Document Detail


Neuroprotection and repair in multiple sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23026979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease that is considered by many people to have an autoimmune aetiology. In recent years, new data emerging from histopathology, imaging and other studies have expanded our understanding of the disease and may change the way in which it is treated. Conceptual shifts have included: first, an appreciation of the extent to which the neuron and its axon are affected in MS, and second, elucidation of how the neurobiology of axon-glial and, particularly, axon-myelin interaction may influence disease progression. In this article, we review advances in both areas, focusing on the molecular mechanisms underlying axonal loss in acute inflammation and in chronic demyelination, and discussing how the restoration of myelin sheaths via the regenerative process of remyelination might prevent axon degeneration. An understanding of these processes could lead to better strategies for the prevention and treatment of axonal loss, which will ultimately benefit patients with MS.
Authors:
Robin J M Franklin; Charles Ffrench-Constant; Julia M Edgar; Kenneth J Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature reviews. Neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1759-4766     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Rev Neurol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101500072     Medline TA:  Nat Rev Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Wellcome Trust and MRC Stem Cell Institute and Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK.
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