Document Detail


Neurohormonal activation and exercise function in patients with severe heart failure and patients with left ventricular assist system. A comparative study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7781336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of implantation of a left ventricular assist system (LVAS) on the neurohormonal status, exercise capacity and symptomatic state in patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: Severe CHF is characterized by decreased exercise tolerance and activation of several neurohormonal systems. METHODS: Parameters of neurohormonal activation and exercise capacity in patients with LVAS (n = 7) were compared with those in groups of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 (n = 121) and class 4 (n = 81) patients. Plasma levels of norepinephrine (NE), plasma renin activity (PRA), and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and maximal and submaximal exercise capacities were measured monthly in LVAS patients and compared with results in CHF patients. RESULTS: Plasma NE and PRA levels were significantly lower in LVAS patients than in NYHA class 4 patients, and plasma ANP levels in LVAS patients were significantly lower than those in NYHA class 3 and 4 patients. The distance walked during submaximal exercise testing and peak oxygen consumption during maximal exercise testing were similar for the LVAS and NYHA class 3 patients. The class 4 patients were unable to exercise. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the LVAS lessens the neurohormonal activation and exercise intolerance characteristic of the CHF state and that the exercise capacity early after LVAS (< 4 months) is similar to that observed in NYHA class 3 patients.
Authors:
T Estrada-Quintero; B F Uretsky; S Murali; B P Griffith; R L Kormos
Related Documents :
11094036 - In vivo and in vitro evidence for impaired arginine transport in human heart failure.
9388106 - Skeletal muscle oxygenation and oxygen uptake kinetics following constant work rate exe...
16782216 - Hyperuricaemia predicts poor outcome in patients with mild to moderate chronic heart fa...
7503006 - Comparison of effects on peak oxygen consumption, quality of life, and neurohormones of...
3571066 - Menstrual cycle phase dissociation of blood glucose homeostasis during exercise.
2069926 - Mechanical overload of a single compartment induces early degenerative changes in the r...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-19     Completed Date:  1995-07-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1499-503     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Presbyterian University Hospital.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Atrial Natriuretic Factor / blood
Cardiac Output
Exercise Tolerance*
Female
Heart Failure / metabolism,  physiopathology*,  surgery
Heart-Assist Devices*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neurotransmitter Agents / blood*
Norepinephrine / blood
Oxygen Consumption
Renin / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Neurotransmitter Agents; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 85637-73-6/Atrial Natriuretic Factor; EC 3.4.23.15/Renin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Partial or total direct pulmonary venous drainage to right atrium due to malposition of septum primu...
Next Document:  The incidence of patent foramen ovale in 1,000 consecutive patients. A contrast transesophageal echo...