Document Detail


New directions in foodborne disease prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12222635     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Food safety is an important part of public health linking health to agriculture and other food production sectors. For over a century, developments in food production and new control philosophies have contributed to food safety systems in most developed countries perceived by many to be efficient in the prevention of foodborne disease. Nevertheless, a number of problems still remain dominant, one of these being the high level of foodborne microbiological diseases which seem, for some pathogens, to have increased over the last decades. Although there is an urgent need for better foodborne disease data in most countries, the paper attempts an analysis of the background to these problems using available data to illustrate the developments for some of the major foodborne pathogens. Some of the shortcomings of present food safety systems are discussed, as are new principles to improve food safety strategies. A new paradigm for the integration of research data, food-control monitoring, epidemiological investigations and disease surveillance in a renewed effort to manage and lower foodborne risk is presented. Within this paradigm, the development of an interdisciplinary approach with direct interaction between surveillance and risk analysis systems is described as a potential basis for improved foodborne disease prevention. Specific consideration is given to the situation in developing countries, suggesting a leap forward past the experience of noncollaboration between the disciplines in many developed countries. Today, food safety is one of WHO's top 11 priorities and the Organisation calls for more systematic and aggressive steps to be taken to significantly reduce the risk of microbiological foodborne diseases. Dealing with this challenge is one of the major challenges for the 21st century in regard to food safety, implying a significant redirection of food microbiology efforts in many parts of the world.
Authors:
Jørgen Schlundt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food microbiology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0168-1605     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Food Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-11     Completed Date:  2002-11-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412849     Medline TA:  Int J Food Microbiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Programme of Food Safety, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. schlundtj@who.int
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Consumer Product Safety*
Food Contamination
Food Microbiology*
Foodborne Diseases / prevention & control*
Humans
International Cooperation
Public Health
Risk Assessment
World Health Organization
Zoonoses

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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