Document Detail


Neurotoxicity of Nigerian bonny light crude oil in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23020769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biometal accumulation may contribute to organ toxicity in individuals using the Nigerian bonny light crude oil (BLCO) for ailment management. We assessed the levels of biometals, antioxidant status, along with histomorphometric analysis to investigate the effect of BLCO, commonly use in folklore medicine, on the brain. Adult male Wistar rats were dosed by gavage with BLCO at 0, 200, and 800 mg/kg(-1) of BLCO for 7 days. Results showed the accumulation of iron, zinc, nickel and lead, in contrast to copper, in BLCO-treated rats. Administration of BLCO disrupted the brain's antioxidant system and significantly increased levels of hydrogen peroxide and lipid peroxidation. Although the Purkinje layer and maximum width of Purkinje cells were not affected, BLCO treatment significantly decreased molecular layer, granular layer, and density of Purkinje cells of the cerebellum. The neurotoxicity of BLCO may be the result of oxidative stress resulting from loss of biometal homeostasis as well as toxicant injury from other constituents of BLCO.
Authors:
Azubike P Ebokaiwe; Isaac A Adedara; Olatunde Owoeye; Ebenezer O Farombi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and chemical toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-6014     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Chem Toxicol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801723     Medline TA:  Drug Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Drug Metabolism and Toxicology Research Laboratories, Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan , Ibadan , Nigeria.
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