Document Detail


Neuropsychiatric effects of insular stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10665464     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The neuropsychiatric effects of insular damage in humans have not previously been examined. We therefore examined the neuropsychiatric impairment in seven patients with left insular stroke, six patients with right insular stroke, six patients with left hemisphere noninsular stroke, and six patients with right hemisphere noninsular stroke. Between 4 and 8 weeks after acute stroke, patients were administered a neuropsychiatric battery. Patients with right insular lesions had a greater frequency of subjective anergia and underactivity (Fisher's exact p = .002) as well as tiredness (Fisher's exact p < .002) compared with patients with non-insular lesions or left insular lesions. Subjective feelings of impaired energy or drive after right insular damage may result from disconnection between the insula and the frontal lobe or the anterior cingulate cortex, structures that have been associated with willed action and motor behavior.
Authors:
F Manes; S Paradiso; R G Robinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  187     ISSN:  0022-3018     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-16     Completed Date:  2000-02-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  707-12     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, The University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242-1057, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  psychology
Cerebral Cortex / physiopathology*
Cognition Disorders / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  psychology
Female
Functional Laterality / physiology*
Humans
Limbic System / physiopathology
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Activity / physiology
Neurologic Examination
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data*
Severity of Illness Index
Social Support
Stroke / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  psychology
Volition / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH 52879/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH 53592/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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