Document Detail

Neuromelanin enhances the toxicity of α-synuclein in SK-N-SH cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22200858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The key pathological feature of Parkinson's disease (PD) is selective degeneration of the neuromelanin (NM)-pigmented dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). NM, like other risk factors, such as oxidative stress (OS) and α-synuclein (α-syn), is involved in the pathogenesis of PD. But whether or not NM synergizes with α-syn or OS in the pathogenesis of PD remains unexplored. In the present study, we examined the effects of NM on cellular viability, apoptosis and free radical production in α-syn over-expressing human neuroblastoma cell line (SK-N-SH) in the presence or absence of the oxidizer Fenton's Reagent (FR). We showed that NM synergized with FR in suppressing cell viability, and in inducing apoptosis and hydroxyl radical production in all SK-N-SH cell lines. α-Syn over-expressing cells exhibited more pronounced effect, especially the A53T mutation. Our findings suggest that NM synergizes with both OS and α-syn in conferring dopaminergic vulnerability, adding to our understanding of the pathogenesis of PD.
Jie Li; Junfeng Yang; Peng Zhao; Shen Li; Renyun Zhang; Xiaobin Zhang; Dan Liu; Benshu Zhang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-1463     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9702341     Medline TA:  J Neural Transm     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Psychiatry, Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qixiangtai Road, Tianjin, 300070, China,
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