Document Detail


Neurohypophyseal response to dehydration in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7061123     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of dehydration on neurohypophyseal hormone secretion, both vasopressin and oxytocin, fluid balance, and blood pressure in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and their normotensive controls, Wistar Kyoto (WKY). Metabolic studies showed that the antidiuretic response to dehydration (24 and 48 hours of water deprivation) was significantly depressed (p less than 0.01) in the hypertensive animals. They responded inappropriately to dehydration with a greater loss of water and sodium and a larger increase in hematocrit. In contrast, the vasopressin response (both urinary excretion and plasma levels) was increased. The peak plasma levels were 25.3 pg/ml (SHR) compared to 16.6 pg/ml (WKY), while the urinary excretion was 22.5 ng/24 hrs (SHR) vs 9.0 ng/24 hrs (WKY). Dehydration also elicited a stimulation of oxytocin secretion, with no differences observed in the responses of the groups. Blood pressure was significantly greater in the SHR and it did not change during dehydration. These results provide further support for the idea that hypertension is associated with abnormalities in the control of fluid/electrolyte balance.
Authors:
M Morris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:    1982 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-05-21     Completed Date:  1982-05-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure
Hematocrit
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Male
Osmolar Concentration
Oxytocin / secretion*
Plasma Volume
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Vasopressins / secretion*
Water-Electrolyte Balance*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-22411/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
11000-17-2/Vasopressins; 50-56-6/Oxytocin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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