Document Detail


Neuropsychological impairments in neuroleptic-responder vs. -nonresponder schizophrenic patients and healthy volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11738536     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To determine whether two groups of schizophrenic patients representing the two extremes of the neuroleptic response-spectrum (consistent responders vs. consistent nonresponders) differ with respect to their neuropsychological profile. Neuroleptic-responder (R; n=36) and -nonresponder (NR; n=39) schizophrenic patients were recruited according to a priori defined criteria of responsiveness to typical neuroleptics. Seven neuropsychological domains were assessed and compared between groups: attention-vigilance, abstraction-flexibility, spatial organization, visual-motor processing, visual memory, verbal abilities, and verbal memory and learning. All measures were standardized using the scores of 36 healthy volunteers. NR schizophrenic patients performed worse in all neuropsychological domains compared to normal controls and R schizophrenic patients. However, only performances on visual memory, verbal abilities, and verbal memory and learning were significantly poorer in NR compared to R patients. Only the latter domain significantly differentiated NR patients from the other two groups. R patients performed at an intermediate level in all domains. This report of differences in neuropsychological profile between neuroleptic-responder and -nonresponder schizophrenic patients adds to the growing evidence supporting the value of distinguishing schizophrenic patients on the basis of their therapeutic response to neuroleptics.
Authors:
Ridha Joober; Guy A Rouleau; Samarthji Lal; Michael Dixon; Gillian O'Driscoll; Roberta Palmour; Lawrence Annable; David Bloom; Pierre Lalonde; Alain Labelle; Chawki Benkelfat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Schizophrenia research     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0920-9964     ISO Abbreviation:  Schizophr. Res.     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-12-13     Completed Date:  2002-03-15     Revised Date:  2010-09-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804207     Medline TA:  Schizophr Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Douglas Hospital Research Center, McGill University, Que., H3A 1A1, Montreal, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Antipsychotic Agents / therapeutic use*
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*,  etiology
Drug Resistance
Female
Humans
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Schizophrenia / complications,  drug therapy*
Severity of Illness Index
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antipsychotic Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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