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New Coleoptera records from New Brunswick, Canada: Sphindidae, Erotylidae, Monotomidae, and Cryptophagidae.
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PMID:  22539893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two species of Sphindidae, Odontosphindus denticollis LeConteand Sphindus trinifer Casey, are reported for the first time for New Brunswick. Another species, Sphindus near americanus LeConte is reported from the province but may be an undescribed species, pending further study. Five species of Erotylidae are newly recorded for the province, including Tritoma humeralis Fabricius and Tritoma sanguinipennis (Say), which are new to the Maritime provinces. Three species of Monotomidae are added to the New Brunswick faunal list, including Pycnotomina cavicollis (Horn), which is newly recorded for the Maritime provinces. Six additional species of Cryptophagidae are reported for the province and the presence of Antherophagus convexulus LeContein New Brunswick is confirmed. Cryptophagus pilosus Gyllenhal and Myrmedophila americana (LeConte) are newly reported to the Maritime provinces.
Authors:
Reginald P Webster; Jon D Sweeney; Ian Demerchant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-04-04
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Title:  ZooKeys     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1313-2970     ISO Abbreviation:  Zookeys     Publication Date:  2012  
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Created Date:  2012-04-27     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
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Nlm Unique ID:  101497933     Medline TA:  Zookeys     Country:  Bulgaria    
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Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-92     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Atlantic Forestry Centre, 1350 Regent St., P.O. Box 4000, Fredericton, NB, Canada E3B 5P7.
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Journal ID (nlm-ta): Zookeys
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ISSN: 1313-2989
ISSN: 1313-2970
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Reginald P. Webster, Jon D. Sweeney, Ian DeMerchant
creative-commons-attribution:
Received Day: 30 Month: 11 Year: 2011
Accepted Day: 27 Month: 1 Year: 2012
collection publication date: Year: 2012
Electronic publication date: Day: 4 Month: 4 Year: 2012
Issue: 179
First Page: 169 Last Page: 192
ID: 3337060
PubMed Id: 22539893
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.179.2466

New Coleoptera records from New Brunswick, Canada: Sphindidae, Erotylidae, Monotomidae, and Cryptophagidae
Reginald P. Webster1
Jon D. Sweeney1
Ian DeMerchant1
1Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Atlantic Forestry Centre, 1350 Regent St., P.O. Box 4000, Fredericton, NB, Canada E3B 5P7
Correspondence: Corresponding author: Reginald P. Webster (reginaldwebster@rogers.com)
[edited-by] Academic editor: J. Klimaszewski

Introduction

The [taxon-name: Sphindidae], [taxon-name: Erotylidae], and [taxon-name: Monotomidae] of the Maritime provinces (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island) were reviewed by Majka (2007, 2010) and Majka and Bousquet (2010), respectively. The [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] of Atlantic Canada were reviewed by Majka et al. (2010a) ([taxon-name: Atomariinae]) and Majka and Langor (2010) (Cryptophaginae). Intensive collecting in New Brunswick by the first author since 2003 and records obtained more recently from by-catch samples during a study to develop improved lures for the detection of invasive species of [taxon-name: Cerambycidae] have yielded additional new provincial records in the above families. The purpose of this paper is to report on these new records. A brief synopsis of each family is included in the results below.


Methods and conventions

The following records are based on specimens collected during a general survey by the first author to document the [taxon-name: Coleoptera] fauna of New Brunswick and from by-catch samples obtained from trapping experiments conducted to develop tools for the detection of invasive species of [taxon-name: Cerambycidae].

Collection methods

Various collection methods were employed to collect the species reported in this study. Details are outlined in Campbell (1973) and Webster et al. (2009, Appendix). See Webster et al. (in press) for details of the methods used for deployment of Lindgren 12-funnel traps and sample collection. A description of the habitat was recorded for all specimens collected during this survey. Locality and habitat data are presented exactly as on labels for each record. This information, as well as additional collecting notes, is summarized and discussed in collection and habitat data section for each species.

Distribution

Distribution maps, created using ArcMap and ArcGIS, are presented for each species in New Brunswick. Every species is cited with current distribution in Canada and Alaska, using abbreviations for the state, provinces, and territories. New records for New Brunswick are indicated in bold under Distribution in Canada and Alaska. The following abbreviations are used in the text:

Acronyms of collections examined or where specimens reside referred to in this study are as follows:

AFCNatural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service - Atlantic Forestry Centre, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

CNCCanadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

NBMNew Brunswick Museum, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada

RWCReginald P. Webster Collection, Charters Settlement, New Brunswick, Canada


Results
Species accounts

All records are species newly recorded for New Brunswick, Canada unless noted otherwise (additional records). Species followed by ** are newly recorded from the Maritime provinces of Canada.

The classification of the [taxon-name: Sphindidae], [taxon-name: Erotylidae], [taxon-name: Monotomidae], and [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] follows Bouchard et al. (2011).

Family [taxon-name: Sphindidae] Jacquelin du Val, 1860

The [taxon-name: Sphindidae] (cryptic slime mold beetles) live in or on slime-mold sporocarps, and both larvae and adults feed on spores and supporting structures of the slime molds (McHugh 2002). Campbell (1991a) reported five species from Canada but none from New Brunswick and the other Maritime provinces, although Lafontaine et al. (1987) reported [taxon-name: Odontosphindus denticollis] LeConte from the Cape Breton Highlands National Park in Nova Scotia. Majka (2010) reported [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] LeConte and [taxon-name: Eurysphindus hirtus] LeConte from New Brunswick. However, the identification of [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] was considered provisional due to the poor quality of the specimen. [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] and [taxon-name: Eurysphindus hirtus] were newly reported from Nova Scotia (Dollin et al. 2008; Majka 2010). Here, we report [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer] Casey and [taxon-name: Odontosphindus denticollis] LeConte for the first time for the province. Another species, [taxon-name: Sphindus] near americanus LeConte is reported from the province but may be an undescribed species, pending further study and additional specimens. This is presumably the same species reported as [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] by Majka (2010). A list of the species currently known from New Brunswick is given in Table 1.

Subfamily [taxon-name: Odontosphindinae] Sen Gupta and Crowson, 1979
[taxon-name[genus: Odontosphindus][species: denticollis]]

[taxon-authority: LeConte, 1878]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Odontosphindus_denticollis

Map 1

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Meduxnekeag Valley Nature Preserve, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1907°N, 67.6740°W], 20.VI.2009, R. P. Webster, mixed forest on slime mould ([taxon-name: Stemontis] sp.) on rotted log (5, RWC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A. (Protected Natural Area), [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 11–18.VI.2009, 18–25.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC, RWC); same locality data and forest type but 13–25.V.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC). York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 18.VII.2006, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, on slime mould ([taxon-name: Stemontis] sp.) on rotted log (1, RWC); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 28.VI–7.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

This species was reported on the slime mold, [taxon-name: Fuligo septica] (L.) Wigg. by Lawrence and Newton (1980). In New Brunswick, adults were collected from [taxon-name: Stemontis] species (slime mold) on rotted logs in mixed forests and from Lindgren funnel traps deployed in an old red oak ([taxon-name: Quercus rubra] L.) forest and an old red pine ([taxon-name: Pinus resinosa] Ait.) forest. Adults were collected during May, June, and July.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB, NS (Lafontaine et al. 1987; Campbell 1991a; Dollin et al. 2008; Bishop et al. 2009; Majka 2010).

Subfamily [taxon-name: Sphindinae] Jacquelin du Val, 1860
[taxon-name: [genus: Sphindus][uncertainty-rank: species near][species: americanus]]

[taxon-authority: LeConte, 1866]

Map 2

Material examined.

New Brunswick, York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 26.VIII.2007, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, u.v. light (1, RWC); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 15–21.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

This species was collected at an ultraviolet light near a mixed forest and captured in Lindgren funnel traps deployed in an old red pine forest. Adults were captured during June and August.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

Majka (2010) considered the identification of [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] as provisional for New Brunswick due to the poor condition of the specimen. The above specimens are similar to [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] in possessing a two-segmented antennal club, but differ in other characters from specimens of [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] in the C.N.C. and may be an undescribed species (Serge Laplante, personal communication). In Canada, [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] was reported from British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec by Campbell (1991a). [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] was first reported from Nova Scotia by Dollin et al. (2008), and Majka (2010) considered this species common and widespread in the province (but see below).

[taxon-name[genus: Sphindus][species: trinifer]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1898**]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Sphindus_trinifer

Map 3

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 26.VI.2007, 25.VII.2007, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, u.v. light (2, NBM, RWC); same locality and forest type, 4–12.VI.2008, R. P. Webster, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC); same locality and habitat data but 9–14.V.2009, 14–20.V.2009, 8–16.VI.2009, 16–21.VI.2009, Webster & M.-A. Giguère, Lindgren funnel traps (4, AFC, RWC). Charlotte Co., 10 km NW of New River Beach, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.2110°N, 66.6170°W], 16–26.VII.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old growth eastern white cedar forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 21–27.V.2009, 5–11.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (5, AFC); Grand Lake Meadows P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8227°N, 66.1209°W], 19–31.V.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old silver maple forest with green ash and seasonally flooded marsh, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC); same locality data and forest type, 21.VI-5.VII.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, Lindgren funnel trap (1, NBM). Restigouche Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9030°N, 68.3503°W], 30.V-15.VI.2011, 9–23.VIII.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth northern hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (3, NBM, RWC). Sunbury Co., Acadia Research Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.9866°N, 66.3841°W], 19–25.V.2009, 25.V-2.VI.2009, 24–30.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature (110-year-old) red spruce forest with scattered red maple and balsam fir, Lindgren funnel traps (6, AFC). York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 26.VII.2005, 11.VI.2007, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, u.v. light (4, RWC); same locality, habitat data, and collector but 23.IV.2008, collected during aerial flight between 15:00 to 18:00h (1, RWC); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 8–15.VI.2009, 15–21.VI.2009, M.-A. Giguère, R. Webster, & V. Webster, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (4, AFC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 26.IV-10.V.2010, 10–26.V.2010, 30.VI-13.VII.2010, R. Webster C. MacKay & K. Burgess, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel traps (5, AFC, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

Adults were found in a mature hardwood forest with sugar maple ([taxon-name: Acer saccharum] Marsh.), American beech ([taxon-name: Fagus grandifolia] Ehrh.), white ash ([taxon-name: Fraxinus americana] L.), and butternut ([taxon-name: Juglans cinerea] L.), an old-growth northern hardwood forest with sugar maple and yellow birch ([taxon-name: Betula alleghaniensis] Britt.), an old silver maple ([taxon-name: Acer saccharinum] L.) swamp, an old-growth red pine forest, a mature red spruce ([taxon-name: Picea rubens] Sarg.) forest, an old eastern white cedar ([taxon-name: Thuja occidentalis] L.) swamp/forest, and old mixed forests. This species was captured in Lindgren funnel traps at all sites where these traps were used. Adults were also collected during an evening flight (between 15:00 and 18:00 h), and at an ultraviolet light. Adults were collected during April, May, June, July, and August.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB (Campbell 1991a). Casey (1898) used the number of antennal segments of the club to distinguish [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer](three-segmented club) from [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] (two-segmented club) in his key to the American [taxon-name: Sphindus] species. However, Downie and Arnett (1996) and Majka (2010) used size and other characteristics such as color to separate [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] (1.5 to 2.5 mm in length) from [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer] (1.7 mm in length). These characteristics are variable in these two species and are, therefore, unreliable for use in distinguishing these species. The specimens reported above all possess a three-segmented club, a character of [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer]. The adults from New Brunswick are, on average, larger (ranging from 1.7 to 2.0 mm in length) than the 1.7 mm given for the type specimen of [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer] (from Toronto, Canada) in Casey’s original description. The specimens otherwise agree with the original description of [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer]. Interestingly, [taxon-name: Sphindus americanus] was reported by Majka (2010) to be common and widespread in Nova Scotia. However, the specimen illustrated in his paper possesses a three-segmented club, a character of [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer]. The Nova Scotia specimens should be re-examined to confirm their identity.

Family [taxon-name: Erotylidae] Latreille, 1802

The [taxon-name: Erotylidae] (and [taxon-name: Endomychidae]) of the Maritime provinces were reviewed by Majka (2007). [taxon-name: Triplax dissimulator] (Crotch) was reported from New Brunswick for the first time. Majka et al. (2010b) later reported [taxon-name: Acropteroxys gracilis] (Newman) ([taxon-name: Languriinae] Hope) from New Brunswick. The [taxon-name: Erotylidae] live in hard bracket fungi (Polyporacae) (Subfamilies [taxon-name: Dacninae] and [taxon-name: Megalodacninae]) and soft polypores and basidiomycetes ([taxon-name: Tritominae]) (Skelley et al. 1991; Skelley and McHugh 2002). Members of the [taxon-name: Languriinae] are stem borers on composites and legumes, and adults are usually collected on their host plants (Leschen and Skelley 2002b). Majka (2007) discussed the fungal associations of members of the [taxon-name: Erotylidae] from the Maritime provinces and the impact that forest management practices may have on the communities of forest fungi and the associated beetle species dependent on these fungi. Four species of [taxon-name: Erotylidae] were reported from New Brunswick by Majka (2007) and Majka et al. (2010b). Here, we add five species of [taxon-name: Erotylidae] to the [taxon-name: Coleoptera] faunal list of New Brunswick, including [taxon-name: Tritoma humeralis] Fabricius and [taxon-name: Tritoma sanguinipennis] (Say), which are new to the Maritime provinces (Table 1).

Subfamily [taxon-name: Erotylinae] Latreille, 1802

Tribe [taxon-name: Dacnini] Gistel, 1848

[taxon-name[genus: Dacne][species: quadrimaculata]]

[taxon-authority: (Say, 1835)]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Dacne_quadrimaculata

Map 4

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 28.VI.2005, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, u.v. light (1, RWC); same locality and habitat data but 12–19.VI.2008, R. P. Webster, Lindgren funnel traps (2, RWC); Meduxnekeag Valley Nature Preserve, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1907°N, 67.6740°W], 20.VI.2006, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, in partially dried [taxon-name: Pleurotus] species on dead standing trembling aspen (2, RWC); same locality but [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1877°N, 67.6717°W], 2.IX.2008, R. P. Webster, hardwood forest, on slightly dried [taxon-name: Climacodon septentrionale] on sugar maple (4, RWC). Sunbury Co., Burton near Sunpoke Lake, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.7658°N, 66.5546°W], 20.VI.2007, R. P. Webster, red oak and red maple forest, on slightly dried [taxon-name: Pleurotus] sp. on dead standing poplar (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

In New Brunswick, adults of this species were collected in a mature hardwood forest with American beech, sugar maple, and ash, mixed forests, and an old red oak forest. Most individuals were collected from partially dried [taxon-name: Pleurotus] sp. on dead standing [taxon-name: Populus] sp. and on a slightly dried [taxon-name: Climacodon septentrionale] (Fr.) Kar. on a dead standing sugar maple. A few adults were also captured in Lindgren funnel traps and at an ultraviolet light. Skelley et al. (1991) reported that larvae of this species feed in a variety of hard and soft basidiomycete bracket fungi, including [taxon-name: Pleurotus] sp. In New Brunswick, adults were collected during June and September.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

MB, ON, QC, NB, NS (Campbell 1991b; Majka 2007).

Tribe [taxon-name: Tritomini] Curtis, 1834
[taxon-name[genus: Triplax][species: macra]]

[taxon-authority: LeConte 1854]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Triplax_macra

Map 5

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 28.VII.2008, 18.VIII.2008, 20.IX.2008, mature hardwood forest, in [taxon-name: Hapalophilus nitulans] (a fleshy polypore fungus) (18, NBM, RWC); same locality and forest type but 12–19.VI.2008, 12–19.VII.2008, R. P. Webster, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC); same locality and habitat data but 21–28.VI.2009, Webster & M.-A. Giguère, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 13–20.VII.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, NBM). Restigouche, Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9030°N, 68.3503°W], 30.V-15.VI.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth northern hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (4, AFC, NBM); same locality and collectors but [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W], 31.V-15.VI.2011, 27.VI–14.VII.2011, old-growth northern hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, NBM, RWC). York Co., 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 10–30.VIII.2010, R. Webster & K. Burgess, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC)

Collection and habitat data.

A long series of adults of [taxon-name: Triplax macra] were collected from [taxon-name: Hapalophilus nitulans] (Fr.) Kar. (a fleshy polypore fungus) in a mature hardwood forest. Additional adults were captured in Lindgren funnel traps at this same site and from funnel traps deployed in an old red pine forest, an old red oak forest, an old-growth northern hardwood forest, and an old-growth white spruce ([taxon-name: Picea glauca] (Moench) Voss) and balsam fir ([taxon-name: Abies balsamea] (L.) Mill.) forest. Adults were captured during July, August, and September. Skelley et al. (1991) reported this species from two [taxon-name: Inonotus] sp. and [taxon-name: Pleurotus ostreatus] Fr.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

MB, ON, QC, NB, NS (Campbell 1991b; Majka 2007).

[taxon-name[genus: Tritoma][species: humeralis]]

[taxon-authority: Fabricius, 1801**]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Tritoma_humeralis

Map 6

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Sunbury Co., Acadia Research Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.0173°N, 66.3741°W], 18.VI.2007, R. P. Webster, 8.5-year-old regenerating mixed forest, in gilled mushroom on stump (sun-exposed) (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

One adultof this species was collected during June in a gilled mushroom on a sun-exposed stump in an 8.5-year-old regenerating mixed forest.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB (Campbell 1991b).

[taxon-name[genus: Tritoma][species: pulchra]]

[taxon-authority: Say, 1826]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Tritoma_pulchra

Map 7

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, “Bell Forest”, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2210°N, 67.7210°W], 12.VII.2004, K. Bredin, J. Edsall, & R. Webster, mature mixed forest, sweeping foliage (1, RWC); same locality but [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 27.VI–5.VII.2008, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC); same locality and habitat data but 1–8.VI.2009, 8–16.VI.2009, 21–28.VI.2009, 19–31.VII.2009, 31.VII–7.VIII.2009, 7–12.VIII.2009, Webster & M.-A. Giguère, Lindgren funnel traps (6, AFC); Meduxnekeag Valley Nature Preserve, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1907°N, 67.6740°W], 8.VIII.2006, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, in slightly decayed polypore fungus on log (5, RWC); Hartland, Becaguimec Island (in Saint John River), [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.3106°N, 67.5372°W], 16.IX.2006, R. P. Webster, hardwood forest, in fleshy polypore fungi on dead standing [taxon-name: Populus] sp. (4, NBM, RWC). Charlotte Co., 10 km NW of New River Beach, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.2110°N, 66.6170°W], 26.VII-10.VIII.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old growth eastern white cedar forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC). Northumberland Co., Goodfellow Brook P.N.A. , [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.8943°N, 65.3796°W], 23.V.2007, R. P. Webster, old growth eastern white cedar swamp, in litter with grasses and moss on hummock near water (1, RWC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 18–25.VI.2009, 25.VI–1.VII.2009, 21–28.VII.2009, 28.VII-6.VIII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (5, AFC). Restigouche, Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W], 15–27.VI.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, NBM). Sunbury Co., Acadia Research Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.9866°N, 66.3841°W], 13–21.VII.2009, 21–29.VII.2009, 29.VII-4.VIII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature (110 year-old) red spruce forest with scattered red maple and balsam fir, Lindgren funnel trap (5, AFC). York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8286°N, 66.7365°W], 13–17.VII.2008, R. P. Webster, mature mixed forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, NBM); Rt. 645 at Beaver Brook, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6860°N, 66.8668°W], 13.VIII.2008, R. P. Webster, sedge marsh, on flowers of [taxon-name: Spiraea alba] (1, NBM); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 7–14.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 26.V–2.VI.2010, 16–30.VI.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC).

Collection and habitat data.

In New Brunswick, [taxon-name: Tritoma pulchra] was found in a variety of forest types, such as mature hardwood forests, an old red oak forest, mixed forests, an old red spruce forest, an old red pine forest, an old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest, and old-growth eastern white cedar forests. Most adults were collected from soft polypore fungi on logs and dead standing trees or captured in Lindgren funnel traps. A few individuals were collected by sweeping vegetation or sifting litter. One adult was found on flowers of meadow sweet ([taxon-name: Spiraea alba] Du Roi) in a sedge marsh. Adults were collected during June, July, August, and September.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB, NS (Campbell 1991b).

[taxon-name[genus: Tritoma][species: sanguinipennis]]

[taxon-authority: (Say, 1825)**]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Tritoma_sanguinipennis

Map 8

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 2.IX.2009, R. P. Webster, mature red oak forest, fleshy polypore fungus on side of log (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

The only specimen known from New Brunswickwas collected in a soft polypore fungus on the side of a log in September.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB (Campbell 1991b).

Family [taxon-name: Monotomidae] Laporte, 1840

Most members of the family [taxon-name: Monotomidae] (the root-eating beetles) are subcortical and are considered predators of xylophagous insects, such as scolytine larvae, although some may feed on fungi and their by-products (Bousquet 2002). Some species ([taxon-name: Monotoma] species) live in decaying vegetable matter and often are found in compost heaps (Bousquet and Laplante 2000; Bousquet 2002). The [taxon-name: Monotomidae] of the Maritime provinces were recently reviewed by Majka and Bousquet (2010). Six species were reported from New Brunswick. Here, we add three additional species to the faunal list, including [taxon-name: Pycnotomina cavicollis] (Horn), which is newly recorded for the Maritime provinces (Table 1).

Subfamily [taxon-name: Rhizophaginae] Redtenbacher, 1845
[taxon-name[genus: Rhizophagus][species: dimidiatus]]

[taxon-authority: Mannerheim, 1843]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Rhizophagus_dimidiatus

Map 9

Material examined.

Additional New Brunswick records. Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 6.V.2007, 7.VI.2007, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, on fleshy polypore (bracket) fungi on dead standing beech (2, RWC); same locality but 4–12.VI.2008, 12–19.VI.2008, 27.VI-5.VII.2008, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (8, AFC, RWC); same locality and habitat data but 20–26.V.2009, 1–8.VI.2009, 16–21.VI.2009, 21–28.VI.2009, Webster & M.-A. Giguère, Lindgren funnel traps (4, AFC, RWC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 5–11.VI.2009, 11–18.VI.2009, 18–25.VI.2009, 25.VI–1.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (11, AFC). Restigouche Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9030°N, 68.3503°W], 30.V–15.VI.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth northern hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC, NBM); same locality and collectors but [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W], 31.V–15.VI.2011, 27.VI–14.VII.2011, old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC, NBM). Sunbury Co., Acadia Research Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.9866°N, 66.3841°W], 2–9.VI.2009, 24–30.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature (110-year-old) red spruce forest with scattered red maple and balsam fir, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC). York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8286°N, 66.7365°W], 6.VI.2007, R. P. Webster, mature red spruce and red maple forest, under scolytid infested bark of red spruce (2, RWC); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 8–15.VI.2009, 15–21.VI.2009, 20–29.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (4, AFC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 10–26.V.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC).

Collection and habitat data.

Most adults from New Brunswick were captured in Lindgren funnel traps. This species occurred in various forest types, including mature hardwood forests, an old-growth northern hardwood forest, an old red oak forest, old mixed forests, an old red pine forest, and an old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest. Specimens with specific habitat data were collected from under scolytine-infested bark of red spruce and on fleshy polypore (bracket) fungi on dead standing American beech trees. Bousquet (1990) reported this species from under bark of deciduous ([taxon-name: Acer] sp., [taxon-name: Betula] sp., [taxon-name: Fagus] sp.) and coniferous ([taxon-name: Pinus] sp., [taxon-name: Larix] sp., [taxon-name: Picea] sp.) trees in eastern North America. Adults were collected during May, June, and July in New Brunswick.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, YK, BC, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NF (Bousquet 1990; Majka and Bousquet 2010). [taxon-name: Rhizophagus dimidiatus] was first reported from New Brunswick by Majka and Bousquet (2010) on the basis of one specimen from Chatham, Northumberland Co., collected by P. Kaanar (in CNC). This species is widespread and common in New Brunswick.

[taxon-name[genus: Rhizophagus][species: minutus][subspecies: rotundicollis]]

[taxon-authority: Bousquet, 1990]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Rhizophagus_minutus_rotundicollis

Map 10

Material examined.

New Brunswick, York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 20.IV.2004, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, compost, decaying vegetables (1, RWC); same locality data but 23.IV.2008, 4.IV.2010, R. P. Webster, mixed forest opening, in flight between 15:00 and 18:00 h (2, RWC); Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8340°N, 66.7450°W], 29.III.2006, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, margin of vernal pond in leaf litter (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

Bousquet (1990) reported this subspecies from balsam fir and white spruce. Specimens from New Brunswick were collected from decaying vegetables, in leaf litter on the margin of a vernal pond, and in flight between 15:00 and 18:00 h in a mixed forest opening. Adults were captured during March and April.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB, NS, NF (Bousquet 1990; Majka and Bousquet 2010).

[taxon-name[genus: Rhizophagus][species: remotus]]

[taxon-authority: LeConte, 1866]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Rhizophagus_remotus

Map 11

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Richmond, near Hovey Hill P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1155°N, 67.7631°W] 24.V.2005, R. P. Webster, clear-cut (hardwood forest), under bark of [taxon-name: Populus] sp. (6, NBM, RWC); Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 23–28.IV.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 5–11.VI.2009, 25.VI-1.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (3, AFC, RWC). York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8331°N, 66.7410°W], 29.V.2007, R. P. Webster, mature red spruce forest, under bark of [taxon-name: Populus] sp. (7, NBM, RWC); same locality, forest type and collector, 1.IV.2007, under bark of stump sticking out of snow (1, NBM); Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 23.IV.2008, R. P. Webster, mixed forest opening, in flight between 15:00 and 18:00 h (1, RWC); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 1–8.VI.2009, 15–21.VI.2009, 14–20.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (3, AFC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 26.IV–10.V.2010, 26.V–2.VI.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel traps (2, AFC).

Collection and habitat data.

This species has been reported under bark of pine and various [taxon-name: Populus] species, but most commonly from under bark of [taxon-name: Populus tremuloides] Michx. (Bousquet 1990). Adults in New Brunswick were taken from under bark of [taxon-name: Populus tremuloides] and under bark of a [taxon-name: Populus] stump sticking out of snow in early April, and were collected with an aerial net during an evening flight. Other individuals were captured in Lindgren funnel traps deployed in a mature hardwood forest, an old red oak forest, an old red pine forest, and in an old mixed forest. Adults were captured during April, May, June, and July.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS (Bousquet 1990).

Subfamily [taxon-name: Monotominae] Laporte, 1840
[taxon-name[genus: Pycnotomina][species: cavicollis]]

[taxon-authority: (Horn, 1879)**]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Pycnotomina_cavicollis

Map 12

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 4–12.VI.2008, 12–19.VI.2008, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel traps (12, AFC, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

All adults of this species from New Brunswick were captured in Lindgren funnel traps deployed in a mature hardwood forest with sugar maple, white ash, butternut, American beech, and scattered eastern hemlock ([taxon-name: Tsuga canadensis] (L.) Carr.). Adults were captured during June.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB (Bousquet 1991a).

Family [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] Kirby, 1826

The [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] (silken fungus beetles) usually occur in moist decaying habitats that promote fungal growth, such as leaf litter and rotting wood, where they feed on fungal hyphae, spores, and conidia (Leschen and Skelley 2002a). Some species are saprophagous, while others can be found on flowers. [taxon-name: Antherophagus] species are phoretic on [taxon-name: Bombus] bees and are found in the nests or at flowers (Bousquet 1989, Leschen and Skelley 2002a). The [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] of Atlantic Canada were reviewed by Majka et al. (2010a) ([taxon-name: Atomariinae]) and Majka and Langor (2010) ([taxon-name: Cryptophaginae]). Seven species of [taxon-name: Atomaria] ([taxon-name: Atomariinae]) (Majka et al. 2010a) and five species of [taxon-name: Cryptophaginae] (Majka and Langor 2010) were reported from New Brunswick. However, the record of [taxon-name: Antherophagus convexulus] LeConte reported in Bousquet (1991b) was considered provisional by Majka and Langor (2010) due to lack of a supporting voucher specimen. Below, we report six additional species of [taxon-name: Cryptophaginae] from New Brunswick and confirm the presence of [taxon-name: Antherophagus convexulus] in the province (Table 1).[taxon-name: Cryptophagus pilosus] Gyllenhal and [taxon-name: Myrmedophila americana] (LeConte) are new to the Maritime provinces.

Subfamily [taxon-name: Cryptophaginae] Kirby, 1826. Tribe [taxon-name: Cryptophagini] Kirby, 1826
[taxon-name[genus: Antherophagus][species: convexulus]]

[taxon-authority: LeConte, 1863]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Antherophagus_convexulus

Map 13

Material examined.

Additional New Brunswick records. Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 6.VIII.2009, M.-A. Giguère, mature red oak forest, on flowers of [taxon-name: Spiraea alba] (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

Adults of [taxon-name: Antherophagus] sp. are phoretic on [taxon-name: Bombus] spp. and are often found in their nests or on flowers (Bousquet 1989; Leschen and Skelley 2002a). The specimen of [taxon-name: Antherophagus convexulus] from New Brunswick was found on flowers of [taxon-name: Spiraea alba] DuRoi during early August.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

ON, QC, NB, NS (Bousquet 1991b). Majka and Langor (2010) were unable to locate any voucher specimens or published records to support the record for New Brunswick in Bousquet (1991b), but provisionally retained this species for the province. The record above confirms the presence of this species for New Brunswick.

[taxon-name[genus: Cryptophagus][species: acutangulus]]

[taxon-authority: Gyllenhal, 1827]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Cryptophagus_acutangulus

Map 14

Material examined.

New Brunswick, York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 5.V.2006, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, compost (decaying vegetable matter) (1, RWC); same locality, collector and forest type, 4.IV.2010, collected with aerial net during evening flight between 16:30 h and 19:00 h (1, RWC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 25.IV–10.V.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC).

Collection and habitat data.

In North America, the Holarctic[taxon-name: Cryptophagus acutangulus] has been reported from [taxon-name: Solidago], on lumber, on [taxon-name: Salix], on [taxon-name: Pinus ponderosa], in stored grain, from grain elevators, at light, and collected during evening flight (based on label data) (Woodroffe and Coombs 1961). New Brunswick specimens were collected from compost, during evening flight, and from a Lindgren funnel trap deployed in an old mixed forest. Adults were captured during April and May.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, BC, AB, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NF (Bousquet 1991b; Majka and Langor 2010).

[taxon-name[genus: Cryptophagus][species: pilosus]]

[taxon-authority: Gyllenhal, 1827**]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Cryptophagus_pilosus

Map 15

Material examined.

New Brunswick, York Co., Fredericton, 7.I.1922, R. P. Gorham, stored turnips (1, AFC).

Collection and habitat data.

The single adult from New Brunswick was collected from stored turnips in January. Woodroffe and Coombs (1961) reported this Holarctic species from stored products and vegetable refuse.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

BC, MB, ON, NB (Bousquet 1991b).

[taxon-name[genus: Cryptophagus][species: mainensis]]

[taxon-authority: Casey, 1924]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Cryptophagus_mainensis

Map 16

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 25.VIII-2.IX.2008, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 1–10.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature red oak forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

[taxon-name: Cryptophagus mainensis] was reported from red spruce and hemlock forests in Nova Scotia (Majka and Langor 2010). The specimens from New Brunswick were captured in Lindgren funnel traps deployed in a mature hardwood forest with American beech, sugar maple, and white ash, and an old red oak forest. Adults were collected during July, August, and September.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

NB, NS, NF (Majka and Langor 2010). Majka and Langor (2010) reported this species for the first time for Canada from Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.

[taxon-name[genus: Henoticus][species: serratus]]

[taxon-authority: (Gyllenhal, 1808)]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Henoticus_serratus

Map 17

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 24.IV-5.V.2009, 5–12.V.2009, 12–21.V.2009, 21–27.V.2009, 27.V–5.VI.2009, 5–11.VI.2009, 11–18.VI.2009, 18–25.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (17, AFC, NBM, RWC). York Co., McAdam, Georgia Pacific Plywood Mill, 19.V.1978, F.A.T. and U.P.N., on radiata pine, F.I.D.S., 78–2-2051–13 (1, AFC); Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W], 5.IX.2006, R. P. Webster, mixed forest, among moldy corncobs and cornhusks (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

Adults of [taxon-name: Henoticus] occur in leaf litter, fungi, under bark, on leaves of trees and shrubs (Bousquet 1989). Majka and Langor (2010) noted that [taxon-name: Henoticus serratus] were collected from natural habitats in Nova Scotia, such as red spruce and red oak forests. Most specimens from New Brunswick were collected from Lindgren funnel traps deployed in a mature red oak forest. One individual was collected from among moldy corncobs and cornhusks near a mixed forest. Adults were collected during April, May, June, and September.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, BC, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS, NF (Bousquet 1991b; Majka and Langor 2010).

[taxon-name[genus: Henotiderus][species: centromaculatus]]

[taxon-authority: Reitter, 1877]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Henotiderus_centromaculatus

Map 18

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Jackson Falls, Bell Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W], 6.V.2007, R. P. Webster, mature hardwood forest, under bark of fungus covered beech log (9, NBM, RWC); same locality, collector, and habitat data but 4–12.VI.2008, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC); same locality data and habitat but 22–28.IV.2009, 28.IV-9.V.2009, 1–8.VI.2009, Webster & M.-A. Giguère, Lindgren funnel traps (5, AFC); near Belleville, 1.3 km E jct. Rt. 640 & Plymouth Rd., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1867°N, 67.6817°W], 7.V.2008, R. P. Webster, old hardwood forest, in fleshy (shelf) polypore fungi on beech log (1 (many individuals observed), NBM). Charlotte Co., 10 km NW of New River Beach, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.2110°N, 66.6170°W], 31.V–15.VI.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old growth eastern white cedar forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC). Gloucester Co., near Black Rock, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.7395°N, 65.2545°W], 8.VI.2006, R. P. Webster, eastern white cedar swamp, near slime mold under bark (of [taxon-name: Populus] log) (1, RWC). Queens Co., Cranberry Lake P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W], 24.IV–5.V.2009, 5–12.V.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (6, AFC). Restigouche Co., NE of jct. Little Tobique River and Red Brook, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.4502°N, 67.0578°W], 24.V.2007, R. P. Webster, old-growth eastern white cedar swamp, under bark of [taxon-name: Populus] log (1, RWC); Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W], 31.V–15.VI.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, NBM). Sunbury Co., Acadia Research Forest, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.9866°N, 66.3841°W], 8–13.V.2009, 13–18.V.2009, 8–13.VII.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, mature (110-year-old) red spruce forest with scattered red maple and balsam fir, Lindgren funnel traps (9, AFC). York Co., Charters Settlement, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.8286°N, 66.7365°W], 3.VI.2007, R. P. Webster, mature red spruce forest, under bark of red spruce (1, RWC); 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 22–25.IV.2009, 4–11.V.2009, 11–19.V.2009, 19–25.V.2009, 25.V–1.VI.2009, 15–21.VI.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel traps (6, AFC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 25.IV–10.V.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC).

Collection and habitat data.

Bousquet (1989) reported that [taxon-name: Henotiderus] occur in leaf litter, and various fungi such as [taxon-name: Polyporus], [taxon-name: Pleurotus] and [taxon-name: Fomes] in forests. Most specimens of [taxon-name: Henotiderus centromaculatus]from Nova Scotia were found in red spruce forests (Majka and Langor 2010). In New Brunswick, this species was found in various of forest types including mature hardwood forests, an old red oak forest, an old mixed forest, mature red spruce forests, an old red (180-year-old) pine forest, an old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest (boreal forest), and eastern white cedar forests. Adults were found under bark of a fungus-covered beech log, under bark of a [taxon-name: Populus] log, under bark of a red spruce, near slime mold under bark of [taxon-name: Populus] sp., and in fleshy (shelf) polypore fungi on an American beech log. This species was frequently captured in Lindgren funnel traps. Adults were captured during April, May, June, and July.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, NT, AB, ON, QC, NB, NS (Bousquet 1991b; as [taxon-name: Henotiderus obesulus] (Casey)).

[taxon-name[genus: Myrmedophila][species: americana]]

[taxon-authority: (LeConte, 1879)**]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Myrmedophila_americana

Map 19

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Restigouche Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W], 30.V–15.VI.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, NBM); same locality and collectors but [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9030°N, 68.3503°W], 27.VI–14.VII.2011, old-growth northern hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

This species is myrmecophilous and associated with [taxon-name: Formica] sp. (Bousquet 1989). The two adults from New Brunswick were captured in Lindgren funnel traps deployed in an old-growth northern hardwood forest and an old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest. This species was collected during June and July.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

AK, YT, AB, MB, QC, NB (Bousquet 1989).

[taxon-name[genus: Pteryngium][species: crenatum]]

[taxon-authority: (Gyllenhal, 1808)]

http://species-id.net/wiki/Pteryngium_crenatum

Map 20

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Charlotte Co., 10 km NW of New River Beach, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.2110°N, 66.6170°W], 31.V-15.VI.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old growth eastern white cedar forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC). Restigouche Co., Dionne Brook P.N.A., [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9064°N, 68.3441°W], 31.V–15.VI.2011, 27.VI–14.VII.2011, 28.VII-8.VIII.2011, 8–23.VIII.2011, M. Roy & V. Webster, old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest, Lindgren funnel traps (6, RWC); same locality and collectors but [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 47.9030°N, 68.3503°W], 28.VII–9.VIII.2011, old-growth northern hardwood forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC). York Co., 15 km W of Tracy off Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6848°N, 66.8821°W], 7–14.VII.2009, M.-A. Giguère & R. Webster, old red pine forest, Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC); 14 km WSW of Tracy, S of Rt. 645, [dwc:verbatimCoordinates: 45.6741°N, 66.8661°W], 10–26.V.2010, R. Webster & C. MacKay, old mixed forest with red and white spruce, red and white pine, balsam fir, eastern white cedar, red maple, and [taxon-name: Populus] sp., Lindgren funnel trap (1, RWC).

Collection and habitat data.

This adventive Palaearctic species was reported from bracket fungi in coniferous forests in Nova Scotia by Majka and Langor (2010). The New Brunswick specimens were captured in Lindgren funnel traps deployed in an old eastern white cedar forest, an old-growth red pine forest, an old-growth white spruce and balsam fir forest (boreal forest), an old-growth northern hardwood forest, and an old mixed forest. Adults were captured during May, June, July, and August.

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

BC, QC, NB, NS (Bousquet 1991b; Majka and Langor 2010).


Supplementary Material XML Treatment for [genus: Odontosphindus][species: denticollis]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment1.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Sphindus][uncertainty-rank: species near][species: americanus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment2.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Sphindus][species: trinifer]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment3.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Dacne][species: quadrimaculata]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment4.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Triplax][species: macra]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment5.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Tritoma][species: humeralis]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment6.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Tritoma][species: pulchra]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment7.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Tritoma][species: sanguinipennis]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment8.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Rhizophagus][species: dimidiatus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment9.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Rhizophagus][species: minutus][subspecies: rotundicollis]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment10.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Rhizophagus][species: remotus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment11.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Pycnotomina][species: cavicollis]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment12.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Antherophagus][species: convexulus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment13.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Cryptophagus][species: acutangulus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment14.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Cryptophagus][species: pilosus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment15.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Cryptophagus][species: mainensis]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment16.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Henoticus][species: serratus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment17.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Henotiderus][species: centromaculatus]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment18.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Myrmedophila][species: americana]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment19.xml)

XML Treatment for [genus: Pteryngium][species: crenatum]
Click here for additional data file (zookeys.179.2466-treatment20.xml)


Acknowledgments

We thank Caroline Simpson for editing this manuscript, and Patrice Bouchard and an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments. Yves Bousquet, Anthony Davies, and Serge Laplante (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (CNC), Ottawa) are thanked for determining specimens and other invaluable assistance. We thank Nichole Brawn, Katie Burgess, Marie-Andrée Giguère, Nancy Harn, Cory Hughes, Rob Johns, Marsella Laity, Colin MacKay, Wayne MacKay, Scott Makepeace, Jessica Price, Michelle Roy, D. Sabine, and Vincent Webster for technical assistance and collecting specimens. Natural Resources Canada - Canadian Forest Service, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, and the USDA APHIS are thanked for funding the study on early detection of invasive cerambycids, which provided many specimens collected in Lindgren funnel traps. We thank the New Brunswick Environmental Trust Fund and New Brunswick Wildlife Trust Fund for funding various insect surveys over the past 7 years, and the Meduxnekeag River Association for permission to sample beetles at the Meduxnekeag Valley Nature Preserve (which includes the Bell Forest). The New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources (Fish and Wildlife Branch) is thanked for issuing permits for sampling in the Protected Natural Areas and for providing logistical support.


References
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Bouchard P,Bousquet Y,Davies AE,Alonso-Zarazaga MA,Lawrence JF,Lyal CHC,Newton AF,Reid CAM,Schmitt M,Ślipiński SA,Smith ABT. (Year: 2011) Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta).ZooKeys 88: 1-972 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.88.80721594053
Bousquet Y. (Year: 1989) A review of the North American genera of Cryptophaginae (Coleoptera: Cryptophagidae).The Coleopterists Bulletin 43 (1): 1-17
Bousquet Y. (Year: 1990) A review of the North American species of Rhizophagus Herbst and revision of the Nearctic members of the subgenus Anomophagus Reitter (Coleoptera: Rhizophagidae).The Canadian Entomologist 122: 131-171 doi: 10.4039/Ent122131-1
Bousquet Y. (Year: 1991a) Family Rhizophagidae: rhizophagid beetles. In: Bousquet Y. (Ed) Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Publication 1861/E, 218–219
Bousquet Y. (Year: 1991b) Family Cryptophagidae: silken fungus beetles. In: Bousquet Y. (Ed) Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Publication 1861/E, 221–223
Bousquet Y. (Year: 2002) Family 79. Monotomidae Laporte 1840. In: Bousquet Y. (Ed) Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Publication 1861/E, 319–321
Bousquet Y,Laplante S. (Year: 2000) Taxonomic review of the Canadian species of the genus Monotoma Herbst (Coleoptera: Monotomidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario130: 67–96
Campbell JM. (Year: 1973) A revision of the genus Tachinus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) of North and Central America.Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 90: 1-137 doi: 10.4039/entm10590fv
Campbell JM. (Year: 1991a) Family Sphindidae: dry-fungus beetles. In: Bousquet Y. (Ed) Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Publication 1861/E, 213
Campbell JM. (Year: 1991b) Family Erotylidae: pleasing fungus beetles. In: Bousquet Y. (Ed) Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario, Publication 1861/E, 225–226
Casey TL. (Year: 1898) Studies in the Ptinidae, Cioidae and Sphindidae of America.Journal of the New York Entomological Society 6: 61-93
Dollin PE,Majka CG,Diunker PN. (Year: 2008) Saproxylic beetle (Coleoptera) communities and forest management practices in coniferous stands in southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada. In: Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Eds). Biodiversity, biosystematics, and ecology of Canadian Coleoptera.ZooKeys 2: 291–336 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.2.15
Downie NM,Arnett RH Jr. (Year: 1996) The beetles of northeastern North America, Volumes 1 and 2.Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, Florida, 1721 pp.
Lafontaine JD,Allyson S,Behan-Pelletier VM,Borkent A,Campbell JM,Hamilton KGA,Martin JEH,Masner L. (Year: 1987) The insects, spiders, and mites of Cape Breton Highlands National Park. Biosystematics Research Report 1. Agriculture Canada, Ontario, 302 pp.
Lawrence JF,Newton AF Jr. (Year: 1980) Coleoptera associated with the fruiting bodies of slime molds (Myxomycetes).The Coleopterists Bulletin 34: 129-143
Leschen RA,Skelley PE. (Year: 2002a) Family 85. Cryptophagidae Kirby 1837. In: Arnett RH Jr,Thomas MC,Skelley PE,Frank JH. (Eds) American Beetles. Volume 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 338–342
Leschen RA,Skelley PE. (Year: 2002b) Family 86. Languriidae Wiedeman 1823. In: Arnett RH Jr,Thomas MC,Skelley PE,Frank JH. (Eds) American Beetles. Volume 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 343–347
Majka CG. (Year: 2007) The Erotylidae and Endomychidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea) of the Maritime provinces of Canada: new records, zoogeography, and observations on beetle–fungi relationships and forest health.Zootaxa 1546: 39-50
Majka CG. (Year: 2010) The Sphindidae (Coleoptera) of Nova Scotia, Canada.Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society 6: 30-33
Majka CG,Bousquet Y. (Year: 2010) Monotomidae (Coleoptera) of the Maritime provinces of Canada.Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society 6: 1-8
Majka CG,Langor D. (Year: 2010) Contributions towards an understanding of the Cryptophaginae (Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae) of Atlantic Canada.ZooKeys 35: 13-35 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.35.314
Majka CG,Johnson C,Langor DW. (Year: 2010a) Contributions towards an understanding of the Atomariinae (Coleoptera, Cryptophagidae) of Atlantic Canada.ZooKeys 35: 37-63 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.35.318
Majka CG,Migneault R,Webster RP. (Year: 2010b)Acropteroxys gracilis (Newman): the first reports of a lizard beetles (Coleoptera: Erotylidae: Lanuriinae) in the Maritime provinces of Canada.Journal of the Acadian Entomological Society 6: 28-29
McHugh JV. (Year: 2002) Family 75. Sphindidae Jacquelin duVal 1861. In: Arnett RH Jr,Thomas MC,Skelley PE,Frank JH. (Eds). American Beetles.Volume 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionidea, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida: 305-308
Skelley PE,Goodrich MA,Leschen RAB. (Year: 1991) Fungal host records for the Erotylidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea) of America north of Mexico.Entomological News 102: 57-72
Skelley PE,McHugh JV. (Year: 2002) Family 87. Erotylidae Leach 1815. In: Arnett RH Jr,Thomas MC,Skelley PE,Frank JH. (Eds). American Beetles.Volume 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionidea, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida: 305-308
Webster RP,Klimaszewski J,Pelletier G,Savard K. (Year: 2009) New Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) records with new collection data from New Brunswick, Canada. I. Aleocharinae. In: Majka CG,Klimaszewski J. (Eds). Biodiversity, biosystematics, and ecology of Canadian Coleoptera II.ZooKeys 22: 171–248 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.22.152
Webster RP,Smetana A,Sweeney JD,DeMerchant I. (Year: in press) New Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) records with new collection data from New Brunswick and an addition to the fauna of Quebec: Staphylininae. In: Klimaszewski J, Anderson R (Eds) Biodiversity, Biosystematics and Ecology of Canadian Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) II. ZooKeys.
Woodroffe GE,Coombs CW. (Year: 1961) A revision of the North American Cryptophagus Herbst (Coleoptera: Cryptophagidae).Miscellaneous Publications of the Entomological Society of America 2: 179-211

Figures

[Figure ID: F1]
Map 1. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Odontosphindus denticollis].



[Figure ID: F2]
Map 2. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Sphindus] near americanus.



[Figure ID: F3]
Map 3. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer].



[Figure ID: F4]
Map 4. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Dacne quadrimaculata]



[Figure ID: F5]
Map 5. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Triplax macra].



[Figure ID: F6]
Map 6. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Tritoma humeralis].



[Figure ID: F7]
Map 7. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Tritoma pulchra].



[Figure ID: F8]
Map 8. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Tritoma sanguinipennis].



[Figure ID: F9]
Map 9. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Rhizophagus dimidiatus].



[Figure ID: F10]
Map 10. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Rhizophagus minutus rotundicollis].



[Figure ID: F11]
Map 11. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Rhizophagus remotus].



[Figure ID: F12]
Map 12. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Pycnotomina cavicolle].



[Figure ID: F13]
Map 13. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Antherophagus convexulus]



[Figure ID: F14]
Map 14. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Cryptophagus acutangulus].



[Figure ID: F15]
Map 15. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Cryptophagus pilosus].



[Figure ID: F16]
Map16. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Cryptophagus mainensis].



[Figure ID: F17]
Map 17. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Henoticus serratus].



[Figure ID: F18]
Map 18. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Henotiderus centromaculatus].



[Figure ID: F19]
Map 19. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Myrmedophila a]mericana.



[Figure ID: F20]
Map 20. 

Collection localities in New Brunswick, Canada of [taxon-name: Pteryngium crenatum].



Tables
[TableWrap ID: d35e250]
AK Alaska MB Manitoba
YT Yukon Territory ON Ontario
NT Northwest Territories QC Quebec
NU Nunavut NB New Brunswick
BC British Columbia PE Prince Edward Island
AB Alberta NS Nova Scotia
SK Saskatchewan NF & LB Newfoundland and Labrador

[TableWrap ID: T1] Table 1. 

Species of [taxon-name: Sphindidae], [taxon-name: Erotylidae], [taxon-name: Monotomidae], and [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] recorded from New Brunswick.


Family [taxon-name: Sphindidae] Jacquelin du Val
Subfamily [taxon-name: Odontosphindinae] Sen Gupta and Crowson
[taxon-name: Odontosphindus denticollis] LeConte*
Subfamily [taxon-name: Sphindinae]Jacquelin du Val
[taxon-name: Sphindus] near americanus LeConte
[taxon-name: Sphindus trinifer] Casey*
[taxon-name: Eurysphindus hirtus] LeConte
Family [taxon-name: Erotylidae] Latreille
Subfamily [taxon-name: Languriinae] Hope
Tribe [taxon-name: Languriini] Hope
[taxon-name: Acropteroxys gracilis] (Newman)
Subfamily [taxon-name: Erotylinae] Latreille
Tribe [taxon-name: Dacnini] Gistel
[taxon-name: Dacne quadrimaculata] (Say)*
Tribe [taxon-name: Tritomini] Curtis
[taxon-name: Triplax dissimulator] (Crotch)
[taxon-name: Triplax frosti] Casey
[taxon-name: Triplax macra] LeConte*
[taxon-name: Triplax thoracica] Say
[taxon-name: Tritoma humeralis] Fabricius*
[taxon-name: Tritoma pulchra] Say*
[taxon-name: Tritoma sanguinipennis] (Say)**
Family [taxon-name: Monotomidae] Laporte
Subfamily [taxon-name: Rhizophaginae] Laporte
[taxon-name: Rhizophagus brunneus brunneus] Horn
[taxon-name: Rhizophagus dimidiatus] Mannerheim
[taxon-name: Rhizophagus minutus rotundicollis] Bousquet*
[taxon-name: Rhizophagus remotus] LeConte*
Subfamily [taxon-name: Monotominae] Laporte
[taxon-name: Monotoma bicolor] Villa and Villa
[taxon-name: Monotoma longicollis] (Gyllenhal)
[taxon-name: Monotoma picipes] Herbst
[taxon-name: Monotoma producta] LeConte
[taxon-name: Pycnotomina cavicollis] (Horn)**
Tribe [taxon-name: Cryptophagini] Kirby
Family [taxon-name: Cryptophagidae] Kirby
Subfamily [taxon-name: Cryptophaginae] Kirby
[taxon-name: Antherophagus convexulus] LeConte
[taxon-name: Antherophagus ochraceus] Melshiemer
[taxon-name: Cryptophagus acutangulus] Gyllenhal*
[taxon-name: Cryptophagus fallax] Balfour-Browne
[taxon-name: Cryptophagus mainensis] Casey*
[taxon-name: Cryptophagus pilosus] Gyllenhal**
[taxon-name: Henoticus serratus] (Gyllenhal)*
[taxon-name: Henotiderus centromaculatus] Reitter*
[taxon-name: Pteryngium crenatum] (Fabricius)*
[taxon-name: Telmatophilus americanus] LeConte
[taxon-name: Telmatophilus typhae] (Fallen)
Tribe [taxon-name: Atomeriini] LeConte
Subfamily [taxon-name: Atomeriinae] LeConte
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) apicalis] Erichson
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) distincta] Casey
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) ephippiata] Zimmerman
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) fuscata] Schonherr
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) lewisi] Reitter
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) pusilla] (Paykull)
[taxon-name: Atomaria (Anchicera) ] Stephens

Notes. *New to province, **New to Maritime provinces.



Article Categories:
  • Article

Keywords: Keywords  Sphindidae, Erotylidae, Monotomidae, Cryptophagidae, new records, Canada, New Brunswick.

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