Document Detail

A new device to study isoload eccentric exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20733524     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
This study was designed to develop a new device allowing mechanical analysis of eccentric exercise against a constant load, with a view in mind to compare isoload (IL) and isokinetic (IK) eccentric exercises. A plate-loaded resistance training device was integrated to an IK dynamometer, to perform the acquisition of mechanical parameters (i.e., external torque, angular velocity). To determine the muscular torque produced by the subject, load torque was experimentally measured (TLexp) at 11 different loads from 30° to 90° angle (0° = lever arm in horizontal position). TLexp was modeled to take friction effect and torque variations into account. Validity of modeled load torque (TLmod) was tested by determining the root mean square (RMS) error, bias, and 2SD between the descending part of TLexp (from 30° to 90°) and TLmod. Validity of TLexp was tested by a linear regression and a Passing-Bablok regression. A pilot analysis on 10 subjects was performed to determine the contribution of the torque because of the moment of inertia to the amount of external work (W). Results showed the validity of TLmod (bias = 0%; RMS error = 0.51%) and TLexp SEM = 4.1 N·m; Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 1.00; slope = 0.99; y-intercept = -0.13). External work calculation showed a satisfactory reproducibility (SEM = 38.3 J; ICC = 0.98) and moment of inertia contribution to W showed a low value (3.2 ± 2.0%). Results allow us to validate the new device developed in this study. Such a device could be used in future work to study IL eccentric exercise and to compare the effect of IL and IK eccentric exercises in standardized conditions.
Gaël Guilhem; Christophe Cornu; Antoine Nordez; Arnaud Guével
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3476-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Motivity, Interactions, Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
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