Document Detail


Neuroticism, recall bias and attention bias for valenced probes: a twin study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18377673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Prior research on the nature of the vulnerability of neuroticism to psychopathology suggests biases in information processing towards emotional rather than neutral information. It is unclear to what extent this relationship can be explained by genetic or environmental factors. METHOD: The genetic relationship between a neuroticism composite score and free recall of pleasant and unpleasant words and the reaction time on negative probes (dot-probe task) was investigated in 125 female twin pairs. Interaction effects were modelled to test whether the correlation between neuroticism and cognitive measures depended on the level of the neuroticism score. RESULTS: The only significant correlation was between neuroticism and the proportion of recalled unpleasant words (heritability is 30%), and was only detectable at the higher end of the neuroticism distribution. This interaction effect seems to be due to environmental effects that make people in the same family more similar (e.g. parental discipline style), rather than genetic factors. An interesting sub-finding was that faster reaction times for left versus right visual field probes in the dot-probe task suggest that cognitive processing in the right hemisphere is more sensitive to subliminal (biologically relevant) cues and that this characteristic is under substantial genetic control (49%). Individual differences in reaction times on right visual field probes were due to environmental effects only. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence that the predisposition of individuals to focus on negative (emotional) stimuli is a possible underlying genetic mechanism of neuroticism.
Authors:
F V Rijsdijk; H Riese; M Tops; H Snieder; W H Brouwer; H G O M Smid; J Ormel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Twin Study     Date:  2008-04-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0033-2917     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-16     Completed Date:  2009-03-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  45-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Research Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. f.rijsdijk@iop.kcl.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Attention*
Cognition
Cues
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics,  psychology
Humans
Mental Recall*
Neurotic Disorders / genetics*,  psychology*
Reaction Time
Subliminal Stimulation
Task Performance and Analysis
Twins / psychology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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