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Neuroprotective effects of three different sizes nanochelating based nano complexes in MPP(+) induced neurotoxicity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25451011     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the world's second most common dementia, which the drugs available for its treatment have not had effects beyond slowing the disease process. Recently nanotechnology has induced the chance for designing and manufacturing new medicines for neurodegenerative disease. It is demonstrated that by tuning the size of a nanoparticle, the physiological effect of the nanoparticle can be controlled. Using novel nanochelating technology, three nano complexes: Pas (150 nm), Paf (100 nm) and Pac (40 nm) were designed and in the present study their neuroprotective effects were evaluated in PC12 cells treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridine ion (MPP (+)). PC12 cells were pre-treated with the Pas, Paf or Pac nano complexes, then they were subjected to 10 μM MPP (+). Subsequently, cell viability, intracellular free Calcium and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential, catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, Glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and Caspase 3 expression were evaluated. All three nano complexes, especially Pac, were able to increase cell viability, SOD and CAT activity, decreased Caspase 3 expression and prevented the generation of ROS and the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential caused by MPP(+). Pre-treatment with Pac and Paf nano complexes lead to a decrease of intracellular free Calcium, but Pas nano complex could not decrease it. Only Pac nano complex decreased MDA levels and other nano complexes could not change this parameter compared to MPP(+) treated cells. Hence according to the results, all nanochelating based nano complexes induced neuroprotective effects in an experimental model of PD, but the smallest nano complex, Pac, showed the best results.
Authors:
Amirhossein Maghsoudi; Saideh Fakharzadeh; Maryam Hafizi; Maryam Abbasi; Fatemeh Kohram; Shima Sardab; Abbas Tahzibi; Somayeh Kalanaky; Mohammad Hassan Nazaran
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-675X     ISO Abbreviation:  Apoptosis     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712129     Medline TA:  Apoptosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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