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Neuropsychological and neurophysiological effects of strengthening exercise for early dementia: A pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22136405     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT Research demonstrates a positive effect of aerobic exercise on cognitive functioning in older adults. Unfortunately, aerobic exercise is often contraindicated for older adults due to cardiovascular and functional limitations. Low-intensity strengthening exercise may offer a practical alternative, but the neuropsychological benefits and potential neurophysiological mechanisms are less well understood. The current study evaluated the effects of a 10-week strengthening exercise intervention on cognitive functioning and EEG in a sample of 13 older adults with early dementia, and 9 normative controls. Results revealed beneficial effects of strengthening exercise on verbal memory coupled with frontal beta and delta power asymmetries and N200 amplitude asymmetry. Results point to increased cognitive efficiency following 10 weeks of strengthening exercise. The findings suggest it is feasible to conduct a strengthening intervention with early dementia patients, and to gather neuropsychological and neurophysiological data to evaluate outcomes. Strengthening exercise may serve as a useful alternative to aerobic exercise.
Vadim Yerokhin; Cay Anderson-Hanley; Michael J Hogan; Mina Dunnam; Daniel Huber; Sandra Osborne; Mollie Shulan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-4128     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9614434     Medline TA:  Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a Healthy Aging & Neuropsychology Laboratory, Union College , Schenectady , NY , USA.
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