Document Detail

Neuronal coding of linear motion in the vestibular nuclei of the alert cat. I. Response characteristics to vertical otolith stimulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3556485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of the present study was to investigate some aspects of the central processing of otolith information during linear motion. For this purpose, the response characteristics of 69 vestibular nuclei units to sinusoidal otolith stimulation in the vertical Z axis were analysed in the alert cat. Among this population of neurons which responded to a 0.05 Hz, 290 mm translation, 47 units (70%) displayed a firing rate modulation which followed the input frequency (H1 units). The majority of these neurons exhibited an increase in discharge rate during upward displacement, with a response phase close to the motion velocity or slightly leading downward acceleration. The acceleration related units were divided into two groups according to whether they showed clear increases or only a slight change in discharge rate when the stimulus frequency was increased. The former group was characterized by an average -16.3 dB drop in gain (from 43.9 +/- 1.8 dB, S.D. to 27.6 +/- 7 dB, S.D.) within the 0.05 Hz-0.5 Hz frequency range, while the latter group displayed an average -31.2 dB gain attenuation (from 45.1 +/- 1.1 dB, S.D. to 13.9 +/- 0 dB) within the same decade. In contrast to differences in response gain, all the units tested exhibited a relatively stable phase lead of about 20 degrees with respect to downward peak acceleration. Conversely, units whose response was close to motion velocity in the lower frequency range (0.05 Hz-0.10 Hz) displayed a strong phase lead of about 100 degrees when the stimulus frequency was increased (up to 0.50 Hz). These neurons were thus characterized by an acceleration related response in the higher frequency range. At the same time, an average -24.8 dB gain attenuation (from 47.7 +/- 3.4 dB to 22.9 +/- 3.7 dB) was found in the 0.05 Hz-0.5 Hz decade. The remaining 22 neurons (30%) were called H2 units since they displayed a response waveform double that of the input frequency, a response already described during sinusoidal rotation. Unit discharge reached a peak approximately in phase with maximum upward and downward velocity. Asymmetrical change in unit firing rate about the resting discharge level and different dynamic behavior of the upward and downward response components were usually found. These response characteristics suggest that the H2 patterns are centrally constructed and could result from convergence of otolith afferents having opposite polarization vectors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
C Xerri; J Barthélémy; F Harlay; L Borel; M Lacour
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0014-4819     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-19     Completed Date:  1987-05-19     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  569-81     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Motion Perception / physiology*
Neurons / classification,  physiology*
Otolithic Membrane / physiology*
Physical Stimulation
Saccule and Utricle / physiology*
Vestibular Nuclei / cytology,  physiology*

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