Document Detail


New criteria during right ventricular pacing to determine the mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20971759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular pacing (RVP) during supraventricular tachycardia produces progressive QRS fusion before the QRS morphology becomes stable. This transition zone (TZ) may provide useful information for differentiating orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) from atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and atrial tachycardia independent of entrainment success.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied the effect of properly timed RVP on atrial timing during the TZ in 92 patients with supraventricular tachycardia who had RVP within 40 ms of the tachycardia cycle length. The TZ during RVP includes progressively fused QRS complexes and the first paced complex with a stable QRS morphology based on analysis of the 12-lead ECG. We also measured the stimulus-atrial interval from the end of the TZ and with each QRS complex thereafter until pacing was terminated or ventriculo-atrial block occurred. A fixed stimulus-atrial interval was defined as variation <10 ms during RVP. Atrial preexcitation, postexcitation, or supraventricular tachycardia termination with abrupt ventriculo-atrial block was observed within the TZ in 32 of 34 patients with ORT. A fixed stimulus-atrial interval was established within the TZ in 33 of 34 patients with ORT. At least 1 of these 2 responses was observed in all patients with ORT. None of the patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia or atrial tachycardia had atrial timing perturbed or a fixed stimulus-atrial interval established within the TZ.
CONCLUSIONS: During RVP within 40 ms of the tachycardia cycle length, ORT is the likely mechanism when atrial timing is perturbed or a fixed stimulus-atrial interval is established within the TZ.
Authors:
Soufian T AlMahameed; Alfred E Buxton; Gregory F Michaud
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1941-3084     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-15     Completed Date:  2011-02-23     Revised Date:  2012-02-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101474365     Medline TA:  Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  578-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Rhode Island Hospital and The Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods*
Diagnosis, Differential
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Rate / physiology*
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Retrospective Studies
Tachycardia, Supraventricular / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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