museum of Denmark), 15 Universitetsparken, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, DK 2100.
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Journal ID (nlm-ta): Zookeys
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Journal ID (publisher-id): ZooKeys
ISSN: 1313-2989
ISSN: 1313-2970
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urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4965AC0D-03B2-456B-BB3A-5BF652424067Adam J. Brunke, Jan Klimaszewski, Julie-Anne Dorval, Caroline Bourdon, Steven M. Paiero, Stephen A. Marshall
creative-commons-attribution:
Received Day: 15 Month: 2 Year: 2011
Accepted Day: 4 Month: 4 Year: 2012
collection publication date: Year: 2012
Electronic publication date: Day: 26 Month: 4 Year: 2012
Issue: 186
First Page: 119 Last Page: 206
ID: 3349194
PubMed Id: 22577320
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.186.2947

New species and distributional records of Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from Ontario, Canada, with a checklist of recorded species
Adam J. Brunke1 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:8AEFAA65-7FA7-422C-86ED-5CD4FE611985
Jan Klimaszewski2 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:75880C14-430B-45F6-8B6D-840428F3FF37
Julie-Anne Dorval3 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:BBA52B7C-7FC7-449D-8CB6-45AD70B65805
Caroline Bourdon2 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:BF4FC97D-284F-449E-9D6A-836846CCBFE6
Steven M. Paiero4 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:B172670C-2159-4D6B-9542-53406F315DC7
Stephen A. Marshall4 urn:lsid:zoobank.org:author:6C1C1C9E-365F-48BF-B8C7-31163EC5F3A7
1Zoological Museum (Natural History Museum of Denmark), 15 Universitetsparken, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, DK 2100
2Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., P.O. Box 10380, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Québec, Quebec, Canada G1V 4C7
3Cégep de Sainte-Foy, 2410, chemin Sainte-Foy, Québec, Quebec, Canada G1V 1T3
4University of Guelph Insect Collection and Insect Systematics Laboratory, 1216 Edmund C. Bovey Building, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada
Correspondence: Corresponding author: Adam J. Brunke (adam.j.brunke@gmail.com)
[edited-by] Academic editor: Lyubomir Penev

Introduction

Over the past ten years, the [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] ([taxon-name: Coleoptera]: [taxon-name: Staphylinidae]) have been one of the most active areas of beetle systematics research in Canada (see references in Gouix and Klimaszewski (2007)), yet knowledge of their true diversity is still rather fragmentary. Focused studies on the aleocharine fauna of the Maritime Provinces of Canada (e.g. Majka and Klimaszewski 2008a; Webster et al. 2009; Majka and Klimaszewski 2010), Newfoundland (Klimaszewski et al. 2011) and Yukon Territory (Klimaszewski et al. 2008a; Klimaszewski et al. 2012) have resulted in the discovery of many new species and have approximately doubled (Maritimes, Yukon) or more than quadrupled (Newfoundland) the known diversity in these areas since the publication of the most recent catalog of Canadian [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] (Gouix and Klimaszewski 2007).

The aleocharine fauna of Ontario was summarized by Campbell and Davies (1991) (60 species) and updated by Gouix and Klimaszewski (2007) (108 species). Since then, revisions and faunistic studies of Canadian [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] have raised that total to its current state at 146 species. Recently we have had the opportunity to study new material from Ontario made available through biodiversity surveys by the University of Guelph Insect Collection, and select material deposited in other collections. We herein report the discovery of several new species, the taxonomic or diagnostic clarification of others and new records for Ontario, Canada and North America. Photographs of the habitus, genitalia and other relevant characters are provided to aid in their identification.


Materials and methods

Specimens were examined using Wild Heerbrugg M5A and Nikon SMZ 1000 stereomicroscopes, and nearly all were dissected to examine features of the genitalia. In many cases, tergite and sternite 8 were also examined. These structures were dehydrated in absolute alcohol and mounted in Canada balsam on celluloid microslides and pinned with the specimens from which they originated. Photographs were taken using an image processing system (Nikon SMZ 1500 stereoscopic microscope, Nikon Digital Camera DXM 1200F, and Adobe Photoshop software). Habitus photographs of all included species are provided, while genitalia are illustrated only for those species whose genitalia have not been shown in recent publications. Maps of each species’ distribution in Ontario, Canada were prepared using ARC MAP and Adobe Photoshop. In the species accounts, distributions are given by province or state (Canada, U.S.A.) or by country (elsewhere). These territories are abbreviated using Canada Post and United States Postal Service standards.

Morphological terminology mainly follows that used by Seevers (1978) and Ashe in Newton et al. (2000). The ventral (=parameral) part of the median lobe of the aedeagus is considered to be the part of the bulbus containing the foramen mediale, the entrance of the ductus ejaculatorius, and the adjacent venter of the tubus; the opposite side is referred to as the dorsal (=abparameral) part.

Material was examined from the following collections:

CNC Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

DEBU University of Guelph Insect Collection, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

FMNH Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, Illinois, USA

LFC Laurentian Forestry Centre, Quebec, Quebec, Canada

MZLU Museum of Lund University, Lund, Sweden

NMNH National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA

ZMB Museum für Naturkunde, Invalidenstrasse 43, 10115, Berlin, Germany

ZMUC Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

RWC Reginald Webster Collection, Charters Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada

Additionally, distributions of species included in this account were kindly checked by A. Davies (CNC) against his database of Canadian [taxon-name: Staphylinidae] to be published in the upcoming second edition of the ‘Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska’ (Davies in Bousquet et al. in prep.). Distributions marked herein with an asterisk (*) represent records based entirely on these data. In the species accounts, the number of specimens for each collection event is given directly preceding the collection abbreviation in brackets. Where appropriate, short discussions pertaining to individual species are given in the species accounts under ‘comments’. We follow the higher taxonomic organization of Ashe in Newton et al. (2000) with changes reflected in Gouix and Klimaszewski (2007) and Paśnik (2010).


Results

As a result of the present study we recognize 224 species of [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] in Ontario. A checklist by tribe of all known Ontario [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] species and their distributions in Canada is given in Table 1. [taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., [taxon-name: Atheta (Microdota) alesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., [taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp.n., and [taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. are described as new to science. Twenty-four species are newly recorded from Canada, 47 species are newly recorded from Ontario, and the Palaearctic species [taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] (Erichson, 1839) and [taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] (Erichson, 1839) are newly reported as introduced to North America. The genera [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha] Ashe, 1984, [taxon-name: Alevonota] Thomson, 1858, [taxon-name: Callicerus] Gravenhorst, 1802, [taxon-name: Dexiogyia] Thomson, 1858, [taxon-name: Phanerota]Casey 1906, [taxon-name: Stethusa] Casey, 1910 and [taxon-name: Thecturota] Casey, 1894 are new for the Canadian fauna.


Systematic account of new species and distributional records
Tribe [taxon-name: Deinopsini] Sharp, 1883
[taxon-name[genus: Deinopsis][species: illinoisensis]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski, 1979][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Deinopsis_illinoisensis

Fig. 1Map 1, genitalia in Klimaszewski (1979)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Chatham-Kent Co.,Wheatley Provincial Park, treading at waters edge, 23.vii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 4 (DEBU); Elgin Co., Newport Forest, ~3km SW of Wardsville, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°37'52"N, 81°46'43"W,] 30.vii.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: CT, FL, IL, KY, LA, MA, MI, MS, OK, PA, TX (Klimaszewski 1979, Klimaszewski 1982a, Klimaszewski and Génier 1985, Klimaszewski and Frank 1992a). Native.

Tribe [taxon-name: Aleocharini] Fleming, 1821
[taxon-name: [genus: Aleochara][subgenus: (Echochara) ][species: daviesi]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Brunke][taxon-status: sp. n.]

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:F542DCE5-7DB7-4F47-B16A-65C6189899D4

http://species-id.net/wiki/Aleochara_daviesi

Figs 280–82Map 2

Type locality.

Canada, Ontario, Haldimand-Norfolk Reg., 6 km W of Saint Williams, Backus Woods, slough forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'7"N, 80°29'34"W].

Type material.

Holotype (male): CANADA, ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Backus Woods, North Block, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'7"N, 80°29'34"W,] 23.iv.2011, Brunke & Marshall, debu00340040 (DEBU).

Diagnosis.

Distinguished from other [taxon-name: Aleochara] by the following combination of characters: antennomere 4 subquadrate and 5–10 slightly transverse (Fig. 2); eyes extremely large, protruding laterally and close to frontal margin, postocular area of head about as large as eye in lateral view, postocular carina strong and complete; pronotum slightly transverse, with basal margin arcuate; elytra slightly longer than pronotum; abdomen subparallel for most of its length; basal metatarsomere slightly longer than the following tarsomere, tarsal claws exceptionally large, narrowly elongate; median lobe of aedeagus with large and narrowly elongate crista apicalis, tubus in lateral view swollen ventrally and sharply produced apically (Fig. 80). [taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] is very similar externally to the western North American [taxon-name: Aleochara lobata] Klimaszewski from which it may be readily distinguished by the shape of the median lobe.

Description

. Body length 4.9 mm; black with legs, elytra (except narrowly at base) and abdominal tergites VII and VIII, rust brown; punctation of forebody coarse, dense and flattened, interspaces between punctures with fine meshed microsculpture (Fig. 2); head broadest apically with very short frons and with strong and complete postocular carina, pubescence of dorsal surface directed toward midline of disc, eyes extremely large, protruding laterally, and close to frontal margin of head, postocular area about as long as eye; antennae with antennomeres 1–3 elongate, antennomere 4 subquadrate and 5–10 slightly transverse; pronotum slightly transverse, shorter than elytra, pubescence directed obliquely posteriad from midline of disc, punctation flattened and forming transversely impressed line at base of disc; elytra with posterior margin nearly straight with slight lateral emargination, pubescence directed lateroposteriad from suture; abdomen subparallel for most of its length, tergites II-IV with deep and V with shallow impression, impressions with dense punctures separated from each other by a distance equal to or less than diameter of a puncture, punctures often touching; basal metatarsomere slightly longer than the following segment; tarsal claws exceptionally large, elongate and with surface smooth.

Male. Tergite 8 bicolored, dark brown/black basally and yellowish apically, truncate apically and with margin slightly crenulate (Fig. 81); sternite eight produced apically (Fig. 82); median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with large and elongate bulbus produced ventrally at base, crista apicalis narrowly elongate and large, tubus swollen ventrally and sharply produced apically (Fig. 80).

Female: Unknown.

Distribution.

Presently known only from Backus Woods, an old growth deciduous forest in southern Ontario. [taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] almost certainly occurs in the eastern United States and elsewhere in southern Canada.

Bionomics.

The holotype was collected by submerging forest litter near the margins of forest pools (some permanent). Other members of the subgenus [taxon-name: Echochara] are inhabitants of mammal burrows or caves (Klimaszewski 1984). As there are no cave systems at the type locality, we suspect that [taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] occurs in the former situation. Although the staphylinids occurring in groundhog ([taxon-name: Marmota monax] (L.)) burrows have been sampled (Klimaszewski 1984, Smetana 1971, Smetana 1995, this paper) the fauna in burrows/nests of other mammals in eastern North America is essentially unknown. Future survey work in the nests of Nearctic moles, shrews and rodents is warranted.

Etymology.

This species is dedicated to our colleague Anthony Davies (CNC, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) in recognition of his contribution to the knowledge of Canadian [taxon-name: Staphylinidae] and in appreciation of his assistance over the years in specimen loans, distributional records and curatorial matters, especially those relevant for this project.

[taxon-name[genus: Aleochara][subgenus: (Aleochara) ][species: lustrica]]

[taxon-authority: Say, 1832][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Aleochara_lustrica

Fig. 3Map 3, genitalia in Klimaszewski (1984)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Simcoe Co., Midhurst, 28.ix.2008, carrion, forest nr. Neretva St., A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: AL, AZ, AR, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MA, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV, WI.Also known from Mexico and South America (Trinidad and Tobago) (Klimaszewski 1984, Klimaszewski and Génier 1987, Klimaszewski and Frank 1992c). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Aleochara][subgenus: (Xenochara) ][species: tristis]]

[taxon-authority: Gravenhorst, 1806][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Aleochara_tristis

Fig. 4Map 4, genitalia in Klimaszewski (1984)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Wellington Co., Guelph, field, 20.ix.1984, Brian Wisenden, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NL; USA: CA, MN, NE, PA, VT. Widespread in Palaearctic, Oriental and Afrotropical Regions (Horion 1967; Moore and Legner 1975; Klimaszewski 1984; Klimaszewski and Cervenka 1986; Byers et al. 2000; Smetana 2004; Klimaszewski et al. 2005b; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Adventive in Canada.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Aleochara tristis] was intentionally released in the United States in 1965 to control populations of Face Fly ([taxon-name: Musca autumnalis] DeGeer), a nuisance pest of and disease vector for livestock, which breeds in their dung (Jones 1967). In terms of biological control, the introduction appears to be a failure as this species is rarely collected and only as singletons. However, it is most certainly established in northeastern North America at low densities (Klimaszewski et al. 2005b, this study).

[taxon-name[genus: Tinotus][species: trisectus]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Tinotus_trisectus

Fig. 5Map 5, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2002)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Bruce Co., Port Elgin, 15.vii.1980, P.F. Karrow, 1 (DEBU); Chatham-Kent Co., Glencoe, carrot field, pitfall, 17.v.2007, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W,] savannah, at lights, 5.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Wellington Co., Guelph, Victoria Rd. & Conservation Line, soybean field, pitfall, 4.viii.2009, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU), Guelph, woodland edge, 9.x.1991, C.S. Blanev, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: AZ, CA, ID, NY, OR, PA, TN (Klimaszewski et al. 2002; Gusarov 2003a). Native.

Comments.

This species may be distinguished from all eastern [taxon-name: Tinotus] but [taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] based on the combination of reddish body and elytra with short, bristle-like setae that are directed obliquely laterad (Klimaszewski et al. 2002). The aedeagi and spermathecae of [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] and [taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] are extremely similar and there was previously some doubt whether these two species were distinct due to the limited available material of [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] (Klimaszewski et al. 2002). Gusarov (2003a) also followed this concept of the two species, corrected a synonymy and provided additional records for [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus]. After examination of Ontario specimens of [taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] and [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] we provide further evidence to maintain the status of these species based on the following consistent and unambiguous differences: internal sac of aedeagus of [taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] with lower sclerite hooked ventrally in lateral view, not hooked in [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus]; in both sexes, antennomere III of [taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] strongly flattened and broadened in lateral view, cylindrical in [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus]; elytral suture of [taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] slightly but distinctly shorter than length of pronotum at midline, approximately the same length or longer in [taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus].

[taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] appears to prefer open habitats including woodland edges, agricultural fields and oak savannah. Previously, nothing was known about its habitat associations. This species is probably broadly distributed across North America, reaching its northern limit in southern Canada.

Tribe [taxon-name: Hoplandriini] Casey, 1910
[taxon-name[genus: Hoplandria][species: klimaszewskii]]

[taxon-authority: Génier, 1989][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Hoplandria_klimaszewskii

Fig. 6Map 6, genitalia in Génier (1989)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Essex Co., Windsor, Ojibway Prairie, unburnt forest, yellow pans, 19 to 22.vi.2001, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, at lights, 20.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, malaise pans, 15.vi to 5.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC; USA: AR, DC, FL, IL, MD, NJ, NY, NC, VA, WV (Génier 1989). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Hoplandria][species: laevicollis]]

[taxon-authority: (Notman, 1920)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Hoplandria_laevicollis

Fig. 7Map 7, genitalia in Génier (1989)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Algoma Distr., Hilton Beach, hardwood forest and field, malaise, 14 to 17.vii.1987, F.W. & J.H. Swann, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC; USA: DC, FL, GA, LA, NC, NJ, NY, VA (Génier 1989). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Hoplandria][species: laeviventris]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1910][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Hoplandria_laeviventris

Fig. 8Map 8, genitalia in Génier (1989)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Chatham-Kent Co., Rondeau Prov. Park, int. tr. 4 (=intercept trap 4), in a white pine stand, 2.vi to 6.vi.1985, L. LeSage & A. Smetana, 1 (CNC); Elgin Co., Orwell, 15.vi.1978, J.M. Cumming, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: AL, AR, CT, DC, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, NJ, NY, NC, OH, PA, TN, TX, VA, WV (Génier 1989). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Platandria][species: carolinae]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1910][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Platandria_carolinae

Fig. 9Map 9, genitalia in Génier and Klimaszewski (1986)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Lincoln Co., Short Hills, Wildlife Pres., 1 mi E of N. Pelham, flowers of ‘Cornis florida’ L., 5.vi.1973, H. Frania, 2 (CNC).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: DC, GA, IL, IN, IA, KA, LA, NE, NJ, NC, PA, TN, VA (Génier and Klimaszewski 1986). Native.

Comments.

This is the only eastern species of [taxon-name: Platandria] (Génier and Klimaszewski 1986) and the first record of this species for Canada. Hanley (2003) reported [taxon-name: Platandria] from Canada (Ontario) for the first time in a summary of its general distribution but without locality information. Little is known about the biology of [taxon-name: Platandria] except that they are associated with the flowers of various shrubs (Ashe in Newton et al. 2000), despite an older account of an association with fungi (Blatchley 1910). The above specimens were collected in the flowers of Flowering Dogwood, a species confined in Canada to the Carolinian region of southern Ontario. As far as known, [taxon-name: Platandria carolinae] is similarly distributed in Canada, possibly indicating a staphylinid-plant association though this species was not among the assemblage of [taxon-name: Coleoptera] found on Flowering Dogwood by Rhoades et al. (2011) in Tennessee.

Tribe [taxon-name: Oxypodini] Thomson, 1859
[taxon-name[genus: Amarochara][species: brevios]]

[taxon-authority: Assing, 2002][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Amarochara_brevios

Fig. 10Map 10, genitalia in Assing (2002)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Huron Co.,Auburn, hedgerow, pitfall trap, 26.v.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Auburn, soybean field, 23.vi.2010, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 7.vii.2010, 1 (DEBU), 4.viii.2010, 3 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: KS (Assing 2002). Native.

Comments.

This species is distinguished from other Nearctic [taxon-name: Amarochara] based on the extremely dense punctation of the abdominal tergites, weak microsculpture of the forebody and shape of the median lobe of the aedeagus in lateral view.

[taxon-name: Amarochara brevios] was previously known only from the holotype collected in Kansas via flight intercept trap. Here, we report this species from Ontario, Canada based on numerous specimens collected using pitfall and raised pan traps in soybean fields (only 6 specimens kept as vouchers). While [taxon-name: Amarochara inquilina] (Casey) and [taxon-name: Amarochara formicina] Assing are associated with mound-building [taxon-name: Formica] ants, other species of the genus appear to be general inhabitants of decaying litter and only occasionally inhabit ant nests (Assing 2002). Currently nothing is known about the habitat preferences of other Nearctic [taxon-name: Amarochara]. Based on recent collections of [taxon-name: Amarochara] in Canada (Assing 2007, Webster et al. 2009; this study), species of this genus are poorly collected but widespread across eastern North America and all four Nearctic species are now reported from Canada (see below).

[taxon-name[genus: Amarochara][species: fenyesi]]

[taxon-authority: Blatchley, 1910][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Amarochara_fenyesi

Fig. 11Map 11, genitalia in Assing (2002)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg.,Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] low forest, malaise pans, 5 to 17.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] ridge forest, malaise pans, 17.viii to 1.ix.2011, 1 (DEBU), [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] ridge forest, malaise pans, 1.ix to 20.ix.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU; Northumberland Co.,Peter's Woods Prov. Nat. Res., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, malaise pans, backwoods, 19.v to 1.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: front woods, 16 to 27.vi.2011, 1 (DEBU), 12 to 26.vii.2011, 1 (DEBU), 12 to 26.viii.2011, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: GA, IN, KS (Assing 2002). Native.

Comments.

This species can by distinguished from other Nearctic [taxon-name: Amarochara] by the following combination of characters: head and pronotum with weak microsculpture; first segment of metatarsus about as long as second to fourth segments combined; punctation of abdominal tergites sparse (Assing 2002, 2007). The shape of the median lobe of the aedeagus is also distinctive in lateral view.

All specimens of this species with collection data were collected in forested reserves using flight intercept traps (Assing 2002, this study) but nothing further is known about its biology.

[taxon-name[genus: Crataraea][species: suturalis]]

[taxon-authority: (Mannerheim, 1830)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Crataraea_suturalis

Fig. 12Map 12, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2007a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Barr property, 7 km NE Centreton, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'40"N, 77°58'57"W,] savannah, malaise pans, 16 to 27.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: BC, SK, ON, NB, NS, NL; USA: CA, IA, IL, IN, MA, MO, PA, SC, VA, VT; widespread in Palaearctic (Moore and Legner 1975; Seevers 1978; Downie and Arnett 1996; Smetana 2004; Klimaszewski and Majka 2007a; Webster et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Adventive in Canada.

[taxon-name[genus: Dexiogyia][species: angustiventris]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1894)]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Dexiogyia_angustiventris

Figs 1383–89Map 13

  • [taxon-name: Thiasophila angustiventris][comment: Casey, 1894: 303; 1911: 16. Lectotype (male). Iowa; angustiventris-3, paratype NMNH 39754; Casey bequest 1925; male; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH). Paralectotypes: Iowa; Type NMNH 39754; Casey bequest 192 (NMNH) 1 female [dissected, missing spermatheca]; Iowa; angustiventris-2, paratype NMNH 39754; Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) 1 female [undissected].]
  • [taxon-name: Thiasophila asperata][comment: Casey, 1894: 303 syn. n.. Lectotype (female). California; [taxon-name: Thiasophila asperata] Casey; Type NMNH 39757; Casey bequest 1925; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH) [dissected].]
  • [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa abscissa][comment: Casey, 1911: 16 syn. n.. Holotype (male). Rhode Island (Boston Neck in orig. descr.); male; [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa abscissa] Casey; Type NMNH 39753, Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) [dissected].]
  • [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa tenuicauda][comment: Casey, 1911: 17 syn. n.. Holotype (male). Florida; male; [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa tenuicauda] Casey; Type NMNH 39755, Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) [dissected].]
  • [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa intenta][comment: Casey, 1911: 17 syn. n.. Lectotype (male). Iowa, Iowa City, Wickham; intenta Casey; Type NMNH 39756, Casey bequest 1925; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH), [dissected].]
  • [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa alticola][comment: Casey, 1911: 18 syn. n.. Holotype (female). California (Truckee in orig. descr.);alticola Casey;Type NMNH 39758; Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) [dissected, missing spermatheca].]
  • [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris][comment: (Casey); Seevers 1978: 68 (as ‘anguliventris’). New Canadian Record]
Material examined.

(Type material – see above). CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller prop., 6 km W St Williams, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] forest, malaise pans, 17.v to 31.v.2011, A. Brunke & S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU) same data except: 31.v. to 15.vi; Cronmiller prop., 6 km W St Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, 5.vii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Lambton Co.,Pinery Prov. Pk., under white pine bark, 17.iv.2010, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: CA, FL, IA, RI. Native.

Comments.

All North American species of [taxon-name: Dexiogyia] were described by Casey (1894, 1911) (as [taxon-name: Thiasophila] and [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa]) and differentiated based on slight differences in body proportions, punctation, pubescence and color. An examination of the relevant types revealed no differences between them in their aedeagi or spermathecae and slight differences in external morphology, which were attributed to intraspecific variation. Therefore, [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] was selected as the valid name for this species based on its appearance before [taxon-name: Dexiogyia asperata] (Casey) in Casey (1894), and [taxon-name: Dexiogyia asperata] (Casey) syn. n., [taxon-name: Dexiogyia abscissa] (Casey) syn. n., [taxon-name: Dexiogyia tenuicauda] (Casey) syn. n., [taxon-name: Dexiogyia intenta] (Casey) syn. n.and [taxon-name: Dexiogyia alticola] (Casey) syn. n.are here placed in synonymy with [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] (Casey). To provide nomenclatural stability we have selected and designated lectotypes for [taxon-name: Thiasophila angustiventris] Casey, [taxon-name: Thiasophila asperata] Casey and [taxon-name: Ischnoglossa intenta] Casey. Additionally, one non-type specimen (Iowa, male) of [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] and five non-type specimens in Casey’s collection (NMNH) of [taxon-name: Dexiogyia alticola] (California, Siskiou Co., 3 females, 1 male, 1 sex?) were examined.

Seevers (1978) noted that the European species [taxon-name: Dexiogyia corticina] (Erichson) was probably distinct from [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] based on the longer and shaper teeth on male tergite 8 in the latter species. After examination of dissected specimens of [taxon-name: Dexiogyia corticina] from Leipzig, Saxonia, Germany (ZMB), we consider both as valid but extremely similar species. [taxon-name: Dexiogyia corticina] may be distinguished from the Nearctic [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] based on the tubus of the median lobe with a ventral swelling in lateral view (straight in [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] (Fig. 84) and the shorter, obtuse teeth of male tergite 8 (Fig. 85).

[taxon-name: Dexiogyia] has been associated with subcortical microhabitats, especially those of pine and in the ‘burrows of wood-boring beetles’ (Seevers 1978). This is the first record of the genus from Canada and due to its association with pine (Seevers 1978), we suspect this species to be transcontinental in Canada.

[taxon-name[genus: Ilyobates][species: bennetti]]

[taxon-authority: Donisthorpe, 1914][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Ilyobates_bennetti

Fig. 14Map 14, genitalia in Assing (1999)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Waterloo Reg.,Blair, hedgerow, pitfall trap, 5.v.2009, A. Brunke, 5 (DEBU), same data except: 19.v.2009, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NS; widespread in Palaearctic (Assing 1999; Smetana 2004; Majka and Klimaszewski 2008b; Webster et al. 2009). Adventive in Canada.

[taxon-name[genus: Ocyusa][species: canadensis]]

[taxon-authority: Lohse, 1990][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Ocyusa_canadensis

Fig. 15Map 15, genitalia in Lohse et al. (1990)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Timiskaming Distr., 52 mi S of Armstrong, 27.vi.1973, R. Parry & J.M. Campbell, 7 (CNC).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON; USA: AK (Lohse et al. 1990). Native.

Comments.

The specimens from boreal Ontario represent the first record of this species in eastern North America and suggest a transboreal

distribution.
[taxon-name[genus: Oxypoda][species: rubescans]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1911][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Oxypoda_rubescans

Figs 1690Map 16

  • [taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescans][comment: Casey 1911: 26–27. Lectotype (male). USA: New York, [Catskill Mts.]; rubescans Casey, Type USNM 39802; Casey bequest 1925; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH) [dissected]]
Material examined.

(Type material – see above). CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Barr prop., 7 km NE Centreton, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'48"N, 77°59'3"W,] field, malaise pans, 19.v to 1.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: NY. Native.

Comments.

This is the first collection of [taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescans] since its description based on a male specimen collected in the Catskill Mountains of New York (Casey 1911). The aedeagus of this species is illustrated for the first time (Fig. 90). This species is similar in habitus to [taxon-name: Oxypoda hiemalis] Casey but is immediately differentiated by the elytra, which are longer than the pronotum at suture. [taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescans] may be easily recognized by the distinctively shaped median lobe of the aedeagus in lateral view (Fig. 90). To promote nomenclatural stability, we designate a lectotype for this species here.

[taxon-name[genus: Parocyusa][species: americana]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1906)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Parocyusa_americana

Figs 1791–93Map 17

  • [taxon-name: Chilopora americana][comment: Casey 1906: 306. Lectotype (female):USA, New York, Peekskill; 555, Type USNM 39734; [taxon-name: Chilopora americana] Casey; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH) [dissected].]
  • [taxon-name: Tetralaucopora americana][comment: (Casey); Moore and Legner 1975: 493]
  • [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana][comment: (Casey); Ashe in Newton et al. 2000: 362]
Material examined.

(Type material – see above). CANADA: ON:Chatham-Kent Co.,Tilbury, pitfall trap, 23.vi.1994, T. Savinski, 1 (DEBU); Huron Co.,Auburn, hedgerow, pitfall, 27.x.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co.,Peter's Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] dry streambed, under rock, 12.ix.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Ottawa Division, Mer Bleue, 20.ix.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 1 (MZLU); Simcoe Co.,Midhurst, Finlay Mills Rd., Willow Creek, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°26'24"N, 79°43'48"W,] splashing sandy bank, 13.vi.2010, A. & K. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: NY. Native

Comments.

This is the first record of [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] since its description based on a female specimen collected from Peekskill, New York (Casey 1906). This species is easily recognized to genus by its habitus and the only other known Nearctic species ([taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa] (Casey)) is darker, with a slightly shorter and more densely punctate pronotum, and has quadrate to slightly transverse antennomeres 8–10 (see Fig. 28 in Klimaszewski et al. 2011). To promote nomenclatural stability, we designate a lectotype for [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] here.

Specimens of [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] were found on a stream bank and in a dry streambed under a rock. We expect [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] to occur broadly over northeastern North America in habitats near running water.

[taxon-name[genus: Parocyusa][species: fuliginosa]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1906)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Parocyusa_fuliginosa

Figs 1894–101Map 18, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

  • [taxon-name: Chilopora fuliginosa][comment: Casey 1906: 307. Lectotype (female):USA, North Carolina; [Asheville in orig. description]; Type USNM 39735; fuliginosa Casey; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH). Paralectotype (male):USA, Pennsylvania, Phila Neck, 1–14; fuliginosa-2, Paratype USNM 39735 (NMNH).]
  • [taxon-name: Tetralaucopora fuliginosa][comment: (Casey); Moore and Legner 1975: 493]
  • [taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa][comment: (Casey); Ashe in Newton et al. 2000: 362]
Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Algoma Distr., Michipicoten River, south of Wawa, 5.ix.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 1 (MZLU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NL; USA: MA, NC, PA (Seevers 1978). Native.

Comments.

This species was recorded from Canada for the first time by Klimaszewski et al. (2011) based on a specimen collected in Labrador, Newfoundland. The identification of this specimen was based on information provided in Seevers (1978) because the type material could not be located in the NMNH. This material was recently found and we here confirm the identity of the Newfoundland specimen as [taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa], newly record it from Ontario and designate a lectotype to promote nomenclatural stability. [taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa] has been collected in much the same way as [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] and we expect both species to occur broadly in eastern North America in habitats near running water.

Tribe [taxon-name: Tachyusini] Thomson 1859
[taxon-name[genus: Brachyusa][species: helenae]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1911)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Brachyusa_helenae

Fig. 19Map 19, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, 12.vii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Greater Sudbury Div., Wahnapitae, 22.viii.1980, leg. R. Baronowski, 1 (MZLU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, NT, ON, NL; USA: AK, MT (Campbell and Davies 1991; Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Klimaszewski et al. 2012). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gnypeta][species: helenae]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gnypeta_helenae

Fig. 20Map 20, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2008b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] eutrophic pond edge, 17.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), same data except S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: BC, AB, ON; USA: AZ, MT, NM, OR (Moore and Legner 1975; Klimaszewski et al. 2008). Native.

Comments.

This is the first record of this species from eastern North America. [taxon-name: Gnypeta helenae] is indistinguishable externally from [taxon-name: Gnypeta canadensis] Klimaszewski, which was described based on characters of the male and female genitalia (Klimaszewski et al. 2008b). The authors noted that a wide geographic range of specimens was not available for examination and further study may necessitate re-examination of these species concepts. Study of recent material of both species from the same locality in Haldimand-Norfolk Region, Ontario, Canada confirmed that [taxon-name: Gnypeta helenae] and [taxon-name: Gnypeta canadensis] are indeed separate but cryptic species. Specimens of [taxon-name: Gnypeta helenae] with label data have been collected on the banks of rivers and lakes and from a eutrophic pond edge (Ontario specimen), while those of [taxon-name: Gnypeta canadensis] were collected in forested wetland habitats and some of these were hand collected from moss on deadwood (Ontario material). Further collecting in wet microhabitats may reveal ecological differences in these two species.

[taxon-name[genus: Gnypeta][species: nigrella]]

[taxon-authority: (LeConte, 1863)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gnypeta_nigrella

Fig. 21Map 21, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2008b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] eutrophic pond, treading edge, 4.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 17.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB, NL;USA: MA, MD, PA, VT (Moore and Legner 1975; Klimaszewski et al. 2008b; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

Tribe [taxon-name: Myllaenini] Ganglbauer 1895
[taxon-name[genus: Myllaena][species: cuneata]]

[taxon-authority: Notman, 1920][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Myllaena_cuneata

Fig. 22Map 22, genitalia in Klimaszewski (1982b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, at lights, 20.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, Berlese leaf and log litter, 20.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NS; USA: AR, FL, GA, IL, LA, MA, MD, NH, OK, TN, VA (Klimaszewski 1982b; Klimaszewski and Génier 1986; Klimaszewski and Frank 1992b; Majka and Klimaszewski 2010). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Myllaena][species: potawatomi]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski, 1982][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Myllaena_potawatomi

Fig. 23Map 23, genitalia in Klimaszewski (1982b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Essex Co., Ojibway Prairie Prov. Nat. Reserve, pond edge, 23.vii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W], treading edge, eutrophic pond, 4.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 2 (DEBU) same data except: 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, marsh nr. fish hatchery, treading vegetation, 20.vii.2011, A. Brunke, 3 (DEBU); Leeds and Grenville Co., Chaffey’s Locks, Queens Univ. Biol. Station, 44.56–76.32, in decaying veg. on lake shore, 16 to 17.viii.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: AZ, AL, CA, FL, GA, IL, IN, MA, OK, TX, VA, WI;Mexico, Haiti, Jamaica (Klimaszewski 1982b; Klimaszewski and Frank 1992b). Native.

Tribe [taxon-name: Homalotini] Heer 1839
[taxon-name: [genus: Agaricomorpha][species: websteri]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Brunke, sp. n.]

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:684EAFCD-F04D-4237-A3EA-140839A5C588

http://species-id.net/wiki/Agaricomorpha_websteri

Figs 24103–105Map 24

Type locality.

Canada, New Brunswick, Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., red oak forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W].

Type material.

Holotype(male): CANADA: NB:Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 25.vi-1.vii.2009, Red oak forest, Lindgren funnel trap, R. Webster & M-A. Giguère (LFC).

Paratypes (5 males, 2 females, 6 sex unknown): CANADA: NB: Carleton Co., near Belleville, 1.3 km E ict. Rt. 540 & Plymouth Rd., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1867°N, 67.6817°W], 7-v-2008, R. Webster coll., 1 male (RWC); NS: Cape Breton H.N.P., Lone Shieling, vii.1983, Malaise trap, R. Vockeroth, PG729861, 2 sex? (CNC); ON: Haliburton Co., 10km SE Dorset, 45.16–78.84, vernal pool litter, previously wet, 25-ix-2009, S. Kullik, 1 male (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter's Woods PNR, back woods, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'28"N, 78°2'14"W,] forest, malaise pans, 19-v to 1-vi-2011, Brunke & Paiero, debu01146638, 1 female (DEBU); QC: Communaute-Urbainé-de-l'Outaouais,Gatineau Pk., near Hull, 28.iv.1974, A. Davies, 1 sex? (CNC); L'Aminate, Ste-Praxède, 6–13.vii.1999, Lindgren trap # 3, 99–3-0461, 2 sex? (LFC), Saint-Jacques-de-Leeds, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46°16'N, 71°23'W], 7.vii-9.vii.1993, Plan Vert ‘93, Lindgren trap # 1, Dispositif B, Ėrabliėre [=sugar bush], ‘1993–3-0381', Hébert & Jobin, 1 female (LFC); Rousillon,Ste-Catherine, Port., 29.vi.1961, 5.viii, 9.viii, 26.viii.1961, J-C. Aubé, 3 males, 1 sex? (CNC).

Description.

Body small, compact and oval in outline;length 1.6–1.8 mm; body dark brown with legs, maxillary palpi and 2–3 basal antennomeres yellowish-brown, or body dark brown with pronotum and elytra slightly paler, and appendages and basal part of abdomen yellowish-brown (Fig. 24); forebody with strong meshed microsculpture, punctation coarse, sparse and flatly impressed, pubescence sparse and approximately evenly distributed on forebody; head transverse and produced anteriad, eyes large and longer than postocular area, pubescence directed posteriad and obliquely mediad; ligula narrowly elongate and divided almost to base; antennae slightly incrassate, basal 3 antennomeres elongate, 4 subquadrate, 5–10 increasingly broadening apically, 11 oval and elongate; maxillary palpi with 4 articles, penultimate article expanded apically, and apical article acicular; pronotum strongly transverse, base strongly sinuate, converging apicad, disc with pubescence directed posteriad except for some setae at base directed laterad; elytra at suture distinctly longer than pronotum, pubescence directed straight posteriad; abdomen gradually but weakly tapering apicad, tergites II and III impressed basally, and with elevated punctures.

Male. Tergite VIII transverse, shallowly emarginate medially at the apical margin and with short medio-apical carinate protuberance (Fig. 104); sternite VIII broadly rounded apically (Fig. 105); median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with large bulbus and U-shaped, narrow tubus with broad and angular swelling subapically; flagellum long, thin, everted and about 3 times as long as tubus (difficult to see in Fig. 103).

Female. Tergite VIII strongly transverse and similar to that of male but lacking median carina; sternite VIII transverse and arcuate apically; spermatheca with spherical capsule and inconspicuous short stem, in general similar to those of [taxon-name: Gyrophaena] and [taxon-name: Eumicrota].

Distribution.

Known from Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] is probably broadly distributed in northeastern North America, south of the boreal forest zone.

Bionomics.

Little is known about the natural history of this species but all specimens were collected in deciduous forests, mostly by passive, above-ground traps indicating high flight capability. Other species of the genus are found on woody and leathery polypore fungi (Ashe in Newton et al. 2000), which commonly grow on dead or dying standing trees. Interestingly, several individuals were captured by Lindgren funnel traps, which typically attract species associated with this type of coarse woody debris.

Etymology.

This species is dedicated to our colleague Reginald P. Webster of Charters Settlement, New Brunswick, who collected the holotype and whose material has contributed much to the knowledge of Canadian biodiversity.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] is the only known species of the genus in eastern North America. This genus was erected by Ashe (1984) to accommodate [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha apacheana] (Seevers), which occurs in the southwestern United States and is not related to species of the Palaearctic genus [taxon-name: Agaricochara] Kraatz where it was originally described (Ashe 1984). The genus [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha] is distinctive among the North American [taxon-name: Gyrophaenina] for its divided ligula (Ashe in Newton et al. 2000) and strongly transverse pronotum with a distinctly sinuate base. Ashe (1984) listed [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha] ‘undescr. sp. 3’ as occurring in ‘Canada’ and [taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] likely represents this taxon.

[taxon-name[genus: Eumicrota][species: corruscula]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Eumicrota_corruscula

Fig. 25Map 25, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W,] savannah, at lights, 5.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 3 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, on fungi, 12.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB; USA: AL, CT*, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV (Seevers 1951; Klimaszewski et al. 2009). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Eumicrota][species: socia]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Eumicrota_socia

Fig. 26Map 26, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, on fungus, 17.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W], savannah, Berlese leaf and log litter w. fungus, 17.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods Prov. Nat. Res., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, Berlese leaf & log litter, 1.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods Prov. Nat. Res., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, malaise pans, 19.v to 1.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 16 to 27.vi.2011, 2 (DEBU); Wellington Co., Guelph, Arboretum, 11.ix.2007, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NS, PE; USA: AR, DC, FL, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MI, MO, NY, NC, OH, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV (Seevers 1951; Klimaszewski et al. 2009; Majka and Klimaszewski 2010). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Euvira][species: micmac]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Majka, 2007][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Euvira_micmac

Fig. 27Map 27, genitalia in Klimaszewski and Majka (2007a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg.,Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] ridge forest, malaise pans, 20.ix to 12.x.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU);Northumberland Co., Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] forest, sappy Populus wood, 12.vii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'48"N, 77°59'3"W,] old field, malaise pans, 1 to 16.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, Berlese streamside litter, 19.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Simcoe Co., Midhurst, forest nr. Neretva St., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°26'22"N, 79°42'40"W,] leaf litter, 10.x.2010, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB, NS; USA: OH, MI (Klimaszewski and Majka 2007a; Webster et al. 2009). Native.

Comments.

This species has previously been associated with Red Oak ([taxon-name: Quercus rubra] L.) and some specimens have been collected inside spherical Red Oak galls (Klimaszewski and Majka 2007a). All Ontario specimens were collected in forests containing red oak or in open habitat with several small, Red Oaks. Red Oaks at the Barr property in Northumberland County possessed spherical galls but these were noticed late in the season and did not contain rove beetles when checked. [taxon-name: Euvira micmac] has also been collected from litter near water and from under sappy [taxon-name: Populus] bark (Webster et al. 2009, this study), and the association with red oak may be indirect, possibly involving a fungal food source that prefers oak tissue or the microclimate provided by oak galls.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: affinis]]

[taxon-authority: Mannerheim, 1830][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_affinis

Fig. 28Map 28, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Essex Co., Point Pelee, 24.vi.1925, G.S. Walley, 1 (CNC); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, on fungus, 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Thunder Bay Distr., Black Sturgeon Lake, 1 to 5.viii.1956, Lindberg, 7 (CNC); Wellington Co., Guelph, reared from fungus, 23.viii.1990, H. Dewer, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: BC, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL; USA: AZ*, DC, IL, IN, IA, KY, ME, MA, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH*, PA, TN, WA, WI, WV (Seevers 1951; Campbell and Davies 1991; Majka and Klimaszewski 2008a; Klimaszewski et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Adventive in Canada.

Comments.

This adventive species was accidentally listed as occurring in Ontario in Klimaszewski et al. (2007a) and was subsequently included as occurring there in other accounts of adventive [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] (Gouix and Klimaszewski 2007; Klimaszewski et al. 2010). The above data represent the first confirmed records of this species in Ontario, as early as 1925.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: antennalis]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_antennalis

Fig. 29Map 29, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Manester Tract, 6km NNW St. Williams, 17.ix.2008, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, on fungi, 20.ix.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB, NS, NL; USA: MA, NC, NY, TN* (Seevers 1951; Campbell and Davies 1991; Klimaszewski et al. 2009; Majka and Klimaszewski 2010; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

Comments.

This species was newly recorded from Nova Scotia by Majka and Klimaszewski (2010) in a species list for the Maritime Provinces, but specimen data were accidentally omitted from the body of the text (C. Majka, pers. comm.). One specimen was collected from mainland Nova Scotia and was identified by one of us (JK).

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: brevicollis]]

[taxon-authority: Seevers, 1951][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_brevicollis

Fig. 30Map 30, genitalia in Seevers (1951)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller prop., 6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, 17.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), same data except: [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] forest, site 1, malaise pans, 20.ix to 12.x.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: IN, IL, MS, NC (Seevers 1951). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: caseyi]]

[taxon-authority: Seevers, 1951][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_caseyi

Figs 31106–108Map 31

Material Examination.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB; USA: MI, NC, NY, PA (Seevers 1951; Campbell and Davies 1991; Webster et al. 2012). Native.

Comments.

This species was erroneously reported from New Brunswick by Klimaszewski et al. (2009) based on misidentified specimens of [taxon-name: Gyrophaena nanoides] Seevers. [taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi] and [taxon-name: Gyrophaena nanoides] are very similar externally except that the former has antennomeres 5–10 distinctly transverse (elongate to quadrate in the latter) and antennomere 9 is approximately as long as 10 (longer in [taxon-name: Gyrophaena nanoides]). For a habitus image of [taxon-name: Gyrophaena nanoides] see Klimaszewski et al. (2009) (labeled as [taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi]). The median lobe of the aedeagus in lateral view is shaped slightly differently (Fig. 106 versus Fig. 39 in Klimaszewski et al. 2009 (as [taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi])).

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: criddlei]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1911][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_criddlei

Fig. 32Map 32, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT (tentative), MB, ON, NB, NL (Seevers 1951; Campbell and Davies 1991; Klimaszewski et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011, Klimaszewski et al. 2012). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: dybasi]]

[taxon-authority: Seevers, 1951][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_dybasi

Fig. 33Map 33, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, on fungus, 12.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB; USA: IL, IN, MO, NC, WI (Seevers 1951; Klimaszewski et al. 2009). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: fuscicollis]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_fuscicollis

Fig. 34Map 34, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, on fungus, 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB; USA: DC, IL, NY, PA, WI (Seevers 1951; Klimaszewski et al. 2009). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: gilvicollis]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_gilvicollis

Fig. 35Map 35, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, on fungus, 20.ix.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU);Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB; USA: DC, IL, IN, MI, NY, PA, VA, WV (Seevers 1951; Campbell and Davies 1991; Klimaszewski et al. 2009). Native.

Comments.

This species was listed as questionably occurring in Ontario by Campbell and Davies (1991) based on the record from ‘Canada’ by Ashe (1984) (A. Davies pers. comm.). The above specimen data confirm this species’ presence in Ontario.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: meduxnekeagensis]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Webster, 2009][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_meduxnekeagensis

Fig. 36Map 36, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] forest, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, malaise pans, 27.vi to 12.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB (Klimaszewski et al. 2009). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: modesta]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_modesta

Fig. 37Map 37, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, on fungus, 20.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU);Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: AB*, ON, NB, NS, NL; USA: IL, IN, MI, MN, NH, NY (Seevers 1951; Klimaszewski et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Majka and Klimaszewski 2011). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: neonana]]

[taxon-authority: Seevers, 1951][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_neonana

Fig. 38Map 38, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2008a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, fungus on log, 27.vii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 3 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, NB, NL; USA: IN, NC, PA, WI (Seevers 1951; Klimaszewski et al. 2008a; Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Webster et al. 2012). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: stroheckeri]]

[taxon-authority: Seevers, 1951][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_stroheckeri

Fig. 39Map 39, genitalia in Seevers (1951)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, fungus, 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: IN, NC, WI (Seevers 1951). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Gyrophaena][species: uteana]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Gyrophaena_uteana

Fig. 40Map 40, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2009) (as Gy. gaudens)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] field, malaise pans, 16 to 27.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] maple-beech forest, Berlese leaf and log litter, 19.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), same as previous except: 1.vi.2011, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, malaise pans, 16 to 27.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: BC, AB*, ON, QC, NB; USA: CA, CO, UT (Seevers 1951; Webster et al. 2012). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Leptusa][species: carolinensis]]

[taxon-authority: Pace, 1989][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Leptusa_carolinensis

Fig. 41Map 41, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2004)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] sand ridge forest, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 3 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, wilderness area, forest, under bark, 17.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU);Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, under bark, large sugar maple, 6.x.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NS; USA: NC, TN (Klimaszewski et al. 2004; Webster et al. 2009; Park et al. 2010). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Phanerota][species: fasciata]]

[taxon-authority: (Say, 1834)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Phanerota_fasciata

Fig. 42Map 42, genitalia in Ashe (1986)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Essex Co., La Salle, Brunet Park, 29.vii.2005, S.M. Paiero, 2 (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Park, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, gilled mushrooms, 12.x.2011, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: AR, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, KS, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, TX, VA, WI (Seevers 1951). Native.

Comments

. The genus [taxon-name: Phanerota] is newly recorded in Canada based on specimens collected on mushrooms in extreme southern Ontario. This genus may reach its northern distributional limit in southern Ontario, as it was not reported in a recent review of New Brunswick [taxon-name: Gyrophaenina] (Klimaszewski et al. 2009).

[taxon-name[genus: Phymatura][species: blanchardi]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1894)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Phymatura_blanchardi

Fig. 43Map 43, genitalia in Ashe (1992)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Elgin Co., Aylmer West, malaise trap, 7 to 15.ix.1972, 1 (CNC); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, fungi, 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 20.ix.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU);Lanark Co., Bell’s Corners, 14.x.1967, A. Smetana, 3 (CNC); Leeds and Grenville United Co., Chaffey’s Locks Biol. Stn., 16.x.1986, A. Smetana, 1 (CNC); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, 6.x.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU);Ottawa Div., Constance Bay, x.1970, S. Peck, 1 (CNC), Leitrim, ex. [taxon-name: Ganoderma applanatum], 5.x.1985, R.S. Skidmore, 1 (CNC), Ottawa, Beaulieu, 29.viii.1912, 5 (CNC), South March, 11.x.1967, J.M. Campbell & A. Smetana, 1 (CNC).

Distribution.

Canada: AB, ON, NB; USA: IA, IN, MO, NY (Moore and Legner 1975; Majka and Klimaszewski 2008c; Webster et al. 2009). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Thecturota][species: pusio]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1894)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Thecturota_pusio

Figs 44109–115Map 44

  • [taxon-name: Oligurota pusio][comment: Casey 1894: 362]
  • [taxon-name: Thecturota (Oligurota) pusio][comment: (Casey); Casey 1911: 211]
Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Turkey Point Prov. Pk., site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W,] savannah, Berlese leaf, log and grass litter, 12.x.2011, A. Brunke, 11 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: IN. Native.

Comments.

This is the first collection of [taxon-name: Thecturota pusio] since Casey’s description (1894) based on the female holotype from ‘Indiana’ and the first Canadian record of the genus. We have dissected the female holotype for comparison with the Ontario specimens and illustrate the male and female sexual characters for the first time (Figs 109–115). Live specimens of [taxon-name: Thecturota pusio] were extremely slow-moving and the use of a Berlese funnel likely facilitated the capture of this minute (<2mm) species.

Tribe [taxon-name: Placusini] Mulsant & Rey, 1871
[taxon-name[genus: Placusa][species: incompleta]]

[taxon-authority: Sjöberg, 1934][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Placusa_incompleta

Fig. 45Map 45, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2001)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] front woods, forest, malaise pans, 19.v to 1.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] forest, sappy Populus wood, 12.vii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] 12.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: BC, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL; USA: WA; western Palaearctic (Klimaszewski et al. 2001; Smetana 2004; Webster et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native Holarctic species or adventive in Canada.

[taxon-name[genus: Placusa][species: vaga]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1911][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Placusa_vaga

Fig. 46Map 46, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2001)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] forest, sand ridge, malaise, 20.vii to 5.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W,] oak savannah, malaise, 20.ix to 12.x.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] forest, sappy Populus wood, 12.vii.2011, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU), Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, 27.vii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, NT, BC, ON, QC, NB, NS; USA: CA (Klimaszewski et al. 2001; Klimaszewsk et al. 2008; Majka and Klimaszewski 2008a; Webster et al. 2009; Majka and Klimaszewski 2011). Native.

Tribe [taxon-name: Athetini] Casey, 1910
[taxon-name[genus: Acrotona][species: smithi]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1910)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Acrotona_smithi

Fig. 47116–124Map 47

  • [taxon-name: Coprothassa smithi][comment: Casey, 1910: 166. Lectotype (male):USA: New York; smithi Casey; Type USNM 39019; Casey bequest 1925; Lectotypus male, [taxon-name: Coprothasa smithi] Casey, V. Gusarov des. 2000 [This designation was never published and therefore we formally designate this specimen as the lectotype]; [taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] (Casey), V. Gusarov 2000; our Lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH) [dissected]. Paralectotypes (4, present designation): New York; smithi-2, USNM 39019; Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) 1 female. New York; smithi-3; Paratype USNM 39019 (NMNH) 1 female. New York; smithi-5; USNM 39019 Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) 1 male. New York; smithi-6; USNM 39019 Casey bequest 1925 (NMNH) 1 male.]
Material examined.

(Type material – see above). CANADA: ON:Chatham-Kent Co., Rondeau Prov. Park, end Lakeshore Rd., 1.vi.1985, A. Davies & J.M. Campbell, 1 (CNC), same data except: 5.vi.1985, sifted grass pile & leaves, 3 (CNC), Rondeau Prov. Park, deciduous forest, 19.v to 6.vii.1976, Dondale & Redner, 2 (CNC), Rondeau Prov. Park, intercept trap, on sand beach, edge oak forest, 22 to 31.vii.1985, L. LeSage & A. Woodliffe, 2 (CNC), same data except: 1 to 9.viii.1985, 1 (CNC), 9 to 17.viii.1985, 1 (CNC), Rondeau Prov. Park, intercept trap, maple-beech forest, 13 to 22.vii.1985, L. LeSage & A. Woodliffe, 1 (CNC), Rondeau Prov. Park, intercept trap, white pine stand, 1 to 9.viii.1985, L. LeSage & A. Woodliffe (2), Rondeau Prov. Park, Lakeshore Rd., 30.v.1985, A. Smetana, 2 (CNC); Elgin Co., Aylmer West, Malaise trap, 24 to 31.viii.1972, 1 (CNC), same data except: 15 to 22.ix.1972, 1 (CNC); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] sand ridge, forest, malaise pans, 15.vi to 5.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 5.vii to 20.vii.2011, 1 (DEBU), 31.v to 15.vi.2011, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] low forest, malaise pans, 5.vii to 20.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 2 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W,] oak savannah, Lindgren funnel, 15.vi to 5.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Lanark Co., 7 mi W of Carleton Place, 15.v.1980, A. Smetana, 3 (CNC); Leeds and Grenville Co., ‘Chaffey’s Locks’ Biol. Stn., 16.x.1986, A. Smetana, 2 (CNC); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, 12.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Ottawa Div., Kanata, 25.v.1979, A. & Z. Smetana, 2 (CNC); Renfrew Co., Haley Sta., 15km NW Renfrew, mixed forest malaise, 2 to 30.ix.1979, S. Peck, 1 (CNC).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB; USA: NY (Webster et al. 2012). Native.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] is newly recorded in Canada based on numerous collections across Ontario. Ontario material was compared with the type series of [taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] from New York. This species is easily recognized amongst other northeastern [taxon-name: Acrotona] by the large and fusiform body ([taxon-name: Oxypoda]-like habitus), the distinctive shape of the aedeagus in lateral view (Figs 117–118), the broadly and shallowly emarginate female tergite VIII (Fig. 123), and, despite some variation, the general shape of the spermatheca (Figs 121–122). [taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] appears to be a common species inhabiting deciduous to mixed forests and semi-open habitat (e.g. oak savannah) and is probably broadly distributed across northeastern North America.

[taxon-name[genus: Acrotona][species: subpygmaea]]

[taxon-authority: (Bernhauer, 1909)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Acrotona_subpygmaea

Figs 48125–131Map 48

  • [taxon-name: Atheta subpygmaea][comment: Bernhauer, 1909: 526. Lectotype (female): Massachusetts, Framingham; Frost; 6775; our lectotype designation label [present designation] (FMNH). Paralectotype (male): Massachusetts, Framingham; Frost; 6777; our paralectotype designation label [present designation] (FMNH) [specimen missing aedeagus].]
  • [taxon-name: Colpodota avia][comment: Casey, 1910: 154 syn. n.]
  • [taxon-name: Colpodota puritana][comment: Casey, 1910: 154 syn. n. Lectotype (male): Massachusetts puritana Casey; Type USNM 38994; Casey bequest 1925; our lectotype designation label [present designation] (NMNH). Paralectotypes (4): Massachusetts: puritana Casey; Type USNM 38994; Casey bequest 1925; our paralectotype designation label [present designation] 1 male, 3 females (NMNH).]
Material examined.

(Type material – see above). CANADA: ON: Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Backus Woods, Wetland trail, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°39'54"N, 80°29'34"W,] sugar maple dom. mesic forest, sift litter, 2.iv.2010, A. Brunke, 3 (DEBU), Backus Woods, 4.x.2010, 1 (DEBU), Backus Woods, north block, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'7"N, 80°29'34"W,] ex. sifted litter, berlese, 23.iv.2011, Brunke and Marshall, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] forest, sand ridge, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, berlese vernal pool litter, 17.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Pk., site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, sift tree hole litter, 12.x.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Haliburton Co., 10 km SE Dorset, 45.16, -78.84, vernal pool litter (previously wet), 19.vi.2011, S. Kullik, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 45.17 -78.82, 17.x.2009, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] ex. cold wet moss on rocks and edge of spring, 15.ix.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Prescott and Russell United Co., Alfred Bog, berlese litter, forest trail, 17.vii.1982, L. LeSage, 2 (CNC).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NS; USA: IN, MA, RI (Blatchley 1910; Majka et al. 2008 (as [taxon-name: Atheta avia]); Majka and Klimaszewski 2010). Native.

Comments.

In an online catalog of North American [taxon-name: Athetini] (Gusarov 2003b), [taxon-name: Acrotona avia] is listed as a synonym of [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea]. In Majka et al. (2008), [taxon-name: Acrotona avia] (Casey) was provisionally maintained as a valid species because one of us (JK) was unable to study the aedeagus of the only male syntype of [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea], which was missing or overcleared. After examination of additional material, we have discovered that the female syntype of [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] is very distinctive for its deeply emarginate apex of sternite VIII (Fig. 131) and shape of the spermatheca (Fig. 129), characteristics shared by the female syntypes of [taxon-name: Acrotona avia]. Additionally, both species do not differ externally. Therefore, to provide taxonomic stability for this common species, we here synonymize [taxon-name: Acrotona avia] (Casey) with [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] (Bernhauer) and designate a lectotype for the latter species. Majka et al. (2008) synonymyzed [taxon-name: Acrotona puritana] (Casey) with [taxon-name: Acrotona avia] (synonymy confirmed here), which now becomes a synonym of [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] (Bernhauer). We here designate a lectotype for [taxon-name: Acrotona puritana] (Casey). Specimens reported from New Brunswick and illustrated as [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] in Klimaszewski et al. (2005b) represent an undescribed species that will be treated in a future publication.

There are some Canadian specimens currently identified as [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] that possess very short elytra and slightly different sexual characters (R. Webster and J. Klimaszewski unpublished data) including one Ontario female [Backus Woods, Wetland trail, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°39'54"N, 80°29'34"W,] sugar maple dom. mesic forest, sift litter, 2.iv.2010]. Therefore, we recommend that identifications of [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] be based on the distinctive sexual characteristics of either sex (Figs 125–131) until the Nearctic diversity of this genus is more adequately known. [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] is a common species occurring in a variety of forest litter microhabitats and has been collected in both spring and fall. We expect this species to occur broadly across northeastern North America.

[taxon-name[genus: Alevonota][species: gracilenta]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)][taxon-status: New North American Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Alevonota_gracilenta

Figs 49132–134Map 49, spermatheca in Assing and Wunderle (2008)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Waterloo Reg.,Blair, Whistle Bare Rd. and Township Rd.1, 43.372 -80.362, soybean field, pitfall trap, 29.vi.2010, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU); Wellington Co.,Eramosa, hedgerow, pitfall, 4.v.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 13.vii.2010, 1 (DEBU), Guelph, hedgerow, pitfall, 19.v.2009, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 1.ix.2009, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; widespread in western Palaearctic (Assing and Wunderle 2008). Adventive in Canada.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] is recorded here for the first time in North America as an adventive species. It is rather easily recognized in North America by the narrow, linear habitus, small eyes and distinctive aedeagus with a long flagellum (Fig. 132).

[taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] apparently prefers a wide range of unforested habitats in its native range but is usually only collected in small numbers and using passive traps (Assing and Wunderle 2008). It was suggested that known specimens represent dispersing individuals and that the real habitat preferences of this species remain unknown, but are possibly subterranean (Assing and Wunderle 2008). The accidental introduction of this obscure Palaearctic species to North America is surprising and may be quite recent as all known specimens are from 2009–2010 and from two contiguous counties in southern Ontario. A specimen identified as [taxon-name: Alevonota] by G.A. Lohse from Colorado is deposited in the CNC (A. Davies pers. comm.) and study of this specimen may reveal that native [taxon-name: Alevonota] species occur in North America.

[taxon-name[genus: Aloconota][species: sulcifrons]]

[taxon-authority: (Stephens, 1832)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Aloconota_sulcifrons

Fig. 50Map 50, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, 12.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NL; USA: AL, IL, IN, KY, MO, NH, NY, TN, VA, WA, WV; widespread in Palaearctic region, possibly cosmopolitan (Fauvel 1889; Klimaszewski and Peck 1986 (as A. insecta); Gusarov 2003a; Smetana 2004; Majka and Klimaszewski 2008c; Webster et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Adventive in Canada.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][species: capsularis]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski, 2005][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_capsularis

Fig. 51Map 51, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2005b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Thunder Bay Distr., Neys Provincial Park, campground area 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 48°47'17"N, 86°37'32"W,] forest, dung pans, 16 to 19.vii.2002, M. Buck, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, QC, NB, NL (Klimaszewski et al. 2005b; Klimaszewski et al. 2007b; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Atheta) ][species: aemula]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_aemula

Fig. 52Map 52, genitalia in Gusarov (2003a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Huron Co., Brucefield, hedgerow, pitfall, 11.v.2009 (1), 8.vi.2009 (1), A. Brunke (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB; USA: CA, IA, KS, MA, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, TX (Bernhauer 1907; Bernhauer 1909; Gusarov 2003a; Webster et al. 2009). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Atheta) ][species: borealis]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Langor, 2011][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_borealis

Fig. 53Map 53, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Wellington Co., Arkell, wet sedge meadow, sweep, 7.x.1993, C.S. Blaney, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NL (Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Atheta) ][species: circulicollis]]

[taxon-authority: Lohse, 1990][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_circulicollis

Fig. 54Map 54, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] forest, site 2, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, malaise pans, 31.v to 15.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] forest, malaise, 19.v to 1.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: back woods, forest, malaise pans, 1 to 16.vi.2011, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NL (Lohse et al. 1990; Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Webster et al. 2012). Native.

Comments.

This species was previously known only from relatively northern, forested localities in Canada, including near the tree line in Quebec (Lohse et al. 1990). The collections made from southern Ontario forests are surprising and suggest a much broader distribution in northeastern North America.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Datomicra) ][species: particula]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1910)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_particula

Fig. 55Map 55, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2005)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6 km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] forest, nr. vernal pools, malaise pans, 31.v to 15.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 2 (DEBU), Cronmiller Prop., ~6 km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] forest, 17.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'48"N, 77°59'3"W,] old field, malaise pans, 1 to 16.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, on fungus, 12.viii.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, 12.viii.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NS; USA: NY, RI (Moore and Legner 1975; Klimaszewski et al. 2005b; Majka and Klimaszewski 2010). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Dimetrota) ][species: burwelli]]

[taxon-authority: (Lohse, 1990)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_burwelli

Fig. 56Map 56, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] site 2, forest, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 2 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, QC, NB, NL (Lohse et al. 1990; Klimaszewski et al. 2008; Majka and Klimaszewski 2008a; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Dimetrota) ][species: campbelli]]

[taxon-authority: (Lohse, 1990)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_campbelli

Fig. 57Map 57, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Huron Co., Auburn, hedgerow, pitfall, 26.v.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, NL; USA: AK (Lohse et al. 1990; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Dimetrota) ][species: pseudocrenuliventris]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski, 2005][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_pseudocrenuliventris

Fig. 58Map 58, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2005b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Manitoulin Distr., Manitoulin Is., Kip Fleming Tract, ~8km SW Gore Bay, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45°52'13"N, 82°32'31"W,] oak savannah/alvar, RET over burrow, 15.vi to 16.vii.2010, Marshall et al., 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'27"N, 78°2'21"W,] front woods, forest, malaise pans, 16 to 27.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Dimetrota) ][species: terranovae]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Langor, 2011][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_terranovae

Fig. 59Map 59, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Algoma Distr., Lake Superior Prov. Pk., 2.ix.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 6 (MZLU), same data except: 3.ix.1980, 1 (MZLU), 6.ix.1980, 4 (MZLU), Michipicoten River (south of Wawa), 5.ix.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 7 (MZLU), same data except: 8.ix.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 2 (MZLU);Nipissing Distr., Algonquin Prov. Park nr. Brent, 20.viii.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 5 (MZLU), same data except: 21.viii.1980, 1 (MZLU); Sudbury Distr., 30 km W of Foleyet, 30.viii.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 2 (MZLU), Gogama, Mattagami River, 24.viii.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 1 (MZLU), same data except: 27.viii.1980, 4 (MZLU), Mattagami, 25.viii.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 1 (MZLU), same data except: 27.viii.1980, 4 (MZLU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, NB, NL (Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Klimaszewski et al. 2012; Webster et al. 2012). Native.

Comments.

The above Ontario collections of this recently described species suggest a transcontinental distribution in Canada.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Metadimetrota) ][species: savardae]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski and Majka, 2007][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_savardae

Fig. 60Map 60, genitalia in Klimaszewski and Majka (2007b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Greater Sudbury Div., Sudbury, Laurentian Univ. Campus, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46°27'38"N, 80°57'33"W,] forest, pitfall trap, 1.ix.2010 (2), 24.ix.2010 (4), 27.ix.2010 (4), 29.ix.2010 (4), 4.x.2010 (4), 6.x.2010 (1), 8.x.2010 (1), J.S. Jackson (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg.,Turkey Point Prov. Park, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, on fungi, 12.x.2011, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Haliburton Co., Dorset, 18 km S of Frost Centre, fungus, 19.ix.2008, S. Kullik, 1 (DEBU); Huron Co., Auburn, hedgerow, pitfall, 10.ix.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Nipissing Distr., Algonquin Prov. Park, Swan Lake station, Scott Lk., 45°29'15" 78°43'20"W, shore site, pan traps, 4.vii.1995, S. A. Marshall, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co.,Peter’s Woods PNR, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'26"N, 78°2'31"W,] forest, 6.x.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Wellington Co., Arkell, field vegetation, 1.x.1993, C. Krupke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, QC, NB, NS, NL (Klimaszewski and Majka 2007b; Webster et al. 2009; Klimaszewski et al. 2011). Native.

Comments.

This species appears to be associated with decaying fungi in forested habitats as all known specimens with microhabitat data were collected this way.

[taxon-name: [genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Microdota) ][species: alesi]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Brunke][taxon-status: sp. n.]

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:76CCEC54-23E7-4DB2-B34F-B4D14BFDE7BC

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_alesi

Figs 61135–141Map 61

Type locality.

Canada, Ontario, Ottawa Div., Ottawa, Central Experimental Farm, [taxon-name: Marmota] burrow.

Type material.

Holotype (male): CANADA: ON: Ottawa, Centr. Exp. Farm, [taxon-name: Marmota] burrows, 20.iv.2009, A. Smetana leg. (LFC).

Paratypes (6 males, 8 females): 13 with same data as holotype: (2 male, 5 female, CNC; 4 male, 2 female, LFC); Waterloo Reg., Blair, 43.37 -80.39, hedgerow, canopy trap, 19.v.2009, A. Brunke, 1 female (DEBU).

Diagnosis.

This species may be distinguished from all other [taxon-name: Atheta (Microdota)] species by the following combination of characters: body dark brown with legs, 2–3 basal antennomeres and elytra yellowish; forebody strongly glossy and with microsculpture; distal antennomeres only moderately transverse; male tergite VIII with distinctive shallow and wide emargination (Fig. 137), median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with large bulbus and straight tubus (Fig. 136), internal sac in lateral view with distinctive, large, curved sclerite that is bifurcate basally (Fig. 136); and spermatheca S-shaped, with elongate, tubular capsule that bears a moderately long and broad apical invagination, stem sinuate and apically looped (Fig. 139).

Description.

Body small, length 2.4–2.6 mm, narrowly subparallel, forebody with strong meshed microsculpture and strongly glossy, abdomen strongly glossy and with moderately sparse pubescence; head, pronotum and abdomen dark brown, elytra, legs and antennomeres 2–3 yellowish; head subquadrate, flattened and slightly impressed medially, with postocular area at least as long as diameter of eye, eyes large and slightly protruding, pubescence directed inwards in central part of disc; antennae slender, antennomeres 1–3 strongly elongate, 4–5 subquadrate, 6–10 moderately transverse, apical antennomere strongly elongate, longer than 9–10 combined; pronotum moderately transverse, margined laterally and posteriorly, pubescence radiating laterad and obliquely posteriad from the midline of disc, with 4 macrosetae close to lateral margin; elytra slightly elongate, at suture longer than pronotum, pubescence directed obliquely latero-posteriad; abdomen subparallel, tergites III to V with basal impression; legs moderately elongate.

Male. Tergite VIII truncate apically and with shallow, wide emargination (Fig. 137); sternite VIII rounded apically or sometimes slightly pointed medially (Fig. 138); median lobe of aedeagus with large, broad bulbus and short triangular tubus in parameral view; in lateral view, tubus straight ventrally and narrowly rounded at apex (Fig. 136); internal sac in abparameral view with distinct structures as illustrated in Fig. 135, internal sac in lateral view with distinctive curved sclerite that is bifurcate basally (Fig. 136).

Female. Tergite VIII truncate apically (Fig. 140); sternite VIII rounded and slightly pointed medially (Fig. 141); spermatheca S-shaped, with elongate, tubular capsule that bears a moderately long and broad apical invagination, stem sinuate and apically looped (Fig. 139).

Distribution.

[taxon-name: Atheta alesi] is currently only known from Ontario but is expected to occur broadly across eastern North America.

Bionomics.

Nearly all specimens were collected from debris in groundhog ([taxon-name: Marmota monax] (L.)) burrows. [taxon-name: Atheta alesi] may be another member of the rich insect assemblage associated with groundhog burrows but further collections in this microhabitat are needed to confirm this. Although one specimen was collected in a raised pan trap placed in an agricultural hedgerow, other groundhog-associated staphylinids were collected in this series including [taxon-name: Aleochara ocularis] Klimaszewski and [taxon-name: Bisnius pugetensis] (Hatch).

Etymology.

This species is named in honor of Dr. Aleš Smetana, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, in recognition of his excellent collections from groundhog ([taxon-name: Marmota monax] (L.)) burrows, which have revealed many interesting species that may be restricted to this microhabitat (e.g. species in Klimaszewski 1984, Smetana 1971, 1995).

Comments.

This species is tentatively assigned to the subgenus [taxon-name: Microdota] based on the following combination of characters present in other Canadian species: small body size, antennomeres 6–10 subquadrate to moderately transverse, Y-shaped ligula, simply formed median lobe of the aedeagus and overall shape of the spermatheca. [taxon-name: Atheta (Microdota) alesi] is most similar externally and in sexual characters to the type species of [taxon-name: Microdota], [taxon-name: Atheta (Microdota) amicula] (Stephens), which has become introduced into North America. The new species can be separated from [taxon-name: Atheta amicula] by the longer apical antennomeres (strongly transverse in [taxon-name: Atheta amicula]), the straight ventral surface of the tubus in lateral view, the differently shaped sclerites of the internal sac in lateral view and the narrower capsule of the spermatheca. The sexual characters of [taxon-name: Atheta amicula] are illustrated in Klimaszewski et al. (2011).

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Microdota) ][species: festinans]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_festinans

Fig. 62Map 62, genitalia in Gusarov (2003a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Waterloo Reg., Blair, 43.374 -80.397, hedgerow, pitfall trap, 16.vi.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: AZ, CT, IA, IN, KS, NY, PA, RI (Bernhauer 1907; Gusarov 2003a). Native.

Comments.

This species was previously reported from Ontario by Bernhauer (1907) and Indiana and Michigan by Moore and Legner (1975) but these records were not among those verified by Gusarov (2003a) in his revision of this species concept. We therefore provide confirmation that this species occurs in Canada. Gusarov (2003a) remarked that all specimens seen of this species were females and suggested that this species may be parthenogenetic. Congruently, the Ontario specimen is also a female.

[taxon-name[genus: Atheta][subgenus: (Pseudota?) ][species: nescia]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1910)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Atheta_nescia

Fig. 63Map 63, genitalia in Klimaszewski and Winchester (2002) (as [taxon-name: Atheta vancouveri])

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Huron Co., Auburn, hedgerow, 26.v.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Manitoulin Distr., Manitoulin I., Kip Fleming Tract, 8 km SW Gore Bay, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45°52'13"N, 82°32'31"W,] oak savannah/alvar, pans nr. log, 23.viii to 30.viii.2010, Marshall et al., 2 (DEBU);same data except:malaise pans, 12.vi to 16.vi.2010, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Barr prop., 7 km NE Centreton, site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'40"N, 77°58'57"W,] savannah, malaise pans, 16.vi to 27.vi.2011, Brunke and Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: BC, ON (Klimaszewski and Winchester 2002 [as [taxon-name: Atheta vancouveri] Klimaszewski]). Native.

Comments.

The specimens form Ontario agree in most characteristics with British Columbian specimens of [taxon-name: Atheta nescia] except for the less robust antennae, particularly in males, and the median lobe in lateral view, with a slightly narrower tubus and more rounded apex (for illustrations of the genitalia of [taxon-name: Atheta nescia] see Figs 51–53 in Klimaszewski and Winchester 2002 under the synonymic name [taxon-name: Atheta vancouveri] Klimaszewski). The spermathecae of the two species are similarly shaped. Therefore we tentatively associate the Ontario specimens with [taxon-name: Atheta nescia] but more specimens are needed from a broader distributional range to fully establish their identity.

The Ontario specimens were captured in sparsely treed, open habitats including savannahs and an agricultural hedgerow. Similarly, the specimens of [taxon-name: Atheta nescia] collected in British Columbia were primarily collected in clear-cut forests (Klimaszewski and Winchester 2002, as [taxon-name: Atheta vancouveri]).

[taxon-name[genus: Callicerus][species: obscurus]]

[taxon-authority: Gravenhorst, 1802][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Callicerus_obscurus

Figs 64142–143Map 64

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hamilton Div., Hamilton, 15.v.1985, M. Sanborne, 1 (CNC); Huron Co., Brucefield, hedgerow, pitfall, 11.v.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 22.vi.2009, 1 (DEBU), Auburn, hedgerow, pitfall, 11.v.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; western Palaearctic (Assing 2001; Gusarov 2003b). Adventive in Canada.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] is recorded from Canada for the first time based on Ontario specimens mostly collected in agricultural hedgerows. Gusarov (2003b) first reported this species from North America in an online catalog of North American [taxon-name: Athetini] based on specimens collected in Ontario (V. Gusarov, pers. comm). The ‘undescribed [taxon-name: Callicerus] s.str.’ from Ontario groundhog burrows mentioned by Ashe (in Newton et al. 2000) may in fact be this adventive species. Therefore, all [taxon-name: Callicerus] in North America may be introduced. Males of [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] are easily recognized by their extremely elongate antennomere 10. In North America, [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] may be separated externally from [taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] by the more elongate pronotum (Fig. 64).

[taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] inhabits open and forested habitats in its native range and was suggested to be largely subterranean by Assing (2001) based on highly seasonal (mostly spring) surface activity and the low numbers of individuals captured in each collection event.

[taxon-name[genus: Callicerus][species: rigidicornis]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)][taxon-status: New North American Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Callicerus_rigidicornis

Figs 65144–145Map 65

Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Huron Co., Auburn, hedgerow, pitfall, 11.v.2010, A. Brunke, 3 (DEBU), Benmiller, hedgerow, pitfall, 22.vi.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; western Palaearctic (Assing 2001). Adventive in Canada.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] is recorded from North America as an adventive species for the first time based on Ontario specimens collected in agricultural hedgerows. Males of this species do not have their antennomere 10 conspicuously elongate as in [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus]. [taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] is separated from [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] by the more transverse pronotum (Fig. 65). In both its native range and in Canada, this species is collected from the same habitats as [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] though the true microhabitat may be subterranean (Assing 2001).

[taxon-name: [genus: Dinaraea][species: backusensis]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Brunke, sp. n.]

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:81B9BEBD-F6ED-4893-A5C1-2094599C88CC

http://species-id.net/wiki/Dinaraea_backusensis

Figs 66146–149Map 66

Type locality.

Canada, Ontario, Haldimand-Norfolk Reg., 6 km W of Saint Williams, Backus Woods, Wetland trail, sugar maple-dominated mesic forest, 42°39'54"N, 80°29'34"W.

Type material.

Holotype (male): CANADA, ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Backus Woods, Wetland trail, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°39'54"N, 80°29'34"W,] sugar maple-dominated mesic forest, sifted litter, 2.iv.2010, A. Brunke, debu00331025 (DEBU).

Diagnosis.

This species may be distinguished from all other Nearctic [taxon-name: Dinaraea] by the following combination of characters: postocular area slightly longer than eye; pronotum trapezoidal in form and slightly (not distinctly) transverse; antennomeres 1–3 elongate, 4–7 subquadrate, 8–10 slightly transverse; elytra flat, transverse, at suture about as long as pronotum; male tergite eight with median and lateral teeth (Fig. 147); and median lobe of aedeagus of distinctive shape in lateral view (Figs 146).

Description.

Body narrowly subparallel, flattened, length 3.1 mm, dark brown, with legs, maxillary palpi, and basal 1–3 antennomeres yellowish brown, forebody moderately glossy with strong meshed microsculpture, abdomen strongly glossy with weaker microsculpture, pubescence moderately dense, denser on pronotum and elytra than on abdomen (Fig. 66); head transverse, impressed medially, rounded laterally, postocular area slightly longer than eye, pubescence sparse and directed mediad; antennae with antennomeres 1–3 elongate, 4–7 subquadrate, 8–10 slightly transverse; maxillary palpi with penultimate article broad and last article acicular; pronotum slightly transverse, trapezoidal, basal margin arcuate, with obtuse hind angles, broadest in apical third, flattened medially, margined, pubescence sparser than that on elytra and directed laterad on disc and forming arcuate lines, pubescence at midline directed anteriad in apical portion and posteriad in basal portion, pronotum with 4 lateral macrosetae on each side; elytra flat, transverse, subequal in length to pronotum at midline, pubescence directed straight or obliquely posteriad, punctation granulose; abdomen with tergites II-IV strongly impressed and sparsely pubescent.

Male. Tergite VIII truncate apically with two lateral teeth and two median protuberances (Fig. 147); sternite VIII with apex arcuate but slightly pointed medially (Fig. 148); median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with moderately large bulbus and short tubus with angulate apex, ventral side of tubus weakly arcuate; internal sac in lateral view with a narrow, elongate and recurved sclerite (Fig. 146).

Female. Unknown.

Distribution.

At present, [taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] is known only from southern Ontario but should occur across eastern North America, at least as far north as southern Canada.

Bionomics.

The holotype was collected in a sugar maple dominated forest with a rich diversity of other deciduous trees by sifting deep pockets of leaf litter beside large, old logs. Other native species of [taxon-name: Dinaraea] have been associated with subcortical habitats (Lohse et al. 1990).

Etymology.

This species is named after Backus Woods, a 704-acre, old growth, Carolinian forest in Ontario, Canada where the holotypewas collected. We would like to recognize the conservation efforts of the Nature Conservancy of Canada in this region and their recent work in acquiring this property for permanent protection.

Comments.

Using previous literature, Dinaraea backusensis can be distinguished from all known Nearctic species of the genus except [taxon-name: Dinaraea borealis] Lohse and [taxon-name: Dinaraea planaris] (Mäklin) by the distinctive shape of the median lobe in lateral view (see figures in Klimaszewski et al. 2011). The male of [taxon-name: Dinaraea borealis] has recently been discovered (to be described in a future publication) and clearly differs in the shape of the median lobe in lateral view. The aedeagus of the lectotype of [taxon-name: Dinaraea planaris] is mounted in abparameral view (illustrated in Lohse and Smetana 1985) but [taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] differs from [taxon-name: Dinaraea planaris] by the more elongate pronotum and male tergite VIII with median and lateral teeth (unmodified and truncate apically in [taxon-name: Dinaraea planaris]). [taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] is most similar to the European species [taxon-name: Dinaraea linearis] (Gravenhorst) but differs in the following characters: median lobe in lateral view angular at apex, shorter and much broader; internal sac in lateral view with long, recurved sclerite, about as long as bulbus (much shorter and talon-like in [taxon-name: Dinaraea linearis]); and male tergite 8 with lateral projections longer and differently shaped than medial projections (lateral and medial projections similar in shape in [taxon-name: Dinaraea linearis]). Dissected specimens from Denmark (no specific locality) were examined (ZMUC). The two taxa are nearly identical externally.

[taxon-name[genus: Mocyta][species: breviuscula]]

[taxon-authority: (Mäklin, 1852)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Mocyta_breviuscula

Fig. 67Map 67, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Manitoulin Distr., Manitoulin Island, Kip Fleming Tract, ~8km SW Gore Bay, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45°52'13"N, 82°32'31"W,] oak savannah/alvar, sifted litter, 29.ix.2010, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Misery Bay Prov. Nat. Res., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45°47'28"N, 82°44'58"W,] alvar, 29.ix.2010, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Sudbury Co., Mattagami, 24.viii.1980, leg. R. Baranowski, 1 (MZLU).

[taxon-name[genus: Philhygra][species: jarmilae]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Langor, 2011][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Philhygra_jarmilae

Fig. 68Map 68, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Waterloo Reg., Blair, hedgerow, pitfall, 5.x.2010, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, NB, NL (Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Klimaszewski et al. 2012; Webster et al. 2012). Native.

Comments.

The specimen from southern Ontario suggests a broad, transcontinental distribution in Canada for this recently described species. It likely occurs broadly in eastern United States as well.

[taxon-name[genus: Philhygra][species: laevicollis]]

[taxon-authority: (Mäklin, 1852)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Philhygra_laevicollis

Fig. 69Map 69, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2005b)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Haliburton Co., 9 km SE of Dorset, vernal pool litter (previously wet), 45.17–78.84, 17.vii.2009, S. Kullik, 1 (DEBU), same data except: 45.18–78.83, 17.viii.2009, 1 (DEBU); Nipissing Distr., Algonquin Prov. Park, nr. Brent, 19.viii.1980, R. Baranowski, 1 (MZLU), same data except: 21.viii.1980, 1 (MZLU).

[taxon-name[genus: Philhygra][species: luridipennis]]

[taxon-authority: (Mannerheim, 1831)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Philhygra_luridipennis

Fig. 70Map 70, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2011)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, at lights, 20.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Huron Co., Brucefield, hedgerow, pitfall trap, 28.ix.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON, NB, NL; Palaearctic: Europe and North Africa (Smetana 2004; Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Webster et al. 2012). Holarctic or adventive species.

[taxon-name[genus: Philhygra][species: proterminalis]]

[taxon-authority: (Bernhauer, 1907)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Philhygra_proterminalis

Figs 71149Map 71

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, 31.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), same data except: Lindgren funnel, 20.vii to 5.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Hamilton Div., Waterdown, madicolous spring, 5.viii.1985, B. Sinclair, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: CO, PA. Native.

[taxon-name[genus: Stethusa][species: klimschi]]

[taxon-authority: (Bernhauer, 1909)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Stethusa_klimschi

Fig. 72Map 72, genitalia in Gusarov (2003c)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Chatham-Kent Co.,Rondeau Prov. Pk., south point trail, nr. east parking lot, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°15'42"N, 81°50'49"W,] savannah, malaise, 14.viii to 7.ix.2003, Buck and Marshall, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: IN, LA, MS (Gusarov 2003c). Native.

Comments.

This species is newly recorded from Canada, extending its known distribution considerably northward. [taxon-name: Stethusa klimschi] appears to be less common in Ontario than [taxon-name: Stethusa spuriella] (see below) as only one female specimen was found.

[taxon-name[genus: Stethusa][species: spuriella]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1910)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Stethusa_spuriella

Fig. 73Map 73, genitalia in Gusarov (2003c)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Chatham-Kent Co., Rondeau Prov. Park, south point east pkng lot, 42 15 42N, 81 50 49W, oak savannah, white pans, 29.v.2003, Buck & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Essex Co., Windsor, Ojibway Prairie, burnt prairie, yellow pans, 15 to 18.v.2001, S. M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'18"N, 80°29'24"W,] low forest, malaise pans, 20.vii to 5.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller Prop., ~6km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] ridge forest, malaise pans, 5.vii to 20.vii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 1,[dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, malaise pans, 5.viii to 17.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), same data except: on fungus, 12.x.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Park, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°42'28"N, 80°20'29"W,] oak savannah, Berlese leaf, log and grass litter, 12.x.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Barr Property, ~ 7km NE Centreton, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'44"N, 77°59'0"W,] savannah, malaise pans, 26.vii to 12.viii.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Waterloo Reg.,Blair, soybean field, pitfall, 23.vi.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Cambridge, soybean field, pitfall, 23.vi.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: DE, FL, GA, IN, MO, NJ, NY, OH, PA, (Gusarov 2003c). Native.

Comments.

[taxon-name: Stethusa spuriella] appears to be a common species in both forested and open habitats in Ontario. No Canadian specimens of the third eastern species, [taxon-name: Stethusa dichroa] (Gravenhorst), were discovered in our material despite its widespread occurrence in the eastern United States; it is expected to occur in southern Ontario.

[taxon-name[genus: Strigota][species: ambigua]]

[taxon-authority: (Erichson, 1839)][taxon-status: New Ontario Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Strigota_ambigua

Fig. 74Map 74, genitalia in Gusarov (2003a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Huron Co., Auburn, soybean field, pitfall, 23.vi.2010, A. Brunke, 2 (DEBU); Ottawa Div., Ottawa, Centr. Exp. Farm, [taxon-name: Marmota] burrows, 20.iv.2009, A. Smetana, 5 (CNC); Waterloo Reg.,Blair, soybean field, pitfall, 23.vi.2009, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: YT, ON, NS, PE, NL; USA: CA, CO, CT, IA, KS, MA, MO, NC, NJ, NM, NY, NV, TX (Bernhauer 1907; Gusarov 2003a; Majka et al. 2008; Klimaszewski et al. 2011; Klimaszewski et al. 2012). Native.

Comments.

This widespread species apparently prefers open habitats with well-drained soil including dunes, beaches, limestone barrens, soybean fields, old fields, open gaps in spruce forest, riverbanks and on pavement (see references under ‘distribution’). The specimens from groundhog burrows were probably overwintering there.

[taxon-name: [genus: Strigota][species: obscurata]]

[taxon-authority: Klimaszewski & Brunke, sp. n.]

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:9AD7A325-4D27-411A-9748-93BF8829BD63

http://species-id.net/wiki/Strigota_obscurata

Figs 75150–154Map 75

Type locality.

Canada, Ontario, Wellington Co., Eramosa, Wellington Rd. 124 and 29, hedgerow nr. soybean field, 43.61 -80.21.

Type material.

Holotype (male): CANADA, ON: Wellington Co., Eramosa, Wellington Rd. 124 and 29, hedgerow, pitfall, 15.vi.2010, A. Brunke (DEBU).

Paratypes(2 males, 5 females, 7 sex unknown):labeled as the holotype, 6 sex? (DEBU); Huron Co., Auburn, soybean field, pitfall, 23.vi.2010, A. Brunke, 1 female, 1 male (DEBU); Manitoulin Distr.,Manitoulin Is., Misery Bay Prov. Nat. Res., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45°47'28"N, 82°44'58"W,] alvar, malaise trap, 15.vi to 2.vii.2010, Pivar et al., debu00325236, 1 female (DEBU), Manitoulin Is., Kip Fleming Tract, 8km SW Gore Bay, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45°52'13"N, 82°32'31"W,] oak savannah/alvar, under stones, 27–29.v.2010, A. Brunke, debu00323337, 1 female (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Barr property, 7 km NE Centreton, site 2, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 44°7'48"N, 77°59'3"W,] field, malaise pans, 16–27.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, debu01147152, 1 female (LFC), same data except: malaise, 26.vii to 12.viii.2011, debu01149211, 1 female (DEBU); Wellington Co., Guelph, hedgerow, 5.v.2009, A. Brunke, 1 male (LFC).

Diagnosis.

[taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] is readily separated from the other [taxon-name: Strigota] species by the combination of: median lobe constricted basally in parameral view (Fig. 150), male and female tergite VIII with apical margin sharply produced (Fig. 152), the dark coloration, including the legs, the body size (2.2–2.5mm) and elytra at suture distinctly shorter than the pronotum at midline (Fig. 75).

Description.

Body narrowly elongate, dark brown to black, with legs and/or tarsi brown, central disc of elytra sometimes with traces of reddish tinge, length 2.2–2.5 mm, moderately glossy, with dense, meshed microsculpture, pubescence short, dense and appearing somewhat silky; head convex, rounded posteriorly, postocular area at least slightly longer than the length of eye, pubescence directed towards midline of disc; antennae stout, antennomeres 1–3 strongly elongate, 4–5 subquadrate and 6–10 moderately transverse; pronotum slightly transverse, widest in basal third, pubescence directed obliquely posteriad, posteriad at midline; elytra transverse, at suture shorter than pronotum at midline, pubescence directed straight posteriad; abdomen subparallel with tergites II–IV deeply impressed basally; metatarsus with basal article as long as two following articles combined.

Male. Tergite VIII with bisinuate base and acutely produced apex, (Fig. 152); sternite VIII elongate with broad distance between base and antecostal suture, apex truncate (Fig. 153); median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with moderately sized bulbus, tubus of median lobe slightly produced ventrad, internal sac in lateral view with several short, inconspicuous sclerites (Fig. 151); median lobe of aedeagus in ventral (parameral) view with tubus constricted basally (Fig. 150).

Female. Tergite and sternite VIII similar to those of male; spermatheca with club-shaped capsule bearing a small invagination, stem sinuate and coiled apically (Fig. 154). The spermatheca of this species is nearly identical to that of [taxon-name: Strigota ambigua] except for the capsule, which is more sharply deflexed and of a different shape (Fig. 154, compare with illustrations in Gusarov (2003a)).

Distribution.

Presently, [taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] is known only from Ontario but it is expected to occur widely in northeastern North America.

Bionomics.

[taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] occurs in many of the same habitats as [taxon-name: Strigota ambigua] and was the most commonly collected rove beetle in southern Ontario soybean fields, frequently co-occurring with the latter species (Brunke et al. in prep.).

Etymology.

The specific name is the Latin word for ‘darkened’. This is in reference to the distinct, overall darker body colorationcompared to [taxon-name: Strigota ambigua], the only other eastern species of the genus.

Comments.

Prior to this publication there were five valid species of [taxon-name: Strigota] in North America: [taxon-name: Strigota ambigua] (Erichson) with numerous synonyms (see Gusarov (2003a)), [taxon-name: Strigota perplexa] Casey from Colorado, [taxon-name: Strigota seducens] Casey from California, [taxon-name: Strigota impiger] Casey from Washington and [taxon-name: Strigota intrudens] Casy from California. In an online catalog of [taxon-name: Athetini], Gusarov (2003b) regarded [taxon-name: Strigota impiger] Casey and [taxon-name: Strigota intrudens] Casey as unpublished synonyms of [taxon-name: Strigota seducens] Casey. We have examined the types of [taxon-name: Strigota perplexa] Casey and [taxon-name: Strigota seducens] Casey. The single specimen of [taxon-name: Strigota perplexa] in Casey’s collection is a dissected male but features of the aedeagus could not be examined due to overclearing. The distinctive tergite 8 of [taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] will easily differentiate it from [taxon-name: Strigota perplexa] until more specimens can be examined from the type locality (Colorado, Boulder Co.) so that the aedeagi can be compared.

The type series of [taxon-name: Strigota seducens] contains 6 specimens with the following data: Cal; ‘seducens-6’, Paratype USNM 39047; Casey bequest 1925; Gusarov lect. des. 2003 [unpublished designation]; our lectotype label, present designation, [1 male, dissected, with genitalia scarcely visible] (NMNH). Same data except: ‘seducens-2’; Gusarov paralect. des. 2003 [unpublished designation]; our paralectotype label, present designation, [1 female, dissected, spermatheca not located] (NMNH). Same data as first paralectotype except: ‘seducens-3’; [1 male, dissected, aedeagus not located] (NMNH). Same except: ‘seducens-4’; [1 female, dissected, with spermatheca] (NMNH). Same except: ‘seducens-5’; [1 sex?, not dissected]. Same except: ‘seducens-Type 39047’; seducens; [1 sex?, damaged, abdomen missing].

For the purpose of nomenclatural stability, we here designate the first mentioned specimen as a lectotype and the other 5 as paralectotypes. The spermatheca of one of the paralectotypes was compared to our specimens of [taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] and no important differences could be found; the only available aedeagus of [taxon-name: Strigota seducens] was barely visible in the permanent mount and could not be compared in detail. However, [taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] may be differentiated from [taxon-name: Strigota seducens] by the combination of characters in the diagnosis and the uniformly colored elytra (light brown in centre of the disc in [taxon-name: Strigota seducens]). The only other eastern species of the genus, [taxon-name: Strigota ambigua], is easily separated from [taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] by the larger size (2.4–3.0mm), less produced tergite 8 in both sexes, differently shaped aedeagus and spermatheca (Figs 150–151, 154 vs. illustrations in Gusarov (2003a)) and distinctly paler coloration of the appendages.

[taxon-name[genus: Trichiusa][species: compacta]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1894][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Trichiusa_compacta

Figs 76155–157Map 76

  • [taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta][comment: Casey, 1894: 341. Lectotype(female): USA, DC; Type USNM 39416; Casey bequest 1925; Lectotypus, male, [taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] Casey, V.I. Gusarov des. 2010 [unpublished designation]; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH).]
Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Chatham-Kent Co.,Rondeau Prov. Pk., 1 to 9.viii.1985, Int. trap at edge of oak forest, L. LeSage & A. Woodliffe, 1 (CNC), Rondeau Prov. Pk., South Point Trail, slough forest, leaf litter, 27.ix.2009, Brunke & Cheung, 1 (DEBU); Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller prop., 6 km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] forest, Berlese vernal pool litter, 17.v.2011, A. Brunke, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller prop., 6 km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] forest, sand ridge, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Cronmiller prop., 6 km W St. Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'21"N, 80°29'26"W,] low forest, malaise, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: DC, OH. Native.

Comments.

The species of [taxon-name: Trichiusa] are currently under revision by V. Gusarov and so [taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] is currently best recognized by the combination of habitus and the following sexual characters: median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with tubus narrow, evenly subparallel and narrowly rounded apically (not sharp) (Fig. 156); spermatheca with moderately large, spherical and basally narrowed capsule bearing a deep apical invagination, stem C-shaped, looped and twisted posteriad (Fig. 157).

[taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] appears to be forest inhabiting and was collected from a variety of passive traps and by sifting litter near vernal and semi-permanent forest pools.

[taxon-name[genus: Trichiusa][species: hirsuta]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1906][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Trichiusa_hirsuta

Figs 77158–160Map 77

  • [taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta][comment: Casey, 1906: 329. Lectotype (male): USA, Virginia; hirsuta Casey; Type USNM 39423; Casey bequest 1925; Lectotypus, male, [taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta] Casey, V.I. Gusarov des. 2011 [unpublished designation]; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH).]
Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Hald.-Norfolk Reg., Cronmiller prop., 6 km W St Williams, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°40'20"N, 80°29'29"W,] forest, sand ridge, malaise pan, 17.v to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU), Turkey Point Prov. Pk., site 1, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 42°41'48"N, 80°19'48"W,] forest, malaise pans, 17 to 31.v.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU); Northumberland Co., Barr prop., 7 km NE Centreton, site 1, 44°7'40"N, 77°58'57W, savannah, malaise pans, 16 to 27.vi.2011, Brunke & Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: VA. Native.

Comments.

This species is currently recognizable only by the combination of habitus (Fig. 77) and the following sexual characters: median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with tubus narrowed toward apex and sharply pointed apically (not rounded) (Figs 158–159); spermatheca with large, spherical and basally narrowed capsule bearing a small apical invagination, stem relatively straight, looped and twisted posteriad (Fig. 160).

Unlike [taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula], [taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta] was collected from upland forested or semi-forested habitats on sandy soil. More collections will help elucidate the habitat requirements of this species.

[taxon-name[genus: Trichiusa][species: robustula]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1894][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Trichiusa_robustula

Figs 78161–164Map 78

  • [taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula][comment: Casey, 1894: 343. Lectotype (male): USA, Iowa; robustula-8, Paratype USNM 39431; Casey bequest 1925; Lectotypus, male, [taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula] Casey, V.I. Gusarov des. 2011 [unpublished designation]; our lectotype designation label, present designation (NMNH).]
Material examined.

CANADA: ON: Chatham-Kent Co.,Rondeau Provincial Park, beach near entrance, 3.vi.1985, in debris on beach at high water line, A. Davies & J.M. Campbell, 2 (CNC), Rondeau Provincial Pk., South Beach, 5.vi.1985, in debris on beach at high water line, A. Davies & J.M. Campbell, 1 (CNC), Rondeau Provincial Park, Lakeshore Road, 6.vi.1985, sifted grass pile and leaves, A. Davies & J.M. Campbell, 3 (CNC);Essex Co., East Sister I. Prov. Nat. Res., 41°49’N 82°51’W, 30.vii.2003, shore, yellow pans, S.A. Marshall, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: IA. Native.

Comments.

This species is currently recognizable only by the combination of habitus (Fig. 78) and the following sexual characteristics: median lobe of aedeagus in lateral view with tubus relatively broad, evenly subparallel and rounded apically (not sharp at apex) (Fig. 162); spermatheca with tubular capsule bearing large and deep apical invagination, stem sinuate, looped and twisted posteriad (Figs 163–164).

This species has been collected from the shoreline of the Great Lakes or from debris nearby. Further collecting is needed to determine whether or not [taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula] is typical of lakeshore habitat.

Tribe [taxon-name: Lomechusini] Fleming, 1821
[taxon-name[genus: Zyras][species: planifer]]

[taxon-authority: (Casey, 1894)][taxon-status: New Canadian Record]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Zyras_planifer

Fig. 79Map 79, genitalia in Klimaszewski et al. (2005a)

Material examined.

CANADA: ON:Essex Co., Windsor, Ojibway Prairie, unburnt forest, yellow pans, 8 to 12.vi.2001, S.M. Paiero, 1 (DEBU).

Distribution.

Canada: ON; USA: DC, IN, NC (Klimaszewski et al. 2005a). Native.


General discussion

This project is part of a recent effort to document the Canadian biodiversity of the large staphylinid subfamily [taxon-name: Aleocharinae]. Prior investigations have involved the faunas of Vancouver Island (BC) (Klimaszewski and Winchester 2002), Yukon Territory (Klimaszewski et al. 2008; Klimaszewski et al. 2012), ‘arctic Canada’ (Lohse et al. 1990), southeastern Quebec (Klimaszewski et al. 2007), Newfoundland (Klimaszewski et al. 2011) and the Maritime Provinces (many references e.g., Webster et al. 2009; Majka and Klimaszewski 2010). Identification of Ontario material was greatly facilitated by the aforementioned research but was challenging in some cases compared to that of other regions of Canada due to the presence of more ‘southern’ groups of species or genera not found elsewhere in Canada. In many cases, these specimens were left for future research involving comprehensive revisions of genera, especially those of [taxon-name: Athetini]. Once these studies are undertaken, the known diversity of [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] in Canada is expected to rise dramatically. Nevertheless, the present contribution substantially increased the known Ontario fauna by 53%.

Although the specimens studied over the course of this project were from a variety of localities and survey projects, 62% of new distributional records were derived wholly or in part form material generated from a one-year Ontario arthropod survey, a partnership between the University of Guelph Insect Collection, Nature Conservancy of Canada and Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. We feel that the results of the present study demonstrate that species-level inventories can contribute data that significantly enrich our knowledge of Canadian biodiversity, both adventive and native. In the United States, all-taxa biological inventory projects such as the Great Smokey Mountains ATBI and the Boston Harbor Islands ATBI are making similar contributions to our knowledge of arthropod biodiversity (examples for [taxon-name: Coleoptera]: Park, Carlton et al. 2010; Davidson and Rykken 2011).

Considering the high return of discoveries made during the present study from a relatively small amount of material, it is clear that the checklist of Ontario [taxon-name: Aleocharinae] provided here represents only a preliminary but important baseline. Undoubtedly, more new species await description and several adventive species known elsewhere in eastern Canada have not yet been recorded from Ontario. We hope that this new baseline will act as a useful intermediate step towards the documentation of Canada’s arthropod biodiversity.


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Acknowledgements

Funding for the Ontario Arthropod Surveys (2010, 20111) was provided by the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) and the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR). JK thanks Natural Resources Canada for their support of this project. The samples from Ontario soybean fields were collected over the course of the Masters thesis of AJB and supported by funding from the Grain Farmers of Ontario, an OMAFRA-University of Guelph Sustainable Production Systems research grant awarded to Rebecca Hallett (University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada) and an NSERC PGS-M and rare charitable research scholarship awarded to AJB. We thank the following for assistance with and permission to conduct sampling on their properties: NCC, OMNR, Ontario Parks, rare charitable research reserve, University of Guelph Arboretum, and A.K. Dewdney (Newport Forest, Wardsville, Ontario, Canada). We thank everyone who provided field assistance for the survey projects especially: Cody Anderson, Lauren DesMarteaux, David Makynen, Adam Jewiss-Gaines and Robert Pivar. We are grateful to the following people who provided access to specimens under their care: A. Davies (CNC), A. Newton and M. Thayer (FMNH), M. Sörensson (MZLU), D. Furth and F. Shockley (NMNH), R. Webster (cRW) and J. Frisch (ZMB). We thank one anonymous reviewer and A. Davies for corrections and correspondence that greatly improved the manuscript. Additionally, A. Davies graciously provided published and unpublished distribution data from his database. We are grateful to M. Thayer for producing the habitus image of [taxon-name: Stethusa klimschi]. V. Gusarov (University of Oslo, Norway) kindly provided information regarding the online North American record of [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] and other helpful correspondence.


References
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Ashe JS. (Year: 1986)Phanerota cubensis and Phanerota brunnessa n. sp., with a key to the species of Phanerota occurring in Florida (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).The Florida Entomologist 69: 236-245 doi: 10.2307/3494766
Ashe JS. (Year: 1992) Phylogeny and revision of genera of the subtribe Bolitocharina (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 54: 335-406
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Assing V. (Year: 2002) A taxonomic and phylogenetic revision of Amarochara Thomson. I. The species of the Holarctic region (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae, Oxypodini).Beiträge zur Entomologie 52: 111-204
Assing V. (Year: 2007) A revision of Amarochara of the Holarctic region. III. A new species, a new synonym, and additional records (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).Zootaxa 1411: 25-32
Assing V,Wunderle P. (Year: 2008) On the Alevonota species of the Western Palaearctic region (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae: Athetini). Beiträge zur Entomologie 58: 145–189.]
Bernhauer M. (Year: 1907) Neue Aleocharini aus Nordamerika. (Col.) (3. Stück.).Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1907: 381-405
Bernhauer M. (Year: 1909) Neue Aleocharini aus Nordamerika. (Col.) (4. Stück.).Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1909: 515-528
Blatchley WS. (Year: 1910) An illustrated descriptive catalog of the Coleoptera or beetles (exclusive of the Rhynchophora) known to occur in Indiana.The Nature Publishing Co., Indianapolis, Indiana, 1386 pp.doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.56580
Byers RA,Barker GM,Davidson RL,Hoebeke ER,Sanderson MA. (Year: 2000) Richness and abundance of Carabidae and Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) in northeastern dairy pastures under intensive grazing.The Great Lakes Entomologist 33: 81-106
Campbell JM,Davies A. (Year: 1991) Family Staphylinidae. In: Bousquet Y (Ed) Checklist of beetles of Canada and Alaska. Research Branch Agriculture Canada Publication 1861/E: vi + 86–124.
Casey TL. (Year: 1894) Coleopterological notices. V. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 7: 281–606, pl. 1.
Casey TL. (Year: 1906) Observations on the staphylinid groups Aleocharinae and Xantholinini, chiefly of America.Transactions of the Academy of Science of St Louis 16: 125-434
Casey TL. (Year: 1910) New species of the staphylinid tribe Myrmedoniini. In: Memoirs on the Coleoptera 1. New Era Printing Co., Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1–183. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.1159
Casey TL. (Year: 1911) New American species of Aleocharinae and Myllaeninae. In: Memoirs on the Coleoptera. II. The New Era Printing Co., Lancaster, Pennsylvannia, 1–245.
Davidson RL,Rykken J. (Year: 2011) Rediscovery of Bembidion (Lymnaeum) nigropiceum (Marsham) (= puritanum Hayward) in Massachusetts, with remarks on biology and habitat (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Bembidiini).ZooKeys 147: 487-496 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.147.210522379389
Downie NM,Arnett RH. (Year: 1996) The Beetles of Northeastern North America. Volume 1: Introduction; suborders Archostemata, Adephaga, and Polyphaga through superfamily Cantharoidea.The Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville FL, 880 pp.
Fauvel A. (Year: 1889) Liste des coléoptères communs à l’Europe et a l’Amerique du Nord. D’après le catalogue de M. J. Hamilton. Avec remarques et additions.Revue Entomologique 8: 92-174
Génier F. (Year: 1989) A revision of the genus Hoplandria Kraatz of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada No. 150, 59pp.
Génier F,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 1986) Review of the Types of the Genus Platandria Casey with a key to the species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).The Coleopterists Bulletin 40: 201-216
Gouix N,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 2007) Catalogue of aleocharine rove beetles of Canada and Alaska (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae).Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Moscow, 165 pp.
Gusarov VI. (Year: 2003a) Revision of some types of North American aleocharines (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), with synonymic notes.Zootaxa 353: 1-134
Gusarov VI. (Year: 2003b) A catalogue of the athetine species of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae: Athetini).http://nhm.ku.edu/ksem/peet/cata_web.htm [accessed January 2012].
Gusarov VI. (Year: 2003c) A revision of the Nearctic species of the genus Stethusa Casey, 1910 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).Zootaxa 239: 1-43
Hanley RS. (Year: 2003) Generic revision of the staphylinid beetle tribe Hoplandriini (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 138: 83-140 doi: 10.1046/j.1096-3642.2003.00060.x
Horion AD. (Year: 1967) Faunistik der Mitteleuropaïschen Käfer. Volume II, Staphylinidae, part 3 Habrocerinae bis Aleocharinae (Ohne Subtribus Athetae). P.C. W. Schmidt, Überlingen-Bodensee, xxiv + 4190 pp pp.
Jones CM. (Year: 1967)Aleochara tristis, a Natural Enemy of Face Fly. I. Introduction and Laboratory Rearing.Journal of Economic Entomology 60: 816-817
Klimaszewski J. (Year: 1979) A revision of the Gymnusini and Deinopsini of the world (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Research Branch Agriculture Canada Monograph No.25: 1-169
Klimaszewski J. (Year: 1982a) A revision of the Gymnusini and Deinopsini of the world (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Supplementum 2.The Canadian Entomologist 114: 317-335 doi: 10.4039/Ent114317-4
Klimaszewski J. (Year: 1982b) Studies of Myllaenini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). 1. Systematics, phylogeny, and zoogeography of Nearctic Myllaena Erichson.The Canadian Entomologist 114: 181-242 doi: 10.4039/Ent114181-3
Klimaszewski J. (Year: 1984) A revision of the genus Aleochara Gravenhorst of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada No.129: 1-211 doi: 10.4039/entm116129fv
Klimaszewski J,Assing V,Majka CG,Pelletier G,Webster RP,Langor DW. (Year: 2007a) Records of adventive aleocharine beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) found in Canada.The Canadian Entomologist 139: 54-79 doi: 10.4039/n05-105
Klimaszewski J,Cervenka VJ. (Year: 1986) A revision of the genus Aleochara (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) of America north of Mexico. Supplement 3. New distribution data.Entomological News 97: 119-120
Klimaszewski J,Frank JH. (Year: 1992a) New distribution data for New World Gymnusini and Deinopsini, with description of a new species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Supplement 5.The Coleopterists Bulletin 46: 242-249
Klimaszewski J,Frank JH. (Year: 1992b) New distributional data for Nearctic Myllaena Erichson (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Supplement 2.The Coleopterists Bulletin 46: 397-402
Klimaszewski J,Frank JH. (Year: 1992c) New distributional data for Nearctic Aleochara Gravenhorst (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).The Coleopterists Bulletin 46: 281-285
Klimaszewski J,Génier F. (Year: 1985) A revision of the Gymnusini and Deinopsini of the World (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) Supplement 3.The Coleopterists Bulletin 39: 60-66
Klimaszewski J,Génier F. (Year: 1986) New distribution and collection data for Nearctic Myllaena Erichson: Studies of Myllaenini (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), Supplement 1.The Coleopterists Bulletin 40: 33-36
Klimaszewski J,Génier F. (Year: 1987) A revision of the genus Aleochara Gravenhorst of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Supplement 4. New distribution data and description of two new species.The Coleopterists Bulletin 41: 241-248
Klimaszewski J,Godin B,Bourdon C. (Year: 2012) Further contributions to the aleocharine fauna of the Yukon Territory, Canada (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae). In: Klimaszewski J,Anderson R. (Eds). Biosystematics and Ecology of Canadian Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) II.ZooKeys 186: 207–237 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.186.2674
Klimaszewski J,Godin B,Pelletier G,Savard K. (Year: 2008a) Six new species and records of aleocharine beetles from the Yukon and Alaska (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).The Canadian Entomologist 140: 265-291 doi: 10.4039/n07-054
Klimaszewski J,Majka CG. (Year: 2007a)Euvira micmac, a new species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), and first record of the genus in Canada.The Canadian Entomologist 139: 147-153 doi: 10.4039/n05-098
Klimaszewski J,Majka CG. (Year: 2007b) Two new Atheta species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) from eastern Canada: taxonomy, bionomics, and Distribution.The Canadian Entomologist 139: 45-53 doi: 10.4039/n05-089
Klimaszewski J,Langor D,Majka CG,Bouchard P,Bousquet Y,Lesage L,Smetana A,Sylvestre P,Pelletier G,Davies A,DesRochers P,Goulet H,Webster RP,Sweeney J. (Year: 2010) Review of adventive species of Coleoptera (Insecta) recorded from eastern Canada.Pensoft, Sofia, Moscow, 272 pp.
Klimaszewski J,Langor D,Pelletier G,Bourdon C,Perdereau L. (Year: 2011) Aleocharine beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Moscow, 313 pp.
Klimaszewski J,Langor D,Savard K,Pelletier G,Chandler DS,Sweeney J. (Year: 2007b) Rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in yellow birch-dominated stands of southeastern Quebec, Canada: Diversity, abundance, and description of a new species.The Canadian Entomologist 139: 793-833 doi: 10.4039/n06-057
Klimaszewski J,Peck SB. (Year: 1986) A review of the cavernicolous Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of eastern North America: Part I. Aleocharinae.Quaestiones Entomologicae 22: 51-113
Klimaszewski J,Pelletier G,Germain C,Hébert C,Humble LM,Winchester NN. (Year: 2001) Diversity of Placusa (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) in Canada, with descriptions of two new species.The Canadian Entomologist 133: 1-47 doi: 10.4039/Ent1331-1
Klimaszewski J,Pelletier G,Majka CG. (Year: 2004) A revision of Canadian Leptusa Kraatz (Col., Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae): new species, new distributional records, key and taxonomic considerations.Belgian Journal of Entomology 6: 3-42
Klimaszewski J,Pelletier G,Maruyama M,Hlaváč P. (Year: 2005a) Canadian species of the Zyras group of genera and review of the types from America north of Mexico (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae).Revue Suisse de Zoologie 112: 703-7
Klimaszewski J,Pelletier G,Sweeney J. (Year: 2002) Genus Tinotus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae) from America north of Mexico: review of the types, distribution records, and key to species.The Canadian Entomologist 134: 281-298 doi: 10.4039/Ent134281-3
Klimaszewski J,Savard K,Pelletier G,Webster RP. (Year: 2008b) Species review of the genus Gnypeta Thomson from Canada, Alaska and Greenland (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae): systematics, bionomics and Distribution.ZooKeys 2: 11-84 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.2.4
Klimaszewski J,Sweeney J,Price J,Pelletier G. (Year: 2005b) Rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in red spruce stands, eastern Canada: diversity, abundance, and descriptions of new species.The Canadian Entomologist 137: 1-48 doi: 10.4039/n03-123
Klimaszewski J,Webster RP,Savard K. (Year: 2009) Review of the rove beetle species of the subtribe Gyrophaenina Kraatz (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from New Brunswick, Canada: new species, provincial records and bionomic information.ZooKeys 22: 81-170 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.22.219
Klimaszewski J,Winchester NN. (Year: 2002) Aleocharine rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of the ancient Sitka spruce forest on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.Mémoires de la Société royale belge d’Entomologie 40: 1-126
Lohse GA,Klimaszewski J,Smetana A. (Year: 1990) Revision of Arctic Aleocharinae of North America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).The Coleopterists Bulletin 44: 121-202
Lohse GA,Smetana A. (Year: 1985) Revision of the types of species of Oxypodini and Athetini (sensu Seevers) described by Mannerheim and Mäklin from North America (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).The Coleopterists Bulletin 39: 281-300
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 2008a) Introduced Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) in the Maritime Provinces of Canada.The Canadian Entomologist 140: 48-72 doi: 10.4039/n06-099
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 2008b) Adventive Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of the Maritime Provinces of Canada: further contributions.ZooKeys 2: 151-174 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.2.5
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 2008c) New records of Canadian Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).ZooKeys 2: 85-114 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.2.7
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 2010) Contributions to the knowledge of the Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) in the Maritime Provinces of Canada.ZooKeys 46: 15-39 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.46.413
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Year: 2011) Maritime Provinces Staphylinidae (Coleoptera): Addenda and corrigenda.ZooKeys 126: 77-80 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.126.177821998543
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J,Lauff RF. (Year: 2006) New Coleoptera records from owl nests in Nova Scotia, Canada.Zootaxa 1194: 33-47
Majka CG,Klimaszewski J,Lauff RF. (Year: 2008) The coastal rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of Atlantic Canada: a survey and new records.ZooKeys 2: 115-150 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.2.2
Moore I,Legner EF. (Year: 1975) A catalogue of the Staphylinidae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera). University of California, Division of Agricultural Science, Special Publication No.3015: 1-514
Newton A,Thayer MK,Ashe JS,Chandler DS. (Year: 2000) Staphylinidae Latrielle, 1802. In: Arnett RH,Thomas MC. (Eds). American beetles, Volume 1.Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida: 299-374
Park J-S,Carlton CE,Ferro ML. (Year: 2010) Diversity and taxonomic review of Leptusa Kraatz (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae) from Great Smoky Mountains National Park, U.S.A., with descriptions of four new species.Zootaxa 2662: 1-27
Paśnik G. (Year: 2010) Phylogeny and generic classification of Tachyusini (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae).Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, 129 pp.
Rhoades PR,Klingeman WE,Trigiano RN,Skinner JA. (Year: 2011) Evaluating Pollination Biology of Cornus florida L. and C. kousa (Buerger ex. Miq.) Hance (Cornaceae: Cornales).Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 84: 285-297 doi: 10.2317/JKES110418.1
Seevers CH. (Year: 1951) A revision of the North American and European staphylinid beetles of the subtribe Gyrophaenae (Aleocharinae, Bolitocharini).Fieldiana: Zoology 32: 657-762
Seevers CH. (Year: 1978) A generic and tribal revision of the North American Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) [with additions and annotations by Lee H. Herman]. Fieldiana: Zoology 71: i-vi, 1–289.
Smetana A. (Year: 1971) Revision of the tribe Quediini of America North of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Supplementum.The Canadian Entomologist 103: 1833-1848 doi: 10.4039/Ent1031833-12
Smetana A. (Year: 1995) Rove beetles of the subtribe Philonthina of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Classification, phylogeny and taxonomic revision. Memoirs on Entomology, International 3: 945.
Smetana A. (Year: 2004) Family Staphylinidae Latreille, 1802, subfamilies Phloeocharinae-Apateticinae In: Löbl I,Smetana A. (Eds). Catalogue of Palearctic Coleoptera.Volume 2. Hydrophiloidea - Histeroidea – Staphylinoidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup: 329-495
Webster RP,Klimaszewski J,Pelletier G,Savard K. (Year: 2009) New Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) records with new collection data from New Brunswick, Canada. I. Aleocharinae.ZooKeys 22: 171-248 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.22.152
Webster RP,Smetana A,Sweeney JD,DeMerchant I. (Year: 2012) New Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) records with new collection data from New Brunswick and an addition to the fauna of Quebec: Staphylininae. In: Klimaszewski J,Anderson R. (Eds). Biosystematics and Ecology of Canadian Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) II.ZooKeys 186: 293–348 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.186.2469

Figures

[Figure ID: F1]
Figures 1–6. 

Dorsal habitus of: 1[taxon-name: Deinopsis illinoisensis] Klimaszewski 2[taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 3[taxon-name: Aleochara lustrica] Say 4[taxon-name: Aleochara tristis] Gravenhorst 5[taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] Casey 6[taxon-name: Hoplandria klimaszewskii] Génier. Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F2]
Maps 1–4. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 1[taxon-name: Deinopsis illinoisensis] Klimaszewski 2[taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 3[taxon-name: Aleochara lustrica] Say 4[taxon-name: Aleochara tristis] Gravenhorst.



[Figure ID: F3]
Maps 5–8. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 5[taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] Casey 6[taxon-name: Hoplandria klimaszewskii] Génier 7[taxon-name: Hoplandria laevicollis] (Notman) 8.[taxon-name: Hoplandria laeviventris] Casey.



[Figure ID: F4]
Figures 7–12. 

Dorsal habitus of: 7[taxon-name: Hoplandria laevicollis] (Notman) 8[taxon-name: Hoplandria laeviventris] Casey 9[taxon-name: Platandria carolinae] Gyllenhal 10[taxon-name: Amarochara brevios] Assing 11[taxon-name: Amarochara fenyesi] Blatchley 12[taxon-name: Crataraea suturalis] (Mannerheim). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F5]
Maps 9–12. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 9.[taxon-name: Platandria carolinae] Gyllenhal 10.[taxon-name: Amarochara brevios] Assing 11[taxon-name: Amarochara fenyesi] Blatchley 12[taxon-name: Crataraea suturalis] (Mannerheim).



[Figure ID: F6]
Figures 13–18. 

Dorsal habitus of: 13[taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] (Casey) 14[taxon-name: Ilyobates bennetti] Donisthorpe 15[taxon-name: Ocyusa canadensis] Lohse 16[taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescans] Casey 17[taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] (Casey) 18[taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa] (Casey). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F7]
Maps 13–16. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 13[taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] (Casey) 14[taxon-name: Ilyobates bennetti] Donisthorpe 15[taxon-name: Ocyusa canadensis] Lohse 16[taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescens] Casey.



[Figure ID: F8]
Maps 17–20. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 17[taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] (Casey) 18[taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa] (Casey) 19[taxon-name: Brachyusa helenae] (Casey) 20[taxon-name: Gnypeta helenae] Casey.



[Figure ID: F9]
Figures 19–24. 

Dorsal habitus of: 19[taxon-name: Brachyusa helenae] (Casey) 20[taxon-name: Gnypeta helenae] Casey 21[taxon-name: Gnypeta nigrella] (LeConte) 22[taxon-name: Myllaena cuneata] Notman 23[taxon-name: Myllaena potawatomi] Klimaszewski 24[taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F10]
Maps 21–24. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 21[taxon-name: Gnypeta nigrella] (LeConte) 22[taxon-name: Myllaena cuneata] Notman 23[taxon-name: Myllaena potawatomi] Klimaszewski. World distribution of: 24[taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.



[Figure ID: F12]
Figures 25–30. 

Dorsal habitus of: 25[taxon-name: Eumicrota corruscula] (Erichson) 26[taxon-name: Eumicrota socia] (Erichson) 27[taxon-name: Euvira micmac] Klimaszewski & Majka 28[taxon-name: Gyrophaena affinis] Mannerheim 29[taxon-name: Gyrophaena antennalis] Casey 30[taxon-name: Gyrophaena brevicollis] Seevers. Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F11]
Maps 25–28. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 25[taxon-name: Eumicrota corruscula] (Erichson) 26[taxon-name: Eumicrota socia] (Erichson) 27[taxon-name: Euvira micmac] Klimaszewski & Majka 28[taxon-name: Gyrophaena affinis] Mannerheim.



[Figure ID: F13]
Maps 29–32. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 29[taxon-name: Gyrophaena antennalis] Casey 30[taxon-name: Gyrophaena brevicollis] Seevers 31[taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi] Seevers 32[taxon-name: Gyrophaena criddlei] Casey.



[Figure ID: F14]
Figures 31–36. 

Dorsal habitus of: 31[taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi] Seevers 32[taxon-name: Gyrophaena criddlei] Casey 33[taxon-name: Gyrophaena dybasi] Seevers 34[taxon-name: Gyrophaena fuscicollis] Casey 35[taxon-name: Gyrophaena gilvicollis] Casey 36[taxon-name: Gyrophaena meduxnekeagensis] Klimaszewski and Webster. Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F15]
Maps 33–36. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 33[taxon-name: Gyrophaena dybasi] Seevers 34[taxon-name: Gyrophaena fuscicollis] Casey 35[taxon-name: Gyrophaena gilvicollis] Casey 36[taxon-name: Gyrophaena meduxnekeagensis] Klimaszewski and Webster.



[Figure ID: F17]
Figures 37–42. 

Dorsal habitus of: 37[taxon-name: Gyrophaena modesta] Casey 38[taxon-name: Gyrophaena neonana] Seevers 39[taxon-name: Gyrophaena stroheckeri] Seevers 40[taxon-name: Gyrophaena uteana] Casey 41[taxon-name: Leptusa carolinensis] Pace 42[taxon-name: Phanerota fasciata] (Say). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F16]
Maps 37–40. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 37[taxon-name: Gyrophaena modesta] Casey 38[taxon-name: Gyrophaena neonana] Seevers 39[taxon-name: Gyrophaena stroheckeri] Seevers 40[taxon-name: Gyrophaena uteana] Casey.



[Figure ID: F18]
Maps 41–44. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 41[taxon-name: Leptusa carolinensis] Pace 42[taxon-name: Phanerota fasciata] (Say) 43[taxon-name: Phymatura blanchardi] (Casey) 44[taxon-name: Thecturota pusio] (Casey).



[Figure ID: F19]
Figures 43–48. 

Dorsal habitus of: 43[taxon-name: Phymatura blanchardi] (Casey) 44[taxon-name: Thecturota pusio] (Casey) 45[taxon-name: Placusa incompleta] Sjöberg 46[taxon-name: Placusa vaga] Casey 47[taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] (Casey) 48[taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] (Bernhauer). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F20]
Maps 45–48. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 45[taxon-name: Placusa incompleta] Sjöberg 46[taxon-name: Placusa vaga] Casey 47[taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] (Casey) 48[taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] (Bernhauer).



[Figure ID: F22]
Figures 49–54. 

Dorsal habitus of: 49[taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] (Erichson) 50[taxon-name: Aloconota sulcifrons] (Stephens) 51[taxon-name: Atheta capsularis] Klimaszewski 52[taxon-name: Atheta aemula] (Erichson) 53[taxon-name: Atheta borealis] Klimaszewski & Langor 54[taxon-name: Atheta circulicollis] Lohse. Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F21]
Maps 49–52. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 49[taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] (Erichson) 50[taxon-name: Aloconota sulcifrons] (Stephens) 51[taxon-name: Atheta capsularis] Klimaszewski 52[taxon-name: Atheta aemula] (Erichson).



[Figure ID: F23]
Maps 53–56. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 53[taxon-name: Atheta borealis] Klimaszewski and Langor 54[taxon-name: Atheta circulicollis] Lohse 55[taxon-name: Atheta particula] (Casey) 56[taxon-name: Atheta burwelli] (Lohse).



[Figure ID: F24]
Figures 55–60. 

Dorsal habitus of: 55[taxon-name: Atheta particula] (Casey) 56[taxon-name: Atheta burwelli] (Lohse) 57[taxon-name: Atheta campbelli] Lohse 58[taxon-name: Atheta pseudocrenuliventris] Klimaszewski 59[taxon-name: Atheta terranovae] Klimaszewski & Langor 60[taxon-name: Atheta savardae] Klimaszewski & Majka. Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F25]
Maps 57–60. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 57[taxon-name: Atheta campbelli] Lohse 58[taxon-name: Atheta pseudocrenuliventris] Klimaszewski 59[taxon-name: Atheta terranovae] Klimaszewski and Langor 60[taxon-name: Atheta savardae] Klimaszewski and Majka.



[Figure ID: F26]
Figures 61–66. 

Dorsal habitus of: 61[taxon-name: Atheta alesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 62[taxon-name: Atheta festinans] (Erichson) 63[taxon-name: Atheta nescia] (Casey) 64[taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] Gravenhorst 65[taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] (Erichson) 66[taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F27]
Maps 61–64. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 61[taxon-name: Atheta alesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 62[taxon-name: Atheta festinans] (Erichson) 63[taxon-name: Atheta nescia] (Casey) 64[taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] Gravenhorst.



[Figure ID: F28]
Maps 65–68. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 65[taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] (Erichson) 66[taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 67[taxon-name: Mocyta breviuscula] (Mäklin) 68[taxon-name: Philhygra jarmilae] Klimaszewski & Langor.



[Figure ID: F29]
Figures 67–72. 

Dorsal habitus of: 67[taxon-name: Mocyta breviuscula] (Mäklin) 68[taxon-name: Philhygra jarmilae] Klimaszewski & Langor 69[taxon-name: Philhygra laevicollis] (Mäklin) 70.[taxon-name: Philhygra luridipennis] (Mannerheim) 71[taxon-name: Philhygra proterminalis] (Bernhauer) 72[taxon-name: Stethusa klimschi] (Bernhauer). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F30]
Maps 69–72. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 69[taxon-name: Philhygra laevicollis] (Mäklin) 70[taxon-name: Philhygra luridipennis] (Mannerheim) 71.[taxon-name: Philhygra proterminalis] (Bernhauer) 72[taxon-name: Stethusa klimschi] (Bernhauer).



[Figure ID: F31]
Figures 73–78. 

Dorsal habitus of: 73[taxon-name: Stethusa spuriella] (Casey) 74[taxon-name: Strigota ambigua] (Erichson) 75[taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 76[taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] Casey 77[taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta] Casey 78[taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula] (Casey). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F32]
Maps 73–76. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 73[taxon-name: Stethusa spuriella] (Casey) 74[taxon-name: Strigota ambigua] (Erichson) 75[taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. 76[taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] Casey.



[Figure ID: F33]
Maps 77–79. 

Distribution in Ontario of: 77[taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta] Casey 78[taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula] (Casey) 79[taxon-name: Zyras planifer] (Casey).



[Figure ID: F34]
Figure 79. 

Dorsal habitus of [taxon-name: Zyras planifer] (Casey). Scale 1mm.



[Figure ID: F35]
Figures 80–89. 

[taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.: 80 aedeagus in lateral view 81 male tergite 8 82 male sternite 8. [taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] (Casey) 83 aedeagus in abparameral view 84 aedeagus in lateral view 85 male tergite 8 86 male sternite 8 87 spermatheca 88 female tergite 8 89 female sternite 8. Scale 0.2 mm.



[Figure ID: F36]
Figures 90–102. 

[taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescans] Casey 90 aedeagus lateral view. [taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] (Casey) 91 spermatheca 92 female tergite 8 93 female sternite 8. [taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa] (Casey) 94 aedeagus in lateral view [specimen from type series North Carolina] 95 aedeagus in abparameral view [Newfoundland] 96 aedeagus in lateral view [Newfoundland] 97 male tergite 8 98 male sternite 8 99 spermatheca [specimen from type series North Carolina] 100 spermatheca [Newfoundland] 101 female tergite 8 102 female sternite 8. Scale 0.2 mm.



[Figure ID: F37]
Figures 103–115. 

[taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.: 103 aedeagus lateral view 104 male tergite 8 105 male sternite 8. [taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi] Seevers: 106 aedeagus lateral view 107 male tergite 8 108 male sternite 8. [taxon-name: Thecturota pusio] (Casey) 109 aedeagus lateral view 110 aedeagus abparameral view 111 male tergite 8 112 male sternite 8 113 spermatheca 114 female tergite 8 115 female sternite 8. Scale 0.2 mm.



[Figure ID: F38]
Figures 116–131. 

[taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] (Casey) 116 aedeagus abparameral view 117 aedeagus lateral view internal sac retracted 118 aedeagus lateral view internal sac everted 119 male tergite 8 120 male sternite 8 121–122 spermathecae 123 female tergite 8 124 female sternite 8. [taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] (Bernhauer): 125 aedeagus abparameral view 126 aedeagus lateral view 127 male tergite 8 128 male sternite 8 129 spermatheca 130 female tergite 8 131 female sternite 8. Scale 0.2 mm.



[Figure ID: F39]
Figures 132–149. 

[taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] (Erichson) 132 aedeagus lateral view 133 male tergite 8 134 male sternite 8. [taxon-name: Atheta (Microdota) alesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.: 135 aedeagus abparameral view 136 aedeagus lateral view 137 male tergite 8 138 male sternite 8 139 spermatheca 140 female tergite 8 141 female sternite 8. [taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] Gravenhorst: 142 aedeagus lateral view 143 spermatheca. [taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] (Erichson) 144 aedeagus lateral view 145 spermatheca. [taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] Klimaszewski and Brunke sp. n.: 146 aedeagus lateral view 147 male tergite 8 148 male sternite 8. [taxon-name: Philhygra proterminalis] (Bernhauer): 149 aedeagus lateral view. Scale 0.2 mm.



[Figure ID: F40]
Figures 150–164. 

[taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n.: 150 aedeagus parameral view 151 aedeagus lateral view 152 male tergite 8 153 male sternite 8 154 spermatheca. [taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] Casey 155 aedeagus abparameral view 156 aedeagus lateral view 157 spermatheca. [taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta] Casey 158 aedeagus lateral view internal sac retracted 159 aedeagus lateral view internal sac everted 160 spermatheca. [taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula] Casey 161 aedeagus abparameral view 162 aedeagus lateral view 163–164 spermathecae. Scale 0.2 mm.



Tables
[TableWrap ID: T1] Table 1. 

Species of Aleocharinae recorded from Ontario and their provincial and territorial distribution within Canada. Provinces in bold denote new records given in the present publication. Additional records provided by A. Davies (see Methods) are marked by *.


Tribe [taxon-name: Gymnusini]
[taxon-name: Gymnusa atra] Casey YT, NT, NU, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Gymnusa campbelli] Klimaszewski YT, NT, MB*, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gymnusa grandiceps] Casey MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Gymnusa pseudovariegata] Klimaszewski YT, NT, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Gymnusa smetanai] Klimaszewski YT, NT, MB, ON, NL
Tribe [taxon-name: Deinopsini]
[taxon-name: Deinopsis canadensis] Klimaszewski ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Deinopsis harringtoni] Casey MB*, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Deinopsis illinoisensis] Klimaszewski ON
[taxon-name: Deinopsis rhadina] Klimaszewski ON, QC*, NB
Tribe [taxon-name: Aleocharini]
[taxon-name: Aleochara assiniboin] Klimaszewski YT, BC, SK, MB, ON
[taxon-name: Aleochara bilineata] Gyllenhal † BC, AB, SK*, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara bimaculata] Gravenhorst NT, BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara castaneipennis] Mannerheim YT, NT*, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara curtula] (Goeze) † BC, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara daviesi] Klimaszewski & Brunke, sp.n. ON
[taxon-name: Aleochara fumata] Gravenhorst † YT, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara gracilicornis] Bernhauer NT, BC, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Aleochara inexpectata] Klimaszewski ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Aleochara lacertina] Sharp BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara lanuginosa] Gravenhorst † BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara lata] Gravenhorst† YT, BC, SK, MB, ON, QC
[taxon-name: Aleochara lustrica] Say ON
[taxon-name: Aleochara ocularis] Klimaszewski MB, ON, QC
[taxon-name: Aleochara rubricalis] (Casey) BC, ON (doubtful record)
[taxon-name: Aleochara rubripennis] (Casey) MB, ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Aleochara sculptiventris] (Casey) ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara sekanai] Klimaszewski YT, NT*, AB, MB, ON, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara speculicollis] Bernhauer AB, ON, QC
[taxon-name: Aleochara tahoensis] Casey YT, NT, BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Aleochara thoracica] Casey ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara tristis] Gravenhorst† ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Aleochara verna] Say YT, BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Tinotus caviceps] Casey ON, QC
[taxon-name: Tinotus morion] (Gravenhorst) † BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Tinotus trisectus] Casey ON
Tribe [taxon-name: Hoplandriini]
[taxon-name: Hoplandria klimaszewskii] Génier ON, QC
[taxon-name: Hoplandria laevicollis] (Notman) ON, QC
[taxon-name: Hoplandria laeviventris] Casey ON
[taxon-name: Hoplandria lateralis] (Melsheimer) ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Platandria carolinae] Casey ON
Tribe [taxon-name: Oxypodini]
[taxon-name: Amarochara brevios] Assing ON
[taxon-name: Amarochara fenyesi] Blatchley ON
[taxon-name: Calodera parviceps] (Casey) YT, ON, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Crataraea suturalis] (Mannerheim) † BC, SK, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Devia prospera] (Erichson) YT, NT, BC, AB, MB, ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Dexiogyia angustiventris] (Casey) ON
[taxon-name: Gennadota canadensis] Casey ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Hylota ochracea] Casey NT, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Ilyobates bennetti] Donisthorpe † ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Meotica ‘pallens’] Redtenbacher † BC, ON, NS
[taxon-name: Ocyusa canadensis] Lohse YT, ON
[taxon-name: Oxypoda amica] Casey YT, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Oxypoda brachyptera] (Stephens) † ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda canadensis] Klimaszewski YT, NT, AB, MB, ON, QC, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda chantali] Klimaszewski ON, QC, NS
[taxon-name: Oxypoda convergens] Casey AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda demissa] Casey YT, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda frigida] Bernhauer YT, NT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda gnara] Casey ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Oxypoda grandipennis] (Casey) YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda hiemalis] Casey YT, NT, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda lacustris] Casey YT, NT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda lucidula] Casey YT, NT, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda opaca] (Gravenhorst) † BC, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda operta] Sjöberg YT, AB, ON, QC, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda orbicollis] Casey YT, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda perexilis] Casey ON, QC, NS
[taxon-name: Oxypoda pseudolacustris] Klimaszewski AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Oxypoda rubescans] Casey ON
[taxon-name: Oxypoda vockerothi] Klimaszewski ON, NB
[taxon-name: Parocyusa americana] (Casey) ON
[taxon-name: Parocyusa fuliginosa] (Casey) ON, NL
[taxon-name: Phloeopora arctica] Lohse YT, NT, ON
Tribe [taxon-name: Tachyusini]
[taxon-name: Brachyusa helenae] (Casey) YT, NT, ON, NB,NL
[taxon-name: Gnypeta caerulea] (Sahlberg) YT, NT, BC*, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Gnypeta canadensis] Klimaszewski AB, ON
[taxon-name: Gnypeta carbonaria] (Mannerheim) NT, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gnypeta helenae] Casey BC, AB, ON
[taxon-name: Gnypeta nigrella] (LeConte) ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Meronera venustula] (Erichson) ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Tachyusa americana] Casey ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Tachyusa americanoides] Paśnik NT, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
Tribe [taxon-name: Hypocyphtini]
[taxon-name: Cypha inexpectata] Klimaszewski & Godin YT, ON
Tribe [taxon-name: Myllaenini]
[taxon-name: Myllaena arcana] Casey AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Myllaena audax] Casey NT, BC, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Myllaena cuneata] Notman ON, NS
[taxon-name: Myllaena insomnis] Casey YT, NT, BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Myllaena lucidificans] Casey ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Myllaena potawatomi] Klimaszewski ON
[taxon-name: Myllaena vulpina] Bernhauer ON, NB, NS
Tribe [taxon-name: Autaliini]
[taxon-name: Autalia rivularis] (Gravenhorst) BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
Tribe [taxon-name: Homalotini]
[taxon-name: Agaricomorpha websteri] Klimaszewski & Brunke, sp. n. ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Eumicrota corruscula] (Erichson) ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Eumicrota socia] (Erichson) ON, QC, NB, NS, PE
[taxon-name: Euvira micmac] Klimaszewski & Majka ON, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena affinis] Mannerheim † BC, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena antennalis] Casey ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena brevicollis] Seevers ON
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena caseyi] Seevers ON, QC
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena criddlei] Casey YT? MB, ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena dybasi] Seevers ON, NB
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena egena] Casey ON, QC
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena flavicornis] Melsheimer ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena fuscicollis] Casey ON, NB
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena gaudens] Casey ON, QC, NB, PE
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena gilvicollis] Casey ON, NB
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena insolens] Casey MB*,ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena keeni] Casey YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena meduxnekeagensis] Klimaszewski & Webster ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena modesta] Casey AB*, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena nana] (Paykull) YT, BC, AB, MB, ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena nanoides] Seevers ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena neonana] Seevers YT, ON, NB,NL
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena stroheckeri] Seevers ON
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena subnitens] Casey MB, ON, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena uteana] Casey BC, AB*, ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Gyrophaena vitrina] Casey ON, QC, NB, PE
[taxon-name: Homalota plana] (Gyllenhal) † ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Leptusa brevicollis] Casey ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Leptusa canonica] Casey ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Leptusa carolinensis] Pace ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Leptusa cribulata] (Casey) ON, QC
[taxon-name: Leptusa elegans] Blatchley ON, QC
[taxon-name: Leptusa gatineauensis] Klimaszewski & Pelletier BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Leptusa jucunda] Klimaszewski & Majka ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Leptusa opaca] Casey ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Neotobia alberta] Ashe AB, MB, ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Phanerota fasciata] (Say) ON
[taxon-name: Phymatura blanchardi] (Casey) AB, ON, NB
[taxon-name: Silusa alternans] Sachse ON, QC, NB, NS, PE
[taxon-name: Silusa californica] (Bernhauer) YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Silusida marginella] (Casey) ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Thecturota pusio] (Casey) ON
Tribe [taxon-name: Placusini]
[taxon-name: Placusa canadensis] Klimaszewski ON, QC, NS
[taxon-name: Placusa despecta] Erichson ON, QC
[taxon-name: Placusa incompleta] Sjöberg BC, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Placusa pseudosuecica] Klimaszewski BC, ON, QC
[taxon-name: Placusa tachyporoides] (Walt) BC, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Placusa tacomae] Casey YT, NT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Placusa vaga] Casey YT, NT. BC, ON, QC, NB, NS
Tribe [taxon-name: Athetini]
[taxon-name: Acrotona smithi] (Casey) ON, NB
[taxon-name: Acrotona subpygmaea] (Bernhauer) ON, NS
[taxon-name: Alevonota gracilenta] (Erichson) † ON
[taxon-name: Aloconota sulcifrons] (Stephens) † ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta aemula] (Erichson) ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Atheta alesi] Klimaszewski and Brunke, sp. n. ON
[taxon-name: Atheta annexa] Casey ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta borealis] Klimaszewski & Langor ON, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta brunswickensis] Klimaszewski YT, ON, NS
[taxon-name: Atheta burwelli] (Lohse) YT, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta campbelli] (Lohse) YT, ON, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta capsularis] Klimaszewski YT, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta circulicollis] Lohse ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta crenuliventris] Bernhauer ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta dadopora] Thomson YT, AB, ON, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta districta] Casey BC, AB, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta festinans] (Erichson) ON
[taxon-name: Atheta frosti] Bernhauer BC, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta graminicola] (Gravenhorst) YT, NT, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta hampshirensis] Bernhauer BC, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta klagesi] Bernhauer YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta modesta] (Melsheimer) AB, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Atheta nescia] (Casey) BC, ON
[taxon-name: Atheta particula] (Casey) ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Atheta pennsylvanica] Bernhauer ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta platonoffi] Brundin YT, BC, AB, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta prudhoensis] (Lohse) YT, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta pseudocrenuliventris] Klimaszewski YT, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta pseudomodesta] Klimaszewski ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta remulsa] Casey YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta savardae] Klimaszewski & Majka ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta strigosula] Casey YT, BC, ON, QC, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta terranovae] Klimaszewski & Langor YT, ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Atheta ventricosa] Bernhauer YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Callicerus obscurus] Gravenhorst † ON
[taxon-name: Callicerus rigidicornis] (Erichson) † ON
[taxon-name: Clusiota impressicollis] (Bernhauer) BC, ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Dalotia coriaria] (Kraatz)† BC, AB, ON, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Dinaraea angustula] (Gyllenhal) † YT, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Dinaraea backusensis] Klimaszewki & Brunke, sp.n. ON
[taxon-name: Earota dentata] (Bernhauer) YT, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Hydrosmecta pseudodiosica] Lohse YT, ON, NB
[taxon-name: Liogluta aloconotoides] Lohse YT, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Lypoglossa franclemonti] Hoebeke YT, NT, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Mocyta breviuscula] (Mäklin) YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Mocyta fungi] (Gravenhorst) † YT, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Philhygra botanicarum] (Muona) YT, BC, ON, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Philhygra clemens] (Casey) YT, BC, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Philhygra jarmilae] Klimaszewski & Langor YT, ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Philhygra laevicollis] (Mäklin) BC, ON, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Philhygra luridipennis] (Mannerheim) ON, NB, NL
[taxon-name: Philhygra proterminalis] (Bernhauer) ON
[taxon-name: Nehemitropia lividipennis] (Mannerheim) † ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Schistoglossa blatchleyi] (Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz) YT, NT, MB, ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Schistoglossa brunswickensis] Klimaszewski & Webster ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Seeversiella globicollis] (Bernhauer) BC, AB, ON, QC, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Stethusa klimschi] (Bernhauer) ON
[taxon-name: Stethusa spuriella] (Casey) ON
[taxon-name: Strigota ambigua] (Erichson) YT, ON, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Strigota obscurata] Klimaszewski & Brunke, sp. n. ON
[taxon-name: Strophogastra penicillata] Fenyes AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Thamiaraea brittoni] (Casey) ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Trichiusa compacta] Casey ON
[taxon-name: Trichiusa hirsuta] Casey ON
[taxon-name: Trichiusa postica] Casey ON, NS
[taxon-name: Trichiusa robustula] Casey ON
Tribe [taxon-name: Falagriini]
[taxon-name: Aleodorus bilobatus] (Say) ON
[taxon-name: Aleodorus scutellaris] (LeConte) ON
[taxon-name: Cordalia obscura] (Gravenhorst) † ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Falagria dissecta] Erichson BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Falagria sulcata] Paykull† AB, ON, QC, NB
[taxon-name: Myrmecocephalus cingulatus] (LeConte) ON, NS
Tribe [taxon-name: Lomechusini]
[taxon-name: Drusilla canaliculata] (Fabricius) † ON, QC, NB, NS, PE, NL
[taxon-name: Myrmecoecia lauta] (Casey) ON
[taxon-name: Myrmedonota aidani] Maruyama & Klimaszewski ON
[taxon-name: Pella carolinae] (Casey) ON
[taxon-name: Pella gesneri] Klimaszewski AB, MB, ON, NB
[taxon-name: Pella loricata] (Casey) ON, NS
[taxon-name: Pella schmitti] (Hamilton) ON, QC
[taxon-name: Platyusa sonomae] Casey ON
[taxon-name: Xenodusa cava] (LeConte) ON
[taxon-name: Xenodusa reflexa] (Walker) BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS
[taxon-name: Zyras obliquus] (Casey) BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NL
[taxon-name: Zyras planifer] (Casey) ON

†Considered adventive in North America.



Article Categories:
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Keywords: Keywords  Canada, Ontario, biodiversity, taxonomy, distributional records, Aleocharinae.

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