Document Detail

Neuropsychiatric profiles in patients with Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16170072     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To explore the neuropsychiatric manifestations in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cortical and subcortical vascular dementia (VaD). METHODS: We investigated consecutive patients with dementia. All the participants received brain computed tomography. The diagnosis of dementia was confirmed by clinical criteria and the imaging findings. Only patients with probable AD, and subcortical and cortical VaD were included. The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) was used to evaluate global cognitive function, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) was used to assess neuropsychiatric symptoms. RESULTS: Of the 536 participants with dementia, 320 (59.7%) had AD, 161 (30%) had subcortical VaD, 35 (6.4%) had cortical VaD, and 16 (2.9%) had mixed cortical and subcortical VaD. Cortical VaD patients had the highest mean composite NPI scores in all domains and AD patients had the lowest composite scores in most domains. The mean composite scores of the apathy and sleep disturbance domains in patients with cortical VaD were significantly higher than those in the patients with AD after controlling for years of education and MMSE score (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There were few differences among the patients with AD, subcortical VaD and cortical VaD. The most consistent differences were the high sleep disturbance scores in those with cortical VaD.
J-L Fuh; S-J Wang; J L Cummings
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0022-3050     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-19     Completed Date:  2005-10-20     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985191R     Medline TA:  J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1337-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neurological Institute, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Alzheimer Disease / complications*
Cerebral Cortex / pathology
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*,  etiology*
Dementia, Vascular / complications*,  pathology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Mental Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Neuropsychological Tests
Severity of Illness Index

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