Document Detail

Neurohumoral and metabolic response to exercise in water.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20178064     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) stimulates lipid mobilization and lipid oxidation in humans. The mechanism appears to promote lipid mobilization during exercise. We tested the hypothesis that water immersion augments exercise-induced ANP release and that the change in ANP availability is associated with increased lipid mobilization and lipid oxidation. In an open randomized and cross-over fashion we studied 17 men (age 31+/-3.6 years; body mass index 24+/-1.7 kg/m(2); body fat 17+/-6.7%) on no medication. Subjects underwent two incremental exercise tests on a bicycle ergometer. One test was conducted on land and the other test during immersion in water up to the xiphoid process. In a subset (n=7), we obtained electromyography recordings in the left leg. We monitored gas exchange, blood pressure, and heart rate. In addition, we obtained blood samples towards the end of each exercise step to determine ANP, norepinephrine, epinephrine, lactate, free fatty acids, insulin, and glucose concentrations. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and oxygen consumption at the anaerobic threshold and during peak exercise were similar on land and with exercise in water. The respiratory quotient was mildly reduced when subjects exercised in water. Glucose and lactate measurements were decreased whereas free fatty acid concentrations were increased with exercise in water. Water immersion attenuated epinephrine and norepinephrine and augmented ANP release during exercise. Even though water immersion blunts exercise-induced sympathoadrenal activation, lipid mobilization and lipid oxidation rate are maintained or even improved. The response may be explained by augmented ANP release.
S Wiesner; A L Birkenfeld; S Engeli; S Haufe; L Brechtel; J Wein; M Hermsdorf; B Karnahl; M Berlan; M Lafontan; F C G J Sweep; F C Luft; J Jordan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-02-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1439-4286     ISO Abbreviation:  Horm. Metab. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-04     Completed Date:  2010-07-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177722     Medline TA:  Horm Metab Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  334-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart-New York.
Franz-Volhard Clinical Research Center, Medical Faculty of the Charité and HELIOS Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Atrial Natriuretic Factor / metabolism
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cross-Over Studies
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / blood
Heart Rate / physiology
Lactic Acid / blood
Lipid Metabolism / physiology
Metabolism / physiology*
Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0/Neurotransmitter Agents; 50-21-5/Lactic Acid; 85637-73-6/Atrial Natriuretic Factor

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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