Document Detail

Neuroleptic-induced deficits in food and water regulation: similarities to the lateral hypothalamic syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1161994     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The role of central dopaminergic mechanisms in the regulation of food and water intake was assessed by examining the effects of haloperidol and pimozide on various measures of feeding and drinking in rats. Haloperidol (0.20 mg/kg) or pimozide (0.45 mg/kg) did not significantly affect 1-hr water intake in response to 24 hrs of water deprivation, nor did they influence 2-hr food intake after 24 hrs food deprivation. However both pimozide and haloperidol significantly reduced drinking in response to injections of hypertonic saline. In addition, animals pretreated with these drugs drank less than controls in the absence of food (a measure of "non-prandial" drinking), and drank less than controls when the water was adulterated with quinine (a measure of "finickiness"). These drugs also significantly reduced food intake in response to injections of insulin and attenuated amphetamine anorexia. These deficits are similar to those observed after electrolytic lesions of the lateral hypothalamus or after 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the substantia nigra. Because haloperidol and pimozide block central dopaminergic receptor sites, the present findings are consistent with the hypothesis that part of the lateral hypothalamic syndrome is the result of damage to the dopaminergic nigro-neostriatal projection. Finally, the data suggest that the changes in feeding and drinking induced by haloperidol and pimozide reflect genuine homeostatic deficits rather than being due to a neuroleptic-induced motor dysfunction.
A P Zis; H C Fibiger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacologia     Volume:  43     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacologia     Publication Date:  1975 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1975-12-04     Completed Date:  1975-12-04     Revised Date:  2014-07-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609417     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacologia     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Appetite Regulation / drug effects*
Dextroamphetamine / pharmacology
Dopamine / physiology
Drinking Behavior / drug effects
Food Deprivation
Haloperidol / pharmacology*
Hydroxydopamines / pharmacology
Hypothalamus / physiology*
Insulin / pharmacology
Pimozide / pharmacology*
Saline Solution, Hypertonic / pharmacology
Substantia Nigra / physiology
Water Deprivation
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hydroxydopamines; 0/Insulin; 0/Saline Solution, Hypertonic; 1HIZ4DL86F/Pimozide; A7V27PHC7A/Quinine; J6292F8L3D/Haloperidol; TZ47U051FI/Dextroamphetamine; VTD58H1Z2X/Dopamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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