Document Detail


Neuropsychological consequences of extreme weight loss and dietary restriction in patients with anorexia nervosa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9892058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the effects of weight loss and nutritional status on the cognitive performance of patients with anorexia nervosa. The intellectual, memory, attentional, verbal fluency and visuospatial abilities of 34 females with anorexia were compared to that of 31 normal weight-for-height females. Group differences in anxiety and depression were found but neither variable was related to the cognitive performance of patients with anorexia. Moreover, nutritional status and weight loss bore little relationship to the cognitive scores of the patient group. Overall, patients with anorexia were found to be deficient in their ability to recall meaningful prose and visuospatial information. The failure to find many cognitive deficits in this sample may reflect the fact that few patients with anorexia exhibited frank nutritional deficiencies.
Authors:
J L Mathias; P S Kent
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1380-3395     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Exp Neuropsychol     Publication Date:  1998 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-03-29     Completed Date:  1999-03-29     Revised Date:  2008-04-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502170     Medline TA:  J Clin Exp Neuropsychol     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  548-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Adelaide, South Australia. psyj-mat@psychology.adelaide.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anorexia Nervosa / psychology*
Attention / physiology
Cognition / physiology
Eating / physiology*
Female
Humans
Intelligence
Memory / physiology
Neuropsychological Tests*
Nutritional Status
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Reference Values
Space Perception / physiology
Verbal Behavior / physiology
Weight Loss / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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