Document Detail


New Retractor Facilitates Exposure of the Vascular Pedicles in Chinese Men with Complex Pelvis during Radical Cystectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23204188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical instrument, the double-slice retractor of pelvis (DBR), for the division of the vascular pedicles from the bladder and prostate in male patients with complex pelvis during radical cystectomy. METHODS: Radical cystectomy was performed on 140 male patients (all cases body mass index >28 kg/m(2), 29 cases having undergone partial cystectomy) with bladder cancer. With the aid of the double-slice retractor to expose vascular pedicles from the bladder and prostate, 80 radical cystectomies were performed. The others were treated as the control. RESULTS: The double-slice retractor provided excellent exposure for the division of vascular pedicles from the bladder and prostate. The handling of the vascular pedicles from the bladder and prostate became easier and safer without unnecessary bleeding and injury in the rectum. In double-slice retractor and control groups, the operative time to handle the vascular pedicles during radical cystectomy in the double-slice retractor group was 12.2 ± 1.4 min compared with 22.6 ± 3.4 min for the control group (P < 0.05), and the blood loss was 30.3 ± 2.2 ml compared with 50.2 ± 4.5 ml (P < 0.05). For the whole radical cystectomy procedure, the operative time lasted 72.1 ± 9.2 min in the double-slice retractor group compared with 85.7 ± 6.8 min for the control group (P < 0.05), the whole blood loss was reduced to 340.3 ± 12.7 ml from 410.1 ± 11.4 ml in the control group (P < 0.05). And the rate of transfusion was geared down to 10% in the double-slice retractor group from 25% in the control (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The use of the double-slice retractor for the exposure of vascular pedicles from the bladder and prostate is simple and effective in male patients with complex pelvis during radical cystectomy. We have devised a promising surgical instrument for the exposure of vascular pedicles.
Authors:
Zhihong Zhang; Changwen Zhang; Ranlu Liu; Baomin Qiao; Baojie Ma; Kuo Yang; Yong Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese journal of clinical oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-3621     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0313225     Medline TA:  Jpn J Clin Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Urology, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.
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