Document Detail


Neurological and psychiatric diseases and their unique cognitive profiles: implications for nursing practice and research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23422693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To successfully negotiate and interact with one's environment, optimal cognitive functioning is needed. Unfortunately, many neurological and psychiatric diseases impede certain cognitive abilities such as executive functioning or speed of processing; this can produce a poor fit between the patient and the cognitive demands of his or her environment. Such nondementia diseases include bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress syndrome, depression, and anxiety disorders, just to name a few. Each of these diseases negatively affects particular areas of the brain, resulting in distinct cognitive profiles (e.g., deficits in executive functioning but normal speed of processing as seen in schizophrenia). In fact, it is from these cognitive deficits in which such behavioral and emotional symptoms may manifest (e.g., delusions, paranoia). This article highlights the distinct cognitive profiles of such common neurological and psychiatric diseases. An understanding of such disease-specific cognitive profiles can assist nurses in providing care to patients by knowing what cognitive deficits are associated with each disease and how these cognitive deficits impact everyday functioning and social interactions. Implications for nursing practice and research are posited within the framework of cognitive reserve and neuroplasticity.
Authors:
David E Vance; Joan E Dodson; Jason Watkins; Bridgett H Kennedy; Norman L Keltner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1945-2810     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neurosci Nurs     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-20     Completed Date:  2013-08-12     Revised Date:  2014-04-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603596     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-87     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Nursing Research
Cognition / physiology*
Humans
Mental Disorders* / nursing,  physiopathology,  psychology
Nervous System Diseases* / nursing,  physiopathology,  psychology
Neuronal Plasticity / physiology
Psychiatric Nursing / methods
Specialties, Nursing / methods*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2 P30 AG022838-06/AG/NIA NIH HHS; L30 AG022834/AG/NIA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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