Document Detail


Neurological manifestation of recreational fatal and near-fatal diethylene glycol poisonings: case series and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25170933     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diethylene glycol is a common industrial solvent which is responsible for accidental and epidemic poisoning as early as the 1930s. Due to the unavailability and unaffordability of ethanol, people in Qatar among the low income group are consuming household chemicals, some of which contain diethylene glycol, for recreational purposes.The history of ingestion is usually not volunteered and the initial clinical presentation is usually nonspecific, making it difficult to diagnose from the clinical presentation. Moreover, the biochemical profile varies with time, making the diagnosis more difficult. The neurological course and toxicity is less well characterized than its renal counterpart. Moreover, reports in the literature of such recreational poisoning is lacking particularly in the region.Three cases of recreational diethylene glycol poisoning seen in Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar from 2009 to 2012 are detailed here.These illustrate the clinical course with emphasis on the neurological sequelae that include encephalopathy and multiple cranial and peripheral neuropathies with fatal and near-fatal outcomes. Neuroimaging in 2 were initially normal, but follow-up imaging showed brain atrophy. The third patient's neuroimaging showed diffuse brain edema with evidence of transtentorial herniation. Nerve conduction studies were performed in 2 of the 3 cases and showed evidence of mixed sensorimotor neuropathy. The outcomes were death in 1 and severe neurological morbidity and disability in 2 cases.Diethylene glycol is a dangerous substance when ingested and can result in mortality and severe morbidity, particularly from the renal and neurological manifestations. Whereas the mechanism of damage is less well known, the damage is likely dose related. The typical clinical pattern of evolution of the poisoning in the absence of cost-effective ways to detect it in the serum can help clinicians in making the diagnosis.Neurological manifestations may include encephalopathy and multiple cranial and peripheral neuropathies with subsequent brain atrophy. Public awareness of the danger of such recreational use should be raised.
Authors:
Yahia Zakaria Bashier Imam; Saadat Kamran; Hanfa Karim; Osama Elalamy; Tageldin Sokrab; Yasir Osman; Dirk Deleu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1536-5964     ISO Abbreviation:  Medicine (Baltimore)     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-08-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985248R     Medline TA:  Medicine (Baltimore)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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