Document Detail

Neurologic sequelae associated with foscarnet therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7803878     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To report three cases of possible foscarnet-induced neurologic sequelae. CASE SUMMARY: We report two cases of seizures and one case of hand cramping and finger paresthesia after starting foscarnet therapy with no evidence of predisposing risk factors, such as serum laboratory abnormalities, renal dysfunction, or known central nervous system (CNS) involvement. All three patients had stable laboratory values during therapy and when the neurologic adverse effects occurred. All patients were receiving appropriate dosages of foscarnet. DISCUSSION: The incidence of seizures in AIDS patients was reviewed. A history of CNS lesions, infections, and/or AIDS per se may increase the risk of a neurologic adverse effect while receiving foscarnet therapy. Acute ionized hypocalcemia may cause these neurologic adverse effects. Ionized hypocalcemia is transitory, is related to the rate of foscarnet infusion, and may not be reflected as a change in total serum calcium concentration. CONCLUSIONS: Foscarnet probably contributed to the neurologic adverse effects reported here. Foscarnet may need to be administered at a slower rate than is recommended by the manufacturer. Electrolytes must be monitored closely; however, a neurologic adverse effect may not be foreseen.
E Lor; Y Q Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of pharmacotherapy     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1060-0280     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Pharmacother     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-02     Completed Date:  1995-02-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203131     Medline TA:  Ann Pharmacother     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1035-7     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
San Francisco General Hospital, CA 94110.
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MeSH Terms
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
Foscarnet / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Infusions, Intravenous / adverse effects
Muscle Cramp / chemically induced
Paresthesia / chemically induced
Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / complications
Seizures / chemically induced*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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