Document Detail

Neurology and Cardiology: Points of Contact.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21411208     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Strokes resulting from cardiac diseases, and cardiac abnormalities associated with neuromuscular disorders are examples of the many points of contact between neurology and cardiology. Approximately 20-30% of strokes are related to cardiac diseases, including atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, bacterial endocarditis, rheumatic and nonrheumatic valvular diseases, acute myocardial infarction with left ventricular thrombus, and cardiomyopathies associated with muscular dystrophies, among others. Strokes can also occur in the setting of cardiac interventions such as cardiac catheterization and coronary artery bypass procedures. Treatment to prevent recurrent stroke in any of these settings depends on the underlying etiology. Whereas anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists is proven to be superior to acetylsalicylic acid for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation, the superiority of anticoagulants has not been conclusively established for stroke associated with congestive heart failure and is contraindicated in those with infective endocarditis. Ongoing trials are evaluating management strategies in patients with atrial level shunts due to patent foramen ovale. Cardiomyopathies and conduction abnormalities are part of the spectrum of many neuromuscular disorders including mitochondrial disorders and muscular dystrophies. Cardiologists and neurologists share responsibility for caring for patients with or at risk for cardiogenic strokes, and for screening and managing the heart disease associated with neuromuscular disorders. Full English text available from:
Larry B Goldstein; Nada El Husseini
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista espanola de cardiologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1579-2242     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404277     Medline TA:  Rev Esp Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; SPA     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Duke Stroke Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, Estados Unidos; Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, Estados Unidos.
Vernacular Title:
Neurología y cardiología: puntos de contacto.
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