Document Detail


Neuropsychologic function in same-sex twins discordant for perinatal brain damage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8034765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied childhood neuropsychologic function in two pairs of low birth weight, same-sex twins reared together but with different patterns of concordance and discordance for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and hydrocephalus (HYD). Same-sex twins have discordant levels of cognitive skills when one twin but not the other develops IVH alone or IVH and HYD at birth. The results bear on several issues: the effects of prematurity, the effects of IVH, the combined effects of IVH and HYD, and the potential applications of the present methodology of pairwise-matched twin comparisons for understanding how different forms of perinatal brain damage affect childhood cognitive functions important for learning.
Authors:
M Dennis; M A Barnes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0196-206X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Publication Date:  1994 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-08-16     Completed Date:  1994-08-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006933     Medline TA:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brain Damage, Chronic / diagnosis,  genetics*,  psychology
Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications,  genetics,  psychology
Child
Child, Preschool
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis,  genetics*,  psychology
Diseases in Twins / diagnosis,  genetics*,  psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Hydrocephalus / complications,  genetics,  psychology
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis,  genetics*,  psychology
Intelligence / genetics
Language Development Disorders / diagnosis,  genetics,  psychology
Learning Disorders / diagnosis,  genetics,  psychology
Male
Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
Psychometrics
Reading

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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