Document Detail

New directions for understanding neural control in swallowing: the potential and promise of motor learning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23192633     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Oropharyngeal swallowing is a complex sensorimotor phenomenon that has had decades of research dedicated to understanding it more thoroughly. However, the underlying neural mechanisms responsible for normal and disordered swallowing remain very vague. We consider this gap in knowledge the result of swallowing research that has been broad (identifying phenomena) but not deep (identifying what controls the phenomena). The goals of this review are to address the complexity of motor control of oropharyngeal swallowing and to review the principles of motor learning based on limb movements as a model system. We compare this literature on limb motor learning to what is known about oropharyngeal function as a first step toward suggesting the use of motor learning principles in swallowing research.
Ianessa A Humbert; Rebecca Z German
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review     Date:  2012-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dysphagia     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1432-0460     ISO Abbreviation:  Dysphagia     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-20     Completed Date:  2013-12-09     Revised Date:  2014-03-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610856     Medline TA:  Dysphagia     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological
Central Nervous System / physiology,  physiopathology
Deglutition / physiology*
Deglutition Disorders / physiopathology*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Feedback, Sensory
Learning / physiology*
Models, Biological
Motor Skills / physiology*
Volition / physiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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