Document Detail


Neuropsychological functioning in hoarding disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21764138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hoarding disorder (HD) is increasingly viewed as distinct from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). In particular, some researchers have suggested that HD is characterized by substantial problems of neurocognitive function; however, HD patients have not yet been compared to OCD patients in this respect. The aim of the present study was to compare neuropsychological test performance in HD patients (n=27), OCD patients (n=12), and healthy controls (n=26). Consistent with previous research, HD patients showed an attenuated ability to sustain attention and poorer employment of adaptive memory strategies compared to healthy controls. HD and OCD patients did not differ significantly on these measures, although moderate effect sizes suggested that hoarders showed somewhat greater attenuation of attentional capacity. Rates of true impairment on any particular neuropsychological test were fairly low across all three groups, although 67% of HD patients (compared to 58% of OCD patients and 42% of healthy controls) scored in the impaired range on at least one measure (odds ratio=2.22). Results are discussed in terms of emerging conceptualizations of HD as a distinct illness.
Authors:
David F Tolin; Anna Villavicencio; Andrea Umbach; Matthew M Kurtz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-07-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry research     Volume:  189     ISSN:  0165-1781     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry Res     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-03     Completed Date:  2011-11-15     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7911385     Medline TA:  Psychiatry Res     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological / physiology
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Attention / physiology
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*,  etiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Memory / physiology
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / complications
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Self Report
Speech Disorders / complications*
Statistics as Topic
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 MH074934/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH074934-04/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01MH074934/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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