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New Antifungal Compounds from Aspergillus terreus Isolated from Desert Soil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22422648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two new butyrolactone I derivatives: 3-[3-hydroxy-4-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)-phenyl]-5-(-4-hydroxybenzyl)-4-methyl-dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (1) and (Z)-3-[3-hydroxy-4-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)-phenyl]-5-(-4-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-methyl-dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (2), in addition to the previously described (S)-methyl-4-hydroxy-2-[4-hydroxy-3-(3-methyl-but-2-enyl)-benzyl]-3-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-5-oxo-2,5-dihydro-furan-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester (3), were identified from a strain of Aspergillus terreus Thom (Trichocomaceae) isolated from desert soil. The antifungal activities of both intra- and extracellular metabolites of A. terreus grown on yeast extract sucrose and malt extract media were determined. Only the secondary metabolites of A. terreus grown on yeast extract sucrose medium were active against Aspergillus fumigatus RCMB 002008. The antifungal activity of A. terreus was attributed to the presence of the compounds (1) and (2), whose minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) against A. fumigatus were found to be 32.00 and 16.00 µg/mL respectively. Structure elucidation was carried out using UV spectrometry, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS), high resolution electron impact (HREIMS) spectrometry, (1) H- and (13)  C-NMR, proton-proton correlation spectroscopy ((1) H-(1) H Cosy), distortionless enhancement by polarization transfer (DEPT), heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) and heteronuclear multiple bond correlations (HMBC) spectroscopy. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Amani S Awaad; Al-Jaber A Nabilah; Mohamed E Zain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytotherapy research : PTR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-1573     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904486     Medline TA:  Phytother Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA. amaniawaad@hotmail.com.
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